There are many advantages to putting offenders on probation and parole. One advantage is the cost, the average inmate costs 20,000 a year to house, and up to 60,000 in a super max.
The cost to keep someone on probation is 3,400 a year that is a big difference. Another advantage is the space. Prisons are becoming overcrowded very quickly. The offenders that are placed on parole or supervision are generally no violent criminals; they may have had drug charges or something along those lines.However in some cases violent offenders may be released after careful consideration has been made. By making the most of parole and probation, they are opening more beds in the prison system for violent offenders. Though there may be advantages to parole and probation, the disadvantages still outweigh them.
A major disadvantage is the way that the community may look at the offender. They may get negative attitudes from society because they do not believe that the offender should be out, or that the offender may reoffend.Job searching is also a drawback. If you are on parole or probation it is required that you have gainful employment, meaning a job that pays you.
The offender needs to make known to the employer of their criminal record, along with the status of their probation/parole. This in turn has people on probation/parole working at lower paying jobs. Although some states have offered a tax credit to companies that employ people on probation or parole. An additional disadvantage is the rules and regulation that one must follow.Many persons placed on probation or paroles have a hard time adjusting to the strictly controlled lifestyle. Rules vary from agency to agency, from crime to crime, but some rules may include; having a curfew, living in certain areas, having certain friends, and even decorating for holidays such as Halloween. Pennsylvania Board of Probation and Parole V.
Scott is an example of a U. S. Supreme Court case having effect on probation and parole. In this case, the parolee was determined to cease from owning any weapons.
When officers acknowledged that he may be in possession of firearms, they searched his home and found a few firearms, a bow, and some arrows. Keith M. Scott opposed that the search was unconstitutional; however the weapons were admitted as evidence and the offender was recommitted. This impacts probation and parole by introducing The Federal Exclusionary Law, prohibiting the introduction of evidence seized in violation of the Fourth amendment.
It was determined that the Exclusionary Law does not apply to parole revocation hearings, and that the states use of such evidence does not itself violate the constitution. The main goal of a probation officer is to keep the community safe. I would not mind being a probation officer. They are there to help the offender try to live a normal life, just with restrictions. Probation officers work with the court systems, performing pre-sentencing investigations, and reports on their clients.
Probation officers enforce court orders that may include arrests, seizures, and drug testing.Being a probation officer would be hard, dealing with violent and dangerous criminals, in sometimes dangerous locations. I would be able to work with people of all age groups, backgrounds, and ethnicity.
Along with the tasks that I would be faced with, I would also have to have knowledge in a variety of areas such as psychology, law and government, sociology and anthropology, and public safety to name a few. Although there is a lot that goes into being a probation officer, I think that the outcome I may have on someone’s life would be worth it.Web.docuticker.com/go/docubase/7100www.ehow.com/list_6461000_disadvantages-probation-parole.html www.vanwagnerwood.com/cm/customprobation.aspsupremejustia.com/us/524/357/case.html