The English settlements on the eastern seashore of American can be divided into three groups. the North. the Middle Colonies and the South. They all have really different attitudes but they all came here to America to get away from the subjugation back in Europe and to develop a new. democratic state. To set up democracy. they all have to confront the same enemy. the British.
Modern democracy involves the right to vote. look into and equilibrate. and an elective representative. The chief grounds for development of modern democracy in America were faith. wealth. political freedom. pragmatism and secularism.
Religion and political freedom are strongly related to each other because Christianity provided an indispensable moral foundation for broad democratic authorities. The Pilgrims who reached New England in 1620 escaped from spiritual persecution by the English church and authorities and the corruptnesss of Holland. Soon they decided to put up their ain authorities base on Christian thoughts. peculiar the thought of equality. It was one of the early stairss towards modern democracy in America. The Pilgrims drew up an of import understanding called the Mayflower Compact. The understanding stated that the authorities would do “just Torahs and equal” with the consent of the settlers.
In pattern this meant that adult male Pilgrims met from clip to clip to elect a governor and a little group to help him. The Puritans besides hated the hierarchy system in the English church. But comparing to the Pilgrims. the Puritans were more ambitious. They thought it was destiny and God’s will that brought them to America. Religion and the thought of “city upon the hill” caused them to organize a democratic authorities. “City upon a hill” was proposed by John Winthrop. He meant that the new settlement would be an illustration for the remainder of the universe of how God meant work forces and adult females to populate. The Puritans should construct their metropolis good and it would go a theoretical account which England might follow.
Wealth besides hindered the motion of democracy. First of all. the settlers in the south went to American trusting to happen wealth and success which they found by turning baccy and slave trade. Once they got wealth. they wanted to protect their belongings and to derive farther net income. The lone manner to make this is to hold a authorities system where it will concern about people’s ego involvement. As a consequence. a democratic authorities is developed where most issues were approved or discussed by the people before it was passed.
Pragmatism means human taking practical actions to jobs. America is a new. unusual land to the settlers. The settlers had to be really flexible to get by with the wilderness. Secularism means the exclusion of spiritual and supernatural beliefs. These two thoughts combined to develop another feature of modern democracy that is spiritual freedom. It was foremost suggested by William Penn. a Friend. They believed all work forces are equal no affair what race or what faith they believed in. The Quakers thought faith does non order political determinations. though the moral positions arising in Christianity remain. Rather so concentrating on the spiritual facet. they concentrate on bettering their lives in this new state. The Shakers held a similar thought with the Religious society of friendss. They believed in “Hands to work. bosom to God. ” This developed the thought of you can believe in any faith or none at all. with small legal or societal countenance. that is the freedom of faith.
The chief cause of the American War of Independence is how the British treated Americans after the Seven Years War. The Seven Years War ( 1756-1763 ) had the Gallic on one side and Prussia backed by British gold on the other. The Seven Years War was chiefly the consequence of trading rights. The British colonials ( Americans ) were pinned up against the Atlantic seaside. with merely the Hudson Bay Company in the north disputing the Gallic trading. The settlers were running out of land. British found the demand to spread out. But making so. they would come in the Ohio Valley. controlled by France. In the terminal. France was defeated. Although Britain won the war. they found themselves in an unfavorable state of affairs. The war was longer than the British had expected and was expensive. Even worse. the settlers were traveling west. In order to keep their new land in America British must direct military personnels to protect it. this was another immense disbursement. Since Britain had defended the 13 settlements. they thought that the settlers should pay for the military personnels by assorted revenue enhancements.
Get downing from 1763. Britain tried to use its ain policy onto the American settlers. The American settlers were unpleased because the ground why there were here in America was to get away from English regulation but now the British authorities was doing determinations. ignoring the assemblies that they established earlier. A few events highlighted the colonists’ bitternesss and choler toward Britain. In 1764. the Revenue Act was introduced. It stated that settlers have to pay responsibility for molasses which is used to do rum. It was the first clip that the settlers felt the unjust of British regulation. The following twelvemonth. British introduced another revenue enhancement through Stamp Act. This Act made settlers to purchase casts for newspaper and many other indispensable points. They even have to purchase licence for playing cards and die. The settlers became hideous. they believed merely their assemblies can revenue enhancement on them. non the London Parliament which is few 1000s stat mis off and they had non much power in it.
The choler towards British regulation was intense by Britain pulverizing all responsibilities in the Townshend Act apart from tea. The settlers regarded this as a payoff to do them stop the boycott with British authorities so that the British can revenue enhancement them. As a consequence. a first existent rebellion was broke out and it was known as the Boston Tea Party. Few settlers disguised themselves as Indians and threw ladings of tea into the seaport. This rebellion alerted the British. The British decided to do a harsher program towards America. The Intolerable Acts were made in 1774 to derive entire control over American settlers. The British block ports and merely allow American assemblies to run into one time a twelvemonth. This is the ultimate ground for doing the American wanted to travel to war with Britain. The Acts caused the settlers to halt all trade with Britain and raise their ain military personnels.
Americans felt that Britain was taking their democracy off by merely governing them in British manner. Under British regulation. Americans did non hold the right to vote or to elect authorities. They did non hold faith freedom and must follow the English church. They could non hold their ain trade. The colonists’ feelings could be expressed through the Philosophes’ statements. As the celebrated philosophe. Voltaire said. “I disagree with everything you say. but will support to the decease your right to state it! ” . he believed that the Church stood in the manner of truth by stating people what to believe alternatively of leting them to believe for themselves. The American extended this thought even further and thought that Britain was in the manner of their democracy and that the public assistance of the settlement and the Empire were non ever synonymous. The philosophes besides emphasised on human rights and this related to how the American thought when a authorities does non accept the governed. it should be alteration.
The settlers fled from the subjugation back in Europe and wanted to get down a new life. Their faith. aspiration and attidtues eventually led them to the route to modern democracy. But Britain disregarded their rights and democracy and this is the immediate cause of the American War of Independence.