Nathaniel Hawthorne Essay, Research Paper

American writer and short narrative author, born in Salem, Mass. , U.S. Hawthorne & # 8217 ; s best known plants are THE SCARLET LETTER ( 1850 ) and THE HOUSE OF THE SEVEN GABLES ( 1851 ) .

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Hawthorne & # 8217 ; male parent was a sea captain and descandent of one of the Judgess in the Salem witchery tests of 1692. His male parent died when he was four twelvemonth old.Hawthorne was educated at the Bowdoin College in Maine ( 1821-24 ) , and published his first novel, FANSHAWE anonymously in 1828 at his ain disbursal. In the school among his friends were Franklin Pierce, who become the fourteenth president of the U.S. , and Henry Wadsworth Longfellow.

After soundless old ages he edited the American magazine of Useful and Entertaining Knowledge in Boston, and compiled in 1837 PETER PARLEY & # 8217 ; S UNIVERSAL HISTORY for kids. In tungsten followed by a series of books for chidren & # 8211 ; GRANDFATHER & # 8217 ; S CHAIR ( 1841 ) , FAMOUS OLD PEOPLE ( 1841 ) , LIBERTY TREE ( 1841 ) , and BIOGRAPHICAL STORIES FOR CHILDREN ( 1842 ) .

In 1842 Hawthorne became friends with the Transcendentals in Concord & # 8211 ; Ralp Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, Bronson Alcott, but by and large he did non hold much assurance in intellectuals and creative person. He married in 1842 Sophia Peapody, and settled with her in Concord.

A turning household and climb debts compelled the household & # 8217 ; s return to Salem. In 1846 he was appointed surveyor of the port of Salem, where he worked for three old ages. The Scarlet Letter appeared in 1850 and The House of the Seven Gables following twelvemonth. During these productive old ages he besides established a warm friendly relationship with Herman Melville, who dedicated Moby-Dick to him.

In 1853 Hawthorne tungsten

as appointed the consulship in Liverpool, England. He spent so a twelvemonth and half in Italy composing THE MARBLE FAUN ( 1860 ) , which was his last completed novel. In his Concord place, The Wayside, he wrote the essays contained in OUR OLD HOME ( 1863 ) . Hawthorne died on May 19, 1864, in Plymouth, N.H. on a trip to the mountains with his friend Franklin Pierce.

The Scatlett Letter: In Puritan New England, Hester Prynne, the female parent of an bastard kid wears the vermilion A ( for adultress ) for old ages instead than uncover that her lover was the saintly immature small town curate. Her hubby, Roger Chillingworth, returns to torture the guiltstricken adult male, who confesses his criminal conversation before deceasing in Hester & # 8217 ; s weaponries. Hester plans to take her girl Pearl to Europe to get down a new life.

The House of the Seven Gables: Based on the fable of a expletive pronounced on Hawthorne & # 8217 ; s ain household by a adult female condemned to decease during the Salem witchery tests. The expletive is mirrored in the decay of the Pyncheon household & # 8217 ; s seven-gabled sign of the zodiac. Finally the descandentant of the killed adult female marries a immature niece of the household and the familial wickedness terminals.

Julian Hawthorne ( 1846-1934 ) , the boy of Nathaniel Hawthorne, who began printing short fiction in 1870. Many of JH & # 8217 ; s novelettes and short narratives are eldritch narratives of expletives and phantoms, some pulling inspiration from his Swedenborgian religion. His calling was interrupted by a jail term. He moved to California, where he wrote for newspapers, mush magazine All-Story Weekly, and emended series of anthologies. His girl Hildegarde ( 1871-1952 ) wrote besides some phantasy, which can be found in Faded Garden ( 1985, ed. Jessica Amanda Salmonson ) .