Last updated: February 11, 2019
Topic: CareersNursing
Sample donated:

Community health nursing can work in the government, private agencies, clinics or other private settings. Nurses in this field focus on populations, working with individuals, groups and families to attempt to improve the healthcare in a community setting. This paper will reflect from two articles assigned in this week’s learning resources by acknowledging two historical nurses that guided the way to promote healthier communities. This paper will also cite the innovative nursing practices that were advocated by the two chosen historical nurses that promoted health and their preventative disease techniques within the community.

Finally, this paper will also incorporate my own nursing experience with what I have learned from these two historical nurses and see if what they discovered is applicable or inapplicable in today’s healthcare industry. Two Innovative Practices Advocated by Florence Nightingale and Madeline Leininger Florence Nightingale has been known to be the founder and creator of nursing. Nightingale’s innovative practice that made an impact on history and changed the outcome of patient care was one her deep concern for holistic care for her patients (Jones, Spinks, Birrell, & Young, 2009).

From her experience she learned in Crimea in 1856, she provided her knowledge that she learned about patient ventilation, sanitation, diet, environmental and personal hygiene (Jones, Spinks, Birrell, & Young, 2009). Nightingale also was obsessed about patients having fresh air, bedding, sunlight and the cleanliness of their rooms, while having the staff help patients with their basic hygiene needs to not only promote happier but healthier patients (Jones, Spinks, Birrell, & Young, 2009).

Madeline Leininger in 1976 was the foundress of the worldwide transcultural theory of caring for nursing movement (Plummer, & Molzahn, 2009). Leininger’s theory brought the role of cultural issues into the nursing practice that will help discuss how to attend to the needs of those requiring nursing care from other countries. Leininger’s theory is based on the “quality of life that represents the values, beliefs, symbols and patterned expressions from a particular culture” (Plummer, ; Molzahn, 2009).

Therefore, Leininger’s theory became an innovative practice that was used as guide to promote healthier individuals of any particular culture without discriminating them unintentionally (Plummer, ; Molzahn, 2009). Relevance of Nightingale and Leininger’s Teachings in today’s Society and OR Nursing Nightingale made a very important discovery with her finding new ways to decrease the infection rate on patients. Nightingale’s discovery is still applicable and relevant not only in today’s society, but especially in the perioperative nursing field.

By Nightingale, paving the way to introduce sterile technique has shown not only how the rate of infection can decrease in the OR, but decrease the occurrence of surgical site infections. Lastly, Nightingale also taught us through her innovative holistic nursing approach that by providing clean warm blankets to our surgical patients has not only provide comfort to them but it also promotes trust between the nurse and patient relationship. Leininger’s transcultural theory of caring is also very relevant in today’s society and can be applicable in my area of perioperative nursing.

Leininger theory guides the perioperative nurse to become more aware of the needs of the patients that are from other countries. This patient population requires more attention because most of the time they do not understand our ways and techniques of the surgical process and nursing care compared to what they were taught in their home country. Leininger’s theory has also taught me to become more respectful to their culture so that I do not make a mistake and inadvertently offend they way of life.

Conclusion. In conclusion, this paper has shown how two historical nurses, Nightingale and Leininger through their innovative techniques has changed not only changed the teachings of the nursing profession. These techniques has also shown us how to take better care of our patients by promoting a safe and clean environment during the healing stages of our patient by decreasing the infection rate in hospitals and learning how to understand our non-American population. This paper concluded by showing how Nightingale and Leininger’s innovative techniques can still be applied in today’s society and in every aspect of nursing care.


Jones, K., Spinks, M., Birrell, J., ; Young, N. (2009). Lessons from a guru. Nursing Standard, 23(19), 20-22. Retrieved March 11, 2011, from;db=rzh;AN=2010169252;site=ehost-live;scope=site Plummer, M., ; Molzahn, A. E. (2009). Quality of life in contemporary nursing theory: A concept analysis. Nursing Science Quarterly, 22(2), 134-140. Retrieved January 20, 2010, from