Last updated: July 11, 2019
Topic: ArtDesign
Sample donated:


Services Contract (PSC) – The appointment of a supplier of professional

and Construction Contract (ECC) – The appointment of a contractor for
engineering and construction works, including design as required.

and Construction Short Contract (ECSC) – It is an alternative
to ECC when sophisticated management techniques are not required. Low risk and

Contract (SC) – Procurement of high value goods and related services,
including design.

Short Contract (SSC) – Procurement of goods under a single order or batch
order basis. Alternative to SC when sophisticated management techniques are not
required. Low risk, straightforward.



is the world’s longest settled technique for evaluating, rating, and confirming
the supportability of structures. More than 250,000 structures have been BREEAM
ensured and over a million are enrolled for accreditation – numerous in the UK
and others in more than 50 nations around the globe. BREEAM has been widely
used as a certification scheme and environmental impact assessment method for
more than two decades in the UK and worldwide.

significant engineers utilize BREEAM as an apparatus for conveying
maintainability objectives on their ventures, with occupiers of prime estate
increasingly looking to take space in buildings with ratings of “excellent” or
even “outstanding” Planning authorities consider BREEAM to be an instrument for
showing that required execution principles have been met.


Building Information Modelling (BIM)

(Business Information Modelling) is an example of technology at work within the
construction sector which adds value for the many stakeholders involved in the
delivery of large technology construction projects.

Information Modelling is the process which involves creating and using an
intelligent 3D model to inform and communicate key project decisions amongst
the stakeholder team across the project lifecycle. It helps with design, visualisation
and simulation and ultimately makes it easier for everyone to achieve project
goals. One
of the major benefits BIM
provides is that it facilitates the
collaboration with clients and stakeholders throughout the duration of the
project. It allows for better time and team management – everyone involved in
the project is so much better prepared when they arrive on site and most
discussions will take place round a table or on conference calls, whilst viewing the same picture.



Risk Management



Over the
years, many deaths have occurred in both
and deep excavations. Excavation
and groundwork has an annual
average of seven fatal accidents. Most of the time a collapse occurs when the
soil has a low bearing capacity or due to the presence of high level of water
in the soil. Many ground types are self-supporting to
some extent, but a collapse occurs without
warning, resulting in a person being buried, trapped, crushed, or struck by
a heavy mass of soil or rock.


Before works begins, a competent person should inspect the excavations. A
written report should be made after most
inspections. Work is to be stopped
the inspection shows the excavation to be unsafe.



can often be found during refurbishment, alteration and demolition projects. All
asbestos containing materials and asbestos contaminated waste must be disposed
of to an Environment Agency licensed asbestos landfill site, carried by
vehicles marked with hazardous waste signage. Asbestos materials present a risk
to health when the fibres become airborne.

main thing to do is to identify whether asbestos is present and determine its
type and condition. Then a decision is needed as to whether it is possible to
carry out the building or maintenance work, avoiding the risk of asbestos
exposure altogether. In case of presence of asbestos, an appropriate survey and
removal needs to be carried out by a competent contractor. This process can
take time and it is important that project programmes allow a realistic amount
of time for this work and also that budgets allow for realistic resources.