The passage “Coketown” begins as Messrs Bounderby and Gradgrind walk through the industrial Coketown. Through the use of metaphorical language, and a repetition much like what industry seems to represent, and chiasmus the author brings across the point that society is often a reflection of what occurs because as industry mechanizes work, it mechanizes the lives of people as well, which is said in a rather melancholic tone. “Interminable serpents of smoke trailed” expresses how Dickens felt about the industrialized Coketown. The town produces a rather dangerous byproduct that is compared to the danger posed by a snake.
Another instance in which he uses metaphor is when he compares the town to Mrs. Gradgrind, whom is as simple as the town she inhibits. Though, Dickens also utilizes direct comparisons between what he sees and what should be. “The town of unnatural read and black” is what he sees but he pictures it looking much like the “painted face of a savage. ” Then he goes on to mention “the piston of the steam engine” being like that of an “elephant in a state of melancholy madness;” it is rather often that he finds in some form a bit of nature that is not tranquil in Coketown.
The use of repetition creates a pattern. It seems that the inhabitants are conformists that are “like one another” because their environment is mechanized. Inclusively, with a combination of polysyndenton (polysyndeton) with a complex sentence Dickens creates the most villainous description of industrialization. By inverting the order of the jail being the infirmary he proves that everything is homogeneous, that all buildings are alike, as well as their purpose. His use of chiasmus, therefore fits perfectly with his view of society conforming.
His use of short words near the end of the passage in sentence fourteen seems to create a monotone because the words are one-syllable words said over and over again. This third-person point of view refers often to the town as it, as though he is distancing himself from it. In conclusion, Charles Dickens has a negative outlook upon conformists. He does not strongly encourage industrialization which is pointed out through all the negative outcomes brought about by metaphors, similes, and chiasmus. He demonstrates that conformity is bad, as well as industrialization and that society should be more diverse.