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Apple-tab-span {white-space:pre}Taharah Cox12/15/17Final Analysis PaperSOWK 300Introduction: The novel, Finding Fish, is about a young man by the name of Antwone Fisher. Growing up to a young teen mom and no father, Fisher faced many obstacles that made him the person he became. With Antwone’s mother being incarcerated at his birth and refusing to claim him after the fact and his father being murdered before his birth, the only fortunate thing young fisher had was being placed in a foster home with a fond foster mother. Sad to say, young fisher was placed into a home where he encountered countless abuse: both physically and sexually, and mistreated behavior. Aside from all of the obstacles he has faced, Antwone grew into being  a strong and prosperous man. Stages of Development & Psychosocial Crisis:  Eric Erickson was a German- American psychologist and analyst most known for his theory on the psychosocial development of human beings.

He was also best known for doing the phrase identity crisis. He came up with eight stages of development which started in infancy and led all the way up to adulthood. In each stage, a person experiences a psychosocial crisis which haves a positive or negative impact on the outcome of that persons personality development. Successful completion of each stage resulted in a healthy personality and the gain of basic virtues. If one did not complete a stage, then that may cause them to not be able to progress to another stage, leading an unhealthy personality and sense of self.

The eight stages included Trust Vs. Mistrust, Autonomy Vs. Shame, Initiative vs.

Guilt, Industry Vs. Inferiority, Ego Identity Vs. Role Confusion, Intimacy Vs.

Isolation, Generatively Vs. Stagnation, and last but not least Ego Integrity Vs. Despair.

  The first stage of Erickson’s developmental stages was Trust Vs. Mistrust. In this stage, infants learn to have trust in their caregivers and trust that they will meet their basic needs. If their needs were not met, mistrust may develop.

Antwone had a really strong attachment to his foster mother. Nothing could cause him to lure away from her. The strong bond that he had with her caused him to have hope. Growing up in fosters home, Antwone had experienced love with his foster mother and that was all he knew.  The second stage was Autonomy Vs.

Shame. In this stage, the toddler focused on developing a sense of self and self control. For Antwone, this stage was not very successful. He moved from his first foster home in which he loved to an abusive one that causes him to change rapidly in behavior and development. Because of the abuse has has endured, he began to feel shameful and doubt himself. It caused him to lack autonomy and self rule.

These type of problems in childhood could possibly last a lifetime and shape the way a persons developed. Antwone constantly doubted him self and his abilities throughout his memoir.  Antwone seemed to suffer the most in the thirst stage: Initiative Vs. Guilt. As he was moved to another foster home, he encountered countless abuse from many different people. His brother, his classmates, and most of all his foster mother  Mrs.

Pickett’s. Her abuse caused the most damaging effects on fisher that lasted long. She beat him for stealing that caused him to become unconscious and even beat him with hot and burning newspapers.  “The next thing I remember was being in my bedroom naked, tied by myarms to the end of a cot, and she was whipping me with a switch made from a thingreen branch from a bush in the backyard. The whipping continued until welts poppedup on my skin and began to open. This was the day that Miss Pickett’s would brag aboutfor years to come; the day when I was eight years old that she beat me unconscious”.(Fisher 2001).

Because of this physical and mental abuse, Antwone became violent and angry. He would often lash out and would start fighting.  Antwone began to judge and compare himself to other children his age. This will be Erickson’s fourth stage, Industry Vs. Inferiority. In this stage, children are more alert to who they are around and start to compare themselves.

They wonder if they are good enough and what makes them different from others. Within the foster home, a new kid by the name of Keith joined. Keith was a lighter skin complexion than others including Antwone.

Antwone mentioned that he wanted to be like his brother Keith and he felt inferior to him. He notices that Keith gets more attention that he does because of his lighter complexion. He believes that darker skin is inferior and doubts himself.

  The fifth stage of development is Identity Vs. Role Confusion. In this stage, one strives to find themselves.  Antwone gains more self acceptance and even looks up a role model.

He goes through much of what others go through. He has many friends and talent which allowed him to play music during lunch hours. He looked up to Mr. Pickett and admire him so much because of support toward him. He began to stick up for himself as well. He is then removed from his foster home where he eventually starts to somewhat succeed. The sixth stage is Intimacy Vs.

Isolation. Antwone experienced sexual abuse in his childhood. He had difficulties when it came to intimate relationships because of this. He reported being since age six until he became a teenager by his cousin in his foster family. He felt uncomfortable and anxious in relationships and would have a hard time expressing it. He was shy when it came to girls that he was interested in.

He also isolated himself by joining the navy and moving every once on a while. He did this in fear of getting rejected or disappointed.  In the seventh stage, Generatively Vs. Stagnation, it is more focused on standing your ground and accomplishing the things you want to make the world around you better.

It also meant contributing to your society or staying low and out of it. For Antwone, he joined the navy and even got married. He also started a family in the time.

  Last but not least, the last stage is Integrity Vs. Despair. Despite the struggle Fisher faced in his life, he overcame and strived. In this stage of development, it is based on fully accepting oneself and our goals or simply feeling that we have not accomplished what we should have by the age we are. Fisher was able to gain integrity as well as over come his doubtfulness of not reaching his goals. He sought out the family he had not grown up with.

 Bio-Psychosocial Framework Throughout Antwone’s life, he faced challenges pertaining to the biological, psychological, and social systems. These systems emphasize the significance they have on an individual and the way they function. In some way, they all have a connection to each other and can explain the outcome of individuals. Fisher had an issue with his skin color and wished for lighter skin like his brother Keith. He had doubt in himself and thought of his skin color as inferior to those with lighter skin. This would be associated with the biological system.

This was something he was born with and can not be changed.  The psychological system pertained to mental and emotional health of an individual as well as their beliefs an expectations. The mental, emotional and physical abuse of Fisher by his foster mom and others caused him to have mental and emotion problems. He had trouble trusting others and that shaped him and had a big impact on how he grew up.

Last but not least, the social system is associated with how one develops relationships, is viewed by others in society, social skills, and coping in general with society. Fisher had trouble growing up as kid in society. From being teased, and even abused in front of other, this had an impact on how he reacted in society. He also had hard times forming relationships up until he grew older. His self esteem was not very high and he wondered about himself. Policy Recommendations I would have recommended that the moment Fisher moved into another foster home, he would get frequent visits from agencies to ensure he was in a safe, loving, and stable environment. Being though he was at a very young age when he went through abuse, it could have possibly been avoided.

Another recommendation would be that Fisher received longer psychiatrist help from younger age all the way until he was older and recovered fully. This would have been essential to guide him and shaping the outcome of his personality and openness. With the support and help of Dr.

Davenport, Fisher was able to strive and face his past issues and turn his life around. He became a very inspirational and self leading individual.  Last but not least, another recommendation is that a psychiatrists make their client feel as comfortable as possible and allow them to open up. During sessions with Dr.

Davenport he often did not start until Fisher opened up and begin to speak. That puts pressure on Fisher and any client and sure would not make the client feel that they can open up to a stranger. Conclusion: In conclusion, despite Fisher’s past, he grew up to be a very inspiration, leading, young individual. In his younger years, he was abused by many, did not have his biological mother, and grew up without his biological father. The traumas that young Fisher faced had both negative and positives impacts on who he grew up to be. He turned to the navy to find, build, and learn a sense of himself. I have learned that the good in situations can outweigh the bad.

The stages of development are very essential and have a huge impact of ones development. The failure of a stage can leave to the unsuccessful passing to another. This novel opened they eyes of many other including myself and helped to fully understand Eric Erickson stages of development. ReferenceFisher, A Q. (2001) Finding Fish. New York, New York: HarperCollins Publishers Inc.