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Professional Athletes And Drug Use ( Penalties ) Essay, Research PaperMalcolm HarvestMrs.

SkellyEnglish IIMay 8, 1999Professional Athletes and Drug Use ( Punishments )This research paper is about jocks and their usage of drugs. The drug that is mostoften used by jocks is alcohol. Most jocks who use drugs do non acquire thepenalty that they deserve alternatively they receive penalty that is excessively indulgent.

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Thepunishments for professional jocks who use drugs are excessively indulgent, they should be moresevere.Examples of drugs that are used by most jocks are the undermentioned: AnabolicSteroids, Dietary addendums, Blood Doping, Stimulants, Narcotics and Corticosteroids,and Alcohol. Anabolic steroids are used illicitly by jocks, to increase musculus massand strength. Anabolic steroids are besides called Androgenic-anabolic steroids. They gettheir name from the Greek words & # 8220 ; Andro & # 8221 ; and & # 8220 ; Gennan & # 8221 ; which mean male bring forthing,and & # 8220 ; Anabold & # 8221 ; which means to construct up. Anabolic steroids are chemically similar to themale endocrine testosterone.

The testicle, a male sex organ, produces this endocrine.Anabolic steroids are normally injected into the testicle when taken or ingested in tablets.Athletes who abuse Anabolic steroids exceed the natural degree of testosterone. DietaryAthletes to replace or increase chemical or vitamins in the organic structure usage addendums.Androstenedione is a endocrine pre-cursor that increases testosterone in the blood,which increases musculus mass, strength, and power. Blooddoping is when excess blood is injected into a individual & # 8217 ; s venas to increase ruddy blood cells andO.

Endurance jocks, who need every bit much O as, largely use this drug.For illustration endurance contest smugglers, tri-athletes, and decathlon participators.Stimulations are drugs that are taken to rush up the cardinal nervous system. The mostFrequently used stimulation today is marijuana ; most jocks are normally caught inownership of this drug. Alcohol is a sedative that is used by jocks. A sedative is adrug that slows down encephalon and organic structure reactions. & # 8220 ; Alcohol is the drug most often usedby athletes.

& # 8221 ; 1The effects of drugs on the users and those around them sometimes do non lookTo be every bit bad as they truly are. The jocks play a critical function as function theoretical account for the statesimmature people. As jocks they have duties to their athletics, teammates, fans, and mostsignificantly themselves. Professional athleticss are a workplace.

Pro jocks are paid to playtheir athleticss, merely as a physician is paid to handle his patients, a carpenter is paid to constructhouses and a truck driver is paid to drive his truck. Athletes have an illustration they mustset, but when they use drugs they fail at the illustration they set. Marijuana and Steroidsimpact the human organic structure in assorted ways, which is what some jocks do non cognize.

Marijuana is an habit-forming drug. & # 8221 ; Marihuana smoke produces functional, structural,And irreversible lung alterations in long term smokers. & # 8221 ; 2 Marijuana fume is moredamaging to the lungs than baccy fume.

The effects of marihuana in psychopathologyevaluated conditions such as schizophrenic disorder and alcohol addiction. Steroid usage has manylong term effects. Calendar months to old ages of steroid maltreatment can take to liver tumours, asepsiscoronary arteria disease and increased aggression. In males shrinking of the testicle andan addition in breast size are some side effects, and in females a lessening in chest sizeand asepsis.The grounds for drug usage by jocks are many, but the chief 1 is the field desireto win. Anabolic steroids are used lawfully for skeletal and growing upsets forcertain types of anaemia and to countervail the negative effects of radiation and chemotherapy.

When most jocks turn up utilizing drugs, so most immature people think drugs are OK.A medical diary says, & # 8221 ; Sports has become so unreal that it is difficult to state betweenacceptable and unacceptable aids. & # 8221 ; 3 Some jocks take drugs for illnesss that show upon drug trial these are instances when the drugs are inadvertent. Baseball star DarrylStrawberry said that force per unit area from teammates to make cocaine.

In many instances drug usage isbrought on by equal force per unit area, but it is still no alibi for the usage of drugs. Another groundfor drug usage might be because in certain athleticss drugs are non banned. In 1994 the DietarySupplement Education Act was passed which made substances that create testosteroneunclassified as a drug. Reason for higher gross revenues in addendums between this twelvemonth and lasttwelvemonth were because many aces like Mark McGwire who is suspected to be takingAndrostenedione.

Most solutions of drugs usage should get down with the jock him or herself, but hereare a few methods of the National Drug Control Strategy ( NDCS ) . The NDCS has threeends to contend against drugs. One end is to educate and enable America & # 8217 ; s young person to rejectillegal drugs every bit good as baccy and intoxicant. Another end is to cut down the wellness andsocietal costs to the populace of illegal drug usage. The last end is to advance the nationalacceptance of drug free workplace plans that emphasize a comprehensive plan thatincludes drug testing, instruction, bar, and intercession. The high visibleness of theprofessional athleticss, workplaces merely underscore the demand to do these drug-free topographic points.& # 8220 ; Under the NDCS, ONDCP has an duty to back up drug-free workplaces no affairwhether the concern is hoops, banking orbaking” 4.

Coachs are a reallyof import portion of work outing jocks drug jobs. Coachs need to acknowledge jobsearly so they do non acquire out of manus. Most drug jobs in athleticss need the attending of amanager.

Which is why the manager must be really cognizant of all his or her participants.The punishments of drug are more than merely being sentenced in tribunal. They besides havelong term effects, such as illness and disease legal jobs and possibly even decease. Theusage of marihuana is a drug maltreatment and should be as such in all ways. This statement is do tofact of the things that we see on telecasting when professional jocks are caught withmarihuanas most people consider it non to be such a large trade.

When yet in world it is ajob that should be taken more earnestly than it should. When immature people see these eventsgo oning on telecasting they take as a mark that its Oklahoma to be caught with marihuana there isnon much that can go on to them. That is why these jobs should be taken attention of ina more serious mode than that of the yesteryear. In recent old ages Chinese adult females have setsingular universe records ; with 19 Chinese swimmers holding tested positive for drugsalready this decennary, the U.S. federation would wish the drug regulations to be made eventougher. This is non such a bad thought, if drug regulations were made tougher it would filtrate outjocks who use drugs and do room for those jocks who work hard become the bestalternatively of those who prefer to take the easy manner out. Not merely will tougher drug regulationsaid out those jocks who chose to be all & # 8220 ; natural & # 8221 ; , but it will put an illustration for theyounger coevals, and allow them cognize that these things will no longer be tolerated.

InMarch, 1996 Pittsburgh Steelers running back Byron & # 8220 ; Bam & # 8221 ; Morris was indicted, forownership of cocaine and marihuana. He spent a twosome of months in prison, but wasshortly released and back on the field. Although be convicted for this offense, made participants,managers, and fans lose some of the religion in the participant they had one time cheered and rootedfor. Athletes should cognize that with the usage of drugs come many effects. Like anincident in Dallas, Texas, with America & # 8217 ; s supposed squad.

Besides in March of 1996 DallasCowboy & # 8217 ; s star broad receiving system Michael Irvin who is besides the all-time taking receiving system inDallas Cowboy history, was indicted with a felony charge for ownership of four gmsof cocaine. Besides with this came consequences Mr. Irvin lost a batch of money and a batch oftrust. It besides took him off from the game he so loved. In the following season he missed overhalf the season and when he came back he did non have such a warm welcome from hisfans.

Although these effects are great, the greatest effect of all is decease. LenBias was a NBA ace until decease because of the usage of stimulations. Dwight Gooden ofthe New York Mets was besides a instance in which he was taken off from the athletics he besidesloved because of an intoxicant job he was suspended from baseball. Anothereffect would be embarrassment, and none would likely cognize it better thanpath star Ben Johnson who was the fastest adult male alive in the 1988 Olympics until hetested positive for steroids and shortly after his gold decoration was revoked.From the information above reader & # 8217 ; s should be better informed about dangers andwagess from the usage of drugs.

Although sometimes they might acquire away with in the longtally they will endure the effects. The punishments for professional jocks who usedrugs are excessively indulgent they should be more terrible. Although at this clip the punishments donon look to be going more terrible, but when in fact they truly are, and they will acquireworse as clip progresses.Bibliography& # 8220 ; Marijuana Problems Summarized & # 8221 ; InternetChicago Tribune, & # 8220 ; Steelers & # 8217 ; Morris Indicted on Drug Charges, & # 8221 ; March 27,1996Associated Press, & # 8220 ; Cowboys & # 8217 ; Irvin Is Indicted, & # 8220 ; Kansas City Star, April 2, 1996Galas, Judith Drugs and Sports San Diego: Lucent Books 1997Roan, Shari & # 8221 ; Addendums Deriving Muscle & # 8221 ; Los Angeles Times April 12, 1999Shapiro, Harry Facts on Drugs and Sport New York: Franklin Watts 1989& # 8220 ; Where Athletics Fits In The National Drug Control Strategy & # 8221 ; Internet& # 8220 ; Drug Problems In Sports & # 8221 ; Video& # 8220 ; Athletes and Steroids & # 8220 ; Mayo Clinic Health Letter V. 1, no.

9-September & # 8216 ; 94 InternetDolan, Edward F. Jr. Drugs In Sports United States: Franklin Watts, 1986Notes1.Judith Galas Drugs and Sports ( San Diego: Lucent Books, 1997 ) p.612.

An international conference held at New York School of Medicine & # 8221 ; Marijuana Problems Summarized ( New York: Charles Mott Foundation, March 20-21,1998 ) Internet3.A medical diary & # 8220 ; Daily Telegraph & # 8221 ; ( ? Daily Telegraph, Aug. 7,1998 )4.National Drug Control Strategy ( United States, 1999 ) p.1 of 263c& # 8220 ; Marijuana Problems Summarized & # 8221 ; InternetChicago Tribune, & # 8220 ; Steelers & # 8217 ; Morris Indicted on Drug Charges, & # 8221 ; March 27,1996Associated Press, & # 8220 ; Cowboys & # 8217 ; Irvin Is Indicted, & # 8220 ; Kansas City Star, April 2, 1996Galas, Judith Drugs and Sports San Diego: Lucent Books 1997Roan, Shari & # 8221 ; Addendums Deriving Muscle & # 8221 ; Los Angeles Times April 12, 1999Shapiro, Harry Facts on Drugs and Sport New York: Franklin Watts 1989& # 8220 ; Where Athletics Fits In The National Drug Control Strategy & # 8221 ; Internet& # 8220 ; Drug Problems In Sports & # 8221 ; Video& # 8220 ; Athletes and Steroids & # 8220 ; Mayo Clinic Health Letter V. 1, no.

9-September & # 8216 ; 94 InternetDolan, Edward F. Jr. Drugs In Sports United States: Franklin Watts, 1986