Fluoxetine: Mania Essay, Research Paper
& # 8220 ; Yeah, I & # 8217 ; m on Prozac, & # 8221 ; I hear rather frequently, said as if the talker had
merely received a new Porsche. I frequently do catch myself reacting with, & # 8220 ; I & # 8217 ; m on
Zoloft International Relations and Security Network & # 8217 ; t modern medical specialty great? & # 8221 ; In a manner, this exchange is a manner of
adhering. In another, more distorted manner, it is a manner of having a cast of
blessing from my equals, for antidepressants have become highly widespread and
widely accepted. & # 8220 ; Prozac & # 8230 ; has entered pop civilization & # 8230 ; going the material of
sketchs and stand-up comedy modus operandis & # 8221 ; ? and, of class, truly bad gags by
people who do non take the drug. ( Chisholm and Nichols 36 ) .
These yearss, being prescribed an antidepressant carries less stigma than
in the yesteryear. & # 8220 ; Prozac has attained the acquaintance of Kleenex and the societal
position of spring H2O & # 8221 ; ( Cowley 41 ) . Gone are the yearss when the label & # 8220 ; loony & # 8221 ;
is slapped upon a individual taking these drugs. Antidepressants have become about
every bit platitude as Tylenol. Prozac is being prescribed for much more than
clinical depression. Some of the other unwellnesss that are treatable by Prozac
include binge-eating syndrome, obsessive-compulsive upset, and dysthymic depression, which is chronic
low-grade depression. In some instances, it is even prescribed for anxiousness or low
self-pride ( Chisholm and Nichols 38 ) .
Part of the popularity of Prozac stems from worsening wellness attention. & # 8220 ; As
medical programs cut back on coverage for psychotherapeutics, says [ Dr. Robert ] Birnbaum
of Boston & # 8217 ; s Beth Israel, psychiatrists feel force per unit area merely to? medicate and
so supervise side effects & # 8217 ; & # 8221 ; ( Cowley 42 ) . General practicians, nevertheless, compose
the bulk of Prozac prescriptions. Both of these scenarios raise concerns,
as some head-shrinkers province that it can be unsafe for antidepressants to be
used without coincident psychotherapeutics Sessionss ( Chisholm and Nichols 38 ) . When
I discontinued my therapy Sessionss after two old ages, yet still continued to take
my antidepressants, I felt as if something was losing from my life. Therapy
has been a really of import portion of my intervention, and I would non hold recovered
every bit good if I had non attended regular psychotherapeutics Sessionss.
With the common usage of Prozac and other antidepressants, another
consideration arises: are these drugs going a replacement for truly get bying
with jobs? Prozac and the related antidepressants, such as Paxil and Zoloft,
are known as selective 5-hydroxytryptamine reuptake inhibitors ( SSRIs ) . They prevent
encephalon cells from re-absorbing used 5-hydroxytryptamine, which can promote the tempers and
ideas of people enduring from depression ( 37 ) . But & # 8220 ; no disease can be
blamed entirely on a 5-hydroxytryptamine instability & # 8221 ; ( Watson 86 ) . External factors and
genetic sciences frequently affect depression. As a biennial receiver of Zoloft, I
discovered that, during the class of my intervention, my interludes of depression
would return at nerve-racking times, despite the medicine. Mental unwellness besides
tallies in my household. On my male parent & # 8217 ; s side of the household, my great-grandmother
suffered from dementedness, and on the maternal subdivision of the household tree, my female parent
shows marks of dysthymic depression.
This, of class, does non intend that clinical depression is non caused by
a serotonin instability. The truth is, research workers are still looking for the
causes of emotional unwellnesss in order to plan more specific solutions ( 86 ) .
In the interim, many people are having Prozac and related
medicines for fiddling personality upsets, and a stigma remains steadfastly
attached to people with echt mental unwellness. & # 8220 ; Mental unwellness is still frequently
idea of as something you or your parents did incorrectly, & # 8221 ; which is another ground
why many patients are merely taking the medicine alternatively of besides seeing a
healer ( Marrou ) . I will readily admit that I am on Zoloft, but I normally
maintain my & # 8220 ; shrivel & # 8221 ; appointments a secret from all but my closest friends.
Of class, the dad civilization references merely function to rise the overall
disdain toward younger people on antidepressants, and the glamor of taking
them. In the recent Kids in the Hall film, & # 8220 ; we [ were ] offered a cockamamie
dystopian vision of a universe Prozaced out of its marbless & # 8221 ; ( Ansen ) . This refers to
the broad use of antidepressants to handle fiddling upsets. & # 8220 ; Happy pills for
every juncture & # 8221 ; ? physicians are still looking for the perfect manner to handle minor
personality upsets ( Chisholm and Nichols 40 ) . It seems that taking Prozac is
& # 8220 ; cool, & # 8221 ; particularly among immature people, who can turn out that they, excessively, are angst-
ridden and rich plenty to take these apparently interior decorator drugs.
Yet, where would Sylvia Plath be if she had taken an antidepressant?
True, she would be alive, but her work would non hold been so introverted or
traveling. She would besides hold been easy forgettable. Prozac is said to cut down
penetration and emotions ( Cowley 42 ) . As a receiver of Zoloft, I can certify to
that statement. My tempers have been dulled. I one time possessed a great trade of
emotions, and now merely experience two: & # 8220 ; bummed out & # 8221 ; ( somewhat depressed and extremely
cranky ) and overactive. I have besides noticed that my poesy is non as traveling
as it was when I was medication-free.
Recently, I have thought of stoping my medicine. The societal
stigma does annoy me ; after the first five Prozac gags, I stopped express joying.
That is non my ground for wanting an terminal to the medicine, nevertheless. I want to
quit because I do non experience like, well, me. I do non shout or laugh usually ; it
all seems as if I am watching person else call or laugh for me.
Technically, I am non even clinicall
Y depressed. I have been diagnosed
with dysthymic depression, a mild yet chronic signifier of depression, which I know was caused
by utmost stress several old ages ago. I continue to see a great trade of
emphasis in my life, but I would wish to larn how to get by with it alternatively of
simply starting a small xanthous pill. What happens if I lose my wellness
insurance? I would non be able to afford medicine, and would hold to larn
anyhow. As it is, my most recent healer decided that I no longer necessitate
psychotherapeutics, so why am I still taking this medicine? It has become a crutch
for me. I agree with Kurt Cobain when he sings, & # 8220 ; I & # 8217 ; m so happy/ cause today I & # 8217 ; ve
found my friends/ in my head. & # 8221 ; My ain emotions are ever better than drug-
Even the wordss by Cobain turn out merely how mainstream antidepressants have
become, even though Cobain sings about Lithium, which is used to handle manic-
depressive patients. An full computing machine bulletin board is devoted to Prozac
entirely, and eternal resources exist on the World Wide Web ( Cowley 41 ) . As we
gag about Prozac and urge it to our friends, though, it is going excessively
widespread to be ignored.
In ten old ages, we might wholly be taking some signifier of medicine to
stabilise our tempers and & # 8220 ; fine-tune the behaviour of a given individual. We may be
able to about modulate personality & # 8221 ; ( Chisholm and Nichols 40 ) . There is
something genuinely creepy about an full state walking about with what my friend
Joy calls & # 8220 ; perma-smiles, & # 8221 ; the alleged felicity found in antidepressants. Is it
even ethical to make a society where cipher feels their ain emotions? & # 8220 ; The
ultimate inquiry, presuming that the new antidepressants can safely ostracize
unpleasant feelings, is whether we truly want to be rid of them & # 8221 ; ( Cowley 42 ) .
And make we all want to be happy all the clip? If you cease to experience hurting, so
your felicity seems dulled.
More alarming is the sum of people I know that have been on some
antidepressant or another by the age of 18. It seems that normal teenage
temper swings are being diagnosed as depression, and medicine is readily
prescribed. While some experts say that & # 8220 ; treatable psychiatric jobs are far
more common than most people realize, & # 8221 ; why has medicine become so popular as a
intervention? ( 42 ) . Another friend of mine likes to cleaving to the & # 8220 ; confederacy & # 8221 ;
theory: the medicine is being used to lull us into complacence. I sometimes
admiration about this myself. Annually, Prozac & # 8217 ; s worldwide gross revenues reach about $ 1.2
billion ( 41 ) . Millions of people take some signifier of an antidepressant ( Marrou ) .
It is ill, in a manner.
Still, physicians and patients likewise have nil but congratulations for these
drugs that make handling a debilitating unwellness so much easier ( Chisholm and
Nichols 36 ) . The side effects are fewer than the older antidepressants, and
they do non last that long. I experienced merely three yearss of sickness,
GI jobs, and a dry oral cavity when I foremost started taking Zoloft.
Now I experience no side effects. The absence of these side effects seems to
contribute to the popularity of the drugs. After all, who would desire to take a
pill that makes them ill, particularly if the individual is merely sing anxiousness
or little depression?
This all contributes to the full civilization behind Prozac and other
antidepressants. The civilization that I have observed extends from successful
pupils to clove-smoking, sour-faced poets sitting in upbeat cafes.
Antidepressants have become drugs for everyone, the & # 8220 ; feel-good & # 8221 ; drugs of the
1890ss, it seems.
Yet the broad use of Prozac raises another, more of import concern.
Prozac may hold many unanticipated effects, and is being compared to Valium,
which was on the market for 10 old ages before physicians discovered merely how
habit-forming it was in the mid-1970s. Some say that Prozac has become the Diazepam
of the 1890ss ( 38 ) . Since its release in 1988 by Eli Lilly and Co. of
Indianapolis, it has been prescribed to legion patients. But what side
effects and dangers will we detect in the hereafter? Apparently, persons
taking Prozac are guinea hogs.
The glamor of antidepressants slices when factors such as possible side
or after-effects, dulled emotions, and the necessity of therapy is taken into
consideration. However, the usage of Prozac will go on merely every bit strongly as
of all time. Doctors will go on to medicate patients for every bit long as wellness programs
cut back psychotherapy benefits. The pop civilization mentions will stay steadfastly
in topographic point as more people begin to take Prozac, including the unfunny gags. And
where will we be in 10 old ages? Hopefully, we will non be diagnosed with malignant neoplastic disease
or some other antidepressant-induced unwellness. For some ground, I doubt we will
be jesting approximately that every bit liberally as we do our antidepressants.
Ansen, David. & # 8220 ; Kids in the Hall Send Up Our Prozac Culture. & # 8221 ; Newsweek: America
Online ( keyword: newsweek ) 22 April 1996. Chisholm, Patricia and Nichols, Mark.
& # 8220 ; Questioning Prozac. & # 8221 ; Maclean & # 8217 ; s 23 May 1994: 36-40. Cobain, Kurt. & # 8220 ; Lithium. & # 8221 ;
Nevermind. Nirvana. Virgin Songs, Inc. and The David Geffen Company, Track 5,
1991. Cowley, Geoffrey. & # 8220 ; The Culture of Prozac. & # 8221 ; Newsweek: America Online
( keyword: newsweek ) 7 February 1994: 41-42. Marrou, Chris. & # 8220 ; I hope that one twenty-four hours
mental unwellness will be as openly accepted as any physical disability. & # 8221 ;
Newsweek Online 24 June 1996. Watson, Traci. & # 8220 ; Ode to a dulcet
encephalon molecule. & # 8221 ; U.S. News & A ; World Report 25 November 1996: 86.