Racism Debate Essay, Research Paper
By M. Odeh
There is a major statement among literary critics whether The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, by Mark Twain, is, or is non a racialist novel. The inquiry comes down to the word picture of Jim, the black slave, and to the manner Huck and the other characters treat him. The usage of the word & # 8220 ; nigger & # 8221 ; is a chief point raised by many critics, who feel that Twain uses the word excessively much and excessively slackly.
Although Mark Twain ne’er presents Jim in a wholly negative visible radiation, he is non considered a true equal. He does non demo him as a rummy, as a average individual or as a darnel. This is in contrast to the manner Huck & # 8217 ; s ( white ) male parent is depicted, whom is described utilizing the all of the above word pictures.
He is nevertheless, really na? ve and superstitious. This may be taken to connote that all inkinesss have these qualities. When Jim turns to his thaumaturgy hair ball for replies about the hereafter, we see that he does believe in some foolish things. However, both Whites and inkinesss for replies to what the hereafter holds would see him. This word picture of Jim is non negative in the sense that Jim is stupid or inferior, and in this facet of the narrative there is no clear racism.
It is necessary to analyse the manner the white characters dainty Jim throughout the book. In the South during that period, black people were treated less than homo, and Twain needed to portray this. A few illustrations of Jim being denigrated were his being locked up, holding to conceal his face in the daylight and how he is by and large derided. It is mentioned in the novel that the writer did non needfully O.K. of the manner Jim was treated, but that it was necessary for historical truth.
Huck, nevertheless, does non handle Jim the manner most of the white characters did though. Huck looks at Jim as a friend, and by the terminal of their journey disagrees that inkinesss are inferior. There are two chief illustrations of this in the narrative. The first 1 is where Huck is disgusted by Jim & # 8217 ; s programs to steal his ain kids, who are & # 8220 ; person else & # 8217 ; s property. & # 8221 ; While Huck is still racialist here, Twain has written the scene in a manner that ridicules the impression that person & # 8217 ; s kids can really be the belongings of a alien merely because the male parent is black. The 2nd illustration is where Huck does non state the whereabouts of Jim, which would return Jim to slavery. He alternatively makes the pick of & # 8220 ; traveling to Hell & # 8221 ; in order to maintain his new friends freedom a secret.
The more obvious illustration that supports the impression that the novel is racialist is the changeless usage of the word & # 8220 ; nigger. & # 8221 ; This is non a good ground because this is how inkinesss were referred to during that clip in history. To utilize the word African-American would hold taken off from the narrative & # 8217 ; s impact. & lt ;
On a superficial degree Huck might look racialist. The first clip the reader meets Jim ; he is given a really negative description. The reader is told that Jim is illiterate, childlike, non really bright, and really superstitious. However it is really of import to recognize who is giving this description and of whom it is being given to. Although Huck is non a racialist kid, he has been raised by an highly persons who have, even if subconsciously, ingrained some feelings of dogmatism into his head. It is besides of import to maintain in head that inkinesss at the clip were non permitted any signifier of formal instruction, were ne’er allowed independent idea and were invariably maltreated and abused. Couple is simply portraying by the manner of Jim, a really realistic slave raised in the South during that period. To state that Twain was racist because of his desire for historical truth is absurd.
Despite the few incidences in which Jim & # 8217 ; s description might be misconstructed as racialist, there are many points in the novel where Twain through Huck, voices his utmost resistance to the slave trade and racism. In chapter six, Huck & # 8217 ; s father fierily objects to the authoritiess allowing of right to vote to an educated black professor. Couple wants the reader to see the absurdness in this statement. Huck & # 8217 ; s father believes that he is superior to this black professor based on the colour of his tegument.
In chapter fifteen the reader is told of an incident, which contradicts the original & # 8220 ; childlike & # 8221 ; description of Jim. Throughout the chapter the reader is presented Jim as a really lovingness and male parent like image that is becomes disquieted when he loses Huck in the deep fog. Couple is indicating out the connexion, which has been made between Jim and Huck. A connexion, which does non be between a adult male and his belongings. When Huck foremost meets Jim on the Island he makes a monumental determination, non to turn Jim in. Two opposing forces, the force of society, and the force of friendship confront him.
Many times throughout the fresh Huck comes really close to apologizing Jim & # 8217 ; s bondage. However, he is ne’er able to see a ground why this adult male who has become one of his lone friends should be a slave. Through this internal battle, Twain expresses his sentiments on the absurdness of bondage and the importance of following one & # 8217 ; s personal scruples before the Torahs of society. By the terminal of the novel, Huck and the reader come to understand that Jim is non person & # 8217 ; s belongings and an inferior adult male, but an equal.
Throughout the fresh society & # 8217 ; s voice is heard through Huck. The racialist and hateful disdain, which existed now. Twain brings into the unfastened the ugliness of society and causes the reader to dispute the original description of Jim. In a elusive mode, he creates non an apology for bondage but a challenge to it.