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0px; font: 12.0px ‘Times New Roman’; color: #000000; -webkit-text-stroke: #000000}span.s1 {font-kerning: none}span.Apple-tab-span {white-space:pre} Whether patterns of women is a commonly discussed topic and still in debate. Currently, it is commonly believed that men always impose patterns upon women, and women usually live up with those patterns; however, others have a negative attitude. In fact, according to D.H.

Lawrence’s essay “Give Her a Pattern,” Lawrence proclaims that men impose patterns upon women, patterns of costume, behaviors, and roles; he especially emphasizes the role of marriage and motherhood. However, the role of marriage is not satisfying for every woman. There are two distinct females, Louise and Nance, who have different attitudes to the patterns, by comparing Kate Chopin’s short story, “The Story of an Hour,” and Quiller-Couch’s short story “Once Aboard the Lugger.” In this essay, it will define the term “pattern”, analyze the two females’ acts when they face the expectations of men. For one thing, it is indispensable to define and clarify the term “pattern.

” The patterns are made by men’s imagination for women who can satisfy men by following those patterns. In Lawrence’s essay, he write that “the real trouble about women is that they must always go on trying to adapt themselves to men’s theories of women, as they always have done” (Lawerence, 1). Lawrence points out that patterns are men’s theories of women, and those patterns always influence women in customs, behaviors, and roles because women follow those patterns. There are a lot of example in Lawrence’s essay, for instance,  “Later gentlemen like Nero produced the “fast” theory of woman, and later ladies were fast enough for everybody… The Renaissance discovered the learned woman, and learned women buzzed mildly into verse and prose.

Dickens invented the child-wife, so child-wives have swarmed ever since” (Lawrence, 1).Therefore, patterns are the man’s picture of woman live up to, the man’s imagination of females, and the hypothesis or model of woman made by males.  Secondly, according to the meaning of patterns, it is convincible that Louise is a typical woman who follow the pattern of her husband.

Louise is repressed by her marriage to a man who bends her will to his, and when she thinks he is dead, she celebrates her freedom. Kate Chopin write in her short story, “… the tops of trees that were all aquiver with the new spring life. The delicious breath of rain was in the air… The notes of a distant song which someone was singing reached her faintly, and countless sparrows were twittering in the eaves” (Chopin, 1). After Louise heard about the death of her husband, her reaction is not same as many women, but she feel that everything are full of vigor in new spring, and there are a beautiful world in the face of her. Actually, Louise is ready to break the cocoon to become a butterfly in the new spring, which she prepare to start a new life for herself. By describe the nice things and views, Chopin implies that Louise can finally release her repressed individuality for a long period after her husband’s death. Moreover, Chopin write that “‘Free! Body and soul free!’ she kept whispering” (Chopin, 2).

It implies Louise’s intensive desire for freedom, and indirectly points out that she constrain herself to follow the pattern of a submissive wife. According to Lawrence, “she may spend years living up to a masculine pattern. But in the end, the strange and terrible logic of emotion will work out the smashing of that pattern, if it has not been emotionally satisfactory” (Lawrence, 2). At the end of the story, Louise was died of heart disease when her husband came back. Although the doctor surmised she was died of over excitation, readers are able to see that the reason of her death may be excessive disappointment because her husband’s return breaks up her dream of new life.

However, Nance is different from Louise because she not only accepts, but also challenge the patterns. According to Lawrence, “Unless of course she has already chosen her pattern quite young, then she will declare she is herself absolutely, and no man’s idea of women has any influence over her” (Lawrence, 2). Nance is a brave female, so she decide the pattern how she live up to.

In Quiller-Couch’s short story, “…, and to wonder what this young man would be like as a husband” (Quiller-Couch, 3). Nance accepts society’s expectation that she will marry because she want to marry and become a nice wife. But her choice of a mate is limited her socio-economic class and expectations of her role within that class. Quiller-Couch writes that “intermarriage between the towns was almost unheard of, and even now it is rare. Yet they are connected by a penny ferry” (2). Nance is poor Ruan girl, but Samuel, the man who Nance want to marry, comes from Troy. Therefore, Nance cannot marry the man if she follows the pattern imposed upon her of class.

Quiller-Couch also says that “for my father’s no better’n a plain fisherman, an’ they’re all above me in money an’ rank. I Nance be but a Ruan girl, an’ my family is naught” (7). Of course she know the limit between them, but she finally decides to break that pattern to express her love of the man. Furthermore, Nance not only breaks the pattern, but she reverses the pattern of courtship. In the short story, Nance lies to Samuel to make the chance which she can be alone with him. Then, Nance expresses her deep love of Samuel, promises that she will be a good wife, and even kisses him.

As a fact in courtship, all of her behaviors and words are usually did by a male, so she changes her role to a male in the courtship.  Therefore, Nance already chosen her pattern and decided how she lives, so she would not affected by patterns of class and roles in courtship.