Ram Mohan Roy was born in an rich household in the 1774. He is besides known as ‘The Father of the Bengal Renaissance’ . As a pupil he studied Persian. Arabic and Sanskrit linguistic communications. In his young person he had differences with his male parent about his spiritual positions. He finally came to Varanashi and expectedly studied the English linguistic communication. His male parent died in 1803 and the same twelvemonth he published his first book `Tohfat-ul-Mohiddin` in which he criticized idol worship and declared that all faiths had full religion in one God. From 1805 to 1814 he served an English concern. which managed the Zamindari system on behalf of the District Collectors. Social Reforms of Raja Ram Mohan Roy
He besides worked as a Social Reformer. He rejected the barriers of caste divisions and stood Forth as the high priest of Universalism and Love. The best illustration of his life-long campaign against societal immoralities was the historic agitation he organized against the cold usage of adult females going Sati. When the Orthodox Hindus petitioned to Parliament to keep back its blessing of Bentinck`s action of censoring the rite of Sati. he organized a counter-petition of enlightened Hindus in favor of Bentinck`s action. He was a title-holder of women`s rights. He attacked polygamy and the debauched province to which widows were frequently reduced. To raise the position of adult females he demanded that they be given the right of heritage and belongings.
Social reforms of Ram Mohan Roy have had a immense impact in the Indian society over the past century. In 1815 he founded the Atmiya Sabha. In 1819 he defeated a great bookman named Subrahmanya Sastri on the inquiry of idol worship. Since so the Christian missionaries extended their full support to Ram Mohan Roy. In 1821 William Adam. a Christian missionary began to hold faith in the integrity of single and cosmopolitan psyche. William Adam had close contact with Ram Mohan Roy and he founded the Calcutta Unitarian Committee. Since so the Christian Missionaries parted company from Ram Mohuna and they did non hold with the philosophy of Advaita of which Ram Mohan was a great advocator.
Religious Reforms of Raja Ram Mohan Roy
Religious reforms of Raja Ram Mohan Roy have helped India as a state to acquire rid of many spiritual superstitious notions. His Religious and Philosophic Ideas were slightly different. He smartly opposed worship of graven images and prevalence of meaningless spiritual rites. He held that all the sacred books of the Hindus preached worship of one God. Harmonizing to him human ground was the concluding criterion of truth of any philosophy. It can be Eastern or Western. He believed that the doctrine of Vedanta was based on ground. He did non restrict his application of the rational attack to Indian faiths and the traditions entirely. He insisted on using this rational attack to Christianity every bit good. He did non accept the elements of blind religion even in Christianity. This earned for him the ill will of the Christian missionaries. He smartly defended Hindu faith and doctrine from the nescient onslaughts of Christian missionaries. He believed that fundamentally all faiths preach a common message. He represented a synthesis of the idea of the East and the West.
Educational reforms of Ram Mohan Roy
Positions of Ram Mohan on Education was really clear and modern. He was in favor of modern instruction and provided wholehearted co-operation to David Hare when the latter founded the celebrated Hindu College at Kolkata. He besides maintained at his ain cost an English School in Kolkata from 1817. Through his interlingual renditions. booklets and diaries he helped germinate a modern and elegant prose manner for Bengali.
Ram Mohan was a public Agitator on Political Questions. and condemned the oppressive patterns of the Bengal Zamindars. that had reduced the provincials to a suffering status. He demanded that the maximal rents paid by the existent agriculturists of land should be for good fixed so that they excessively would bask the benefits of Permanent Settlement of 1793. He demanded the abolishment of the British East India Company`s trading rights and the remotion of heavy export responsibilities on Indian goods. He besides raised the demands of Indianisation of the superior services. separation of the executive and the bench. test by jury and judicial equality between Indians and Europeans.
Raja Ram Mohan Roy can be called as the first great leader of modern India. Rabindranath Tagore has justly remarked “Ram Mohan was the lone individual in his clip. in the whole universe of adult male. to recognize wholly the significance of the Modern Age. He knew that the ideal of human civilisation does non lie in the isolation of independency. but in the brotherhood of mutuality of persons every bit good as states in all domains of idea and activity. ” Everywhere he supported the cause of autonomy. democracy and patriotism and opposed unfairness. subjugation and dictatorship in every signifier. All his life he fought against societal unfairness and inequality even at great personal loss and adversity. In his life of service to society he frequently clashed with members of his household. with rich zamindars and powerful missionaries and with high functionaries and foreign governments as good. Yet he ne’er showed fear nor shrank from his chosen class. It was Ram Mohan Roy who heralded the New Age. but he ne’er wholly rejected the old.