Rhetoric Terrorism I After researching the topic of terrorism and it’s influence on 14th Congressional District of Pennsylvania, the concluding results are that the Congressman representing the County, as well as the pundits within it, are all ill informed of the conflicts at hand. In her article Al Qaeda, Terrorism, and Military Commissions’, Ruth Wedgwood proves that though most American citizens consider terrorism to be a federal and national problem, it is very much a local one. Al Qaeda’s published doctrine maintains that there are no innocent civilians in Western society (Wedgwood, pg2)… She later goes on to analyze the psychological foundation they use to form their tenet. She says,…this tenet leads it to [committing] the gravest of international crime[s] (Wedgwood, pg2). The findings in the research show that Doyle’s politics tend to be more based on the national position of the Democratic Party and less on the concerns of his pundits (candidate’s criteria provided by http://www.pamunicipalitiesinfo.com/).
The Carnegie Mellon is a media relations news group. In a press release they published on April 9, 2002, in Pittsburgh, they released the results of a study taken of 1,000 citizens. The study measured the citizen’s emotional state post 9/11. The results of the study are as follows:The Carnegie Mellon team drew four major conclusions from the study:Americans who experience anger are more optimistic about the future, less likely to take precautionary actions, and are more likely to favor aggressive policy responses than those who experience fear.Individuals see themselves as less vulnerable than the “average American,” while still perceiving strikingly high personal risk in the wake of September 11.
Men experience more anger about terrorism than women, leading them to be more optimistic than women.Media portrayals of the terrorist attacks strongly influence emotional responses, producing anger in some instances and fear in others.(Thomas, 2002)Despite the fact that this research was carried out in Pittsburgh, and Doyle is fully aware of this press release, public record doesn’t appear to give him too much credit for responding to this census. His people are genuinely concerned for their safety; and as Wedgwood shows, their fear is within reason. In warfare, the principle of distinction requires that civilians never be singled out as targets.
Yet Al Qaeda deliberately timed its hijackings to attack the World Trade Center in New York City during the morning rush hour…(Wedgwood, pg2). The filtering of this national information from the public could, in part, be due to the Congressman’s knowledge of what is at stake. As stated in Wedgwood’s article, one could plausibly argue that the fabric of American liberalism and democracy would be irreparably coarsened if government proves unable to provide a reasonable guarantee of life and safety to it’s citizens (Wedgwood, pg3).In his address to the pundits of Allegheny County, on his stance on terrorism, Congressman Doyle clearly states views opposed to the war on Iraq. His testament takes on a second persona with an underlying message of indiscriminate understanding for Muslim residence within the county. Though he is intensely devout, with his feelings of opposition against the Bush Administration, he does a good job of justifying his spite within a rationale that appears positive for the common good of America.… For starters, we need to avoid turning our Muslim friends and allies into enemies by violating their civil rights here in the United States and by invading Muslim countries abroad with little or no justification (Doyle). Doyle acknowledges that a number of his pundits may very well be Muslim Americans.
He provides all his citizens with an immediate and rational perspective, which can improve the social quality of the county, and at the same time contribute to the war on terror. The second persona present in this statement is the idea of social understanding. He knows there are still deeply rooted hard felt feelings against terrorists in his county, since Allegheny had such a close correlation to the attacks on 9/11. But, because his pundits are mostly Democrats, and the rest are mostly Green, he has no qualms about making negative statements against the Republican Bush Administration, when addressing his pundits.I believe that the Bush Administration made another serious misstep when it authorized inhumane and unusual interrogation tactics for terrorist suspects…It’s a harsh irony that most intelligence experts believe that torture and other questionable interrogation tactics usually produce inaccurate information (Doyle). He mentions bringing countries together to oppose this threat and promote internationalism. He presents the Bush Administration as inhumane and impractical with their methods. And, most importantly, he never truly addresses any specific actions he believes should be used to end terrorism.
In the Pittsburgh Jewish Chronicle, Susan Jacobs cited Doyle when he took a congressional stance in support of Israel. “It’s a statement of the country, said Doyle. “It sends a message to the rest of the world.
We’re going to stand by Israel and support their right to defend themselves” (Jacobs, pg 4). His shows here the diverse array of his politics on terrorism. Though this is not a topic immediately pertaining to the people of Allegheny, it does pertain to his stance on terrorism. His views on Israel, along with his unprejudiced views towards Muslims, create the moral perception that he is a proponent for piece and equality. This is an optimism, during a trying time, that Doyle undoubtedly hopes will become contagious amongst his pundits.II.
The 14th District, otherwise known as Allegheny County, was estimated to have a population of 1,235,841 residents in 2005. This is a 3.6% drop from the census taken in the year 2000. In 2004, females made up 52.
4% of the population; whites made up 83.7%, blacks 13.0%, Asians 2.1%, and Hispanics made up 1% of the population. 10.8% of the Allegheny County population were rated as impoverished in 2003. (All statistics were provided by the U.S.
Census Bureau at http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/42/42003.
html)In Ervin Milton’s article in the New Pittsburgh Courier, he presents a major concern that does potentially affect the fight against terrorism. He cites many citizens of the district who feel the local heroes of Alleghany County should be celebrated more while they are living, than only after they’ve died. If Doyle produces more grants and benefits to honor the heroes of the County, instead of the Steel Mills, it might motivate more citizens to join the cause, and uplift the morale within their county security (this is the main idea Milton presents in his article pg A7). If the public knows their heroes are being honored, and proud of their work, homeland attacks are less likely to occur.Another local concern is the quality of the health facilities. In the Allegheny County news letter, Kevin Evanto published an article on the new 20 million dollar Crime lab and Bio-safety level 3 Microbiology Crime Lab being built.
Evanto cites the Allegheny County Chief Executive Dan Onorato’s interpretation of what he is accomplishing, “Public health is one of the paramount duties of county government,” Onorato said. “While some health department facilities are in need of cosmetic and minor repairs, I would like to assure the residents of Allegheny County that the quality of public health services remains high (Evanto).” This is a very positive factor for the county in the fight against terror, and will serve them well in case of a major biological attack.
The American Institute of Medicine has a new release they publish, every so often, called In Summary; in which, they sum up all the new advancements in medical technology. In their article on, Chemical and Biological Terrorism: Research and Development to Improve Civilian Medical Response, the institute talks about the service it has been carrying out for the O.E.
P. (Office of Emergency Preparedness). In the report the institute admits to collecting and rating potential biological threats, assessing those that can be protected against and then providing recommendations for further research, on those from which we have yet to find protection. This serves as assuring information for Allegheny citizens, who are well aware of the potential threat.
In his article, Environmental Terrorism Analyzing the Concept, Daniel M. Schwartz discusses the value of the environment and its connection to terrorist acts. Referring to the 1991 Gulf War, he mentions when the Iraqis forced two major oil spills in the Gulf waters, and when Saddam detonated 1250 oil wells (Schwartz, p.484). His article notes the self sacrificing depths both Saddam and Al Qaeda will go to in order to meet their goals. It is common knowledge that oil is hazardous enough to our environment, even when not being used as a weapon.
III. The back history of America’s conflict with Al Qaeda began in 1990. The CRS report, published February 4, 2005, describes in detail all of the actions and statements made by Al Qaeda, as well as the ideology fueling it. The report cites Al Qaeda’s general in command Ayman Al Zawahiri, 2nd only to Ben Laden, on January 30, 2005, when he declared Al Qaeda’s three main principles. The three foundations of Al Qaeda being: The Quran-Based Authority to Govern, The Liberation of the Homelands, and The Liberation of the Human Being, they all cited their necessary origin from an undeniable clash of cultural differences (CRS-6-7).
All rhetoric released to the public by both Zarqawi and Laden tend to be of this same consistency. In 2004, Zarqawi referred to Democracy as a rival religion, and then made the statement, we shall not accept the rule of anyone but of God and His Prophet [Mohammed] (CRS-10). The moral perception they are getting across, more so to their fellow members of Al Qaeda, is that they are proponents of religious right and victims of injustice.The CRS reports are open to public access online. American citizens who take the initiative to look them up can inform themselves of the actions being taken against terrorism. It’s documented in the report, that this is one of the only ways to relay information about the conflict with Al Qaeda to the public because the government believes Ben Laden is sneaking commands for further attacks to other Al Qaeda members in his video messages. This is explains why very few of Ben Laden’s video clips are shown on the news, and why they are usually cut so short.In his article, Environmental Terrorism Analyzing the Concept, Daniel M.
Schwartz discusses the value of the environment and its connection to terrorist acts. Referring to the 1991 Gulf War, he mentions when the Iraqis forced two major oil spills in the Gulf waters, and when Saddam detonated 1250 oil wells (Schwartz, p.484). His article notes the self sacrificing depths both Saddam and Al Qaeda will go to in order to meet their goals. It is common knowledge that oil is hazardous enough to our environment, even when not being used as a weapon.IV. The key ideas we know aren’t getting out to the public of this district, are the immediate individual ways in which the public can confront terrorism, the legislation the congressman is passing to prevent local terrorism, and the environmental precautions the congressman is taking to ensure the safety of his county’s residence.
Americans also believe the dealings with Al Qaeda are as simple as, catch Ben Laden and convict him, but there is a lot of bureaucracy in between. In his article, Missing Links: Al Qaeda, the NGO, Moisés Naím breaks down the legal complication of America’s dealings with Al Qaeda, pointing out a complex array of litigation that keeps trying terrorist from being cut and dry. His article proves there are many concepts it might be in the publics bet interests not to know.
As proved by Doyle’s views cited from his address, currently his politics on terrorism aren’t informed enough for him to be informative. But, Missing Links: Al Qaeda, the NGO, proves there is a fine line between where is at and where he needs to be.V. In light of the research reviewing terrorism, and its immediate correlation to the citizens of Allegheny county, it is undeniably evident their congressman lacks the necessary rationale to address his pundit’s concerns. The rhetorical argument that should be posed is the ideal of rising to the threat. Doyle must incite a desire in his pundits to want to know. September 11th was proof that our American government has weaknesses in its security, and the war, that our government lacks necessary judgment; but it is our civic duty as American citizens, whether residing in Allegheny county, or somewhere else, to not only stand fearless in the face of this threat, but to take it upon ourselves to know the factors weighing our safety (Rhetoric). Information that is not common knowledge, like the health facilities being built in case of biological attacks (previously mentioned), and his position with the legislature on Abu Ghraib, need to be delivered to the people.
Showing that he is compassionate for the Muslims to feel equal within Democracy, but also that he refuses to let Allegheny harbor rebels is the perfect position for Doyle. If he does this, the second persona he will embody will be that of a humanitarian statesmen who cares about equality, but also the safety of his pundits. Works CitedAldrich, Georgee H. “The Taliban, Al Qaeda, and the Determination of Illegal Combatants.” The American Journal of INternational Law 96.4 (2002): 891-898. Jstor. 18 Dec.
2006.”Allegheny News.” 18 Dec. 2006 <http://www.county.allegheny.
pa.us/news/2005/250824a.asp>.Blanchard, Christopher M.
United States. CRS Reports Middle Eastern Affairs Foreign Affairs, Defense, and Trade Division. Congress. Al Qaeda Statements and Evolving Idealogoy. 4 Feb. 2005. 20 Dec. 2006 <http://www.
New Pittsburgh Courier. (City Edition). Pittsburgh, Pa.: Oct 4-Oct 10, 2006.Vol.97, Iss. 40; pg.
A7, 1 pgsKaramcheti, Deepak, Toler, Sonya M.. New Pittsburgh Courier. (City Edition).Pittsburgh, Pa.
: Oct 31, 1998.Vol.89, Iss. 87; pg. A8″Municipalities Info.
” 17 Dec. 2006 <http://www.pamunicipalitiesinfo.com/>.
Naim, Moises. “Missing Links: Al Quaeda, the NGO.” Foreign Policy 129 (2002): 99-100.”Pennsylvania’s 14th congressional district.
” Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. 9 Nov 2006, 05:48 UTC. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.
17 Dec 2006 <http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.
php?title=Pennsylvania%27s_14th_congressional_district&oldid=86659869″Quick Facts Census.” Federal Census. 17 Dec. 2006 <http://quickfacts.
“The Security Council’s Efforts to Monitor the Implementation of Al Qaeda/Taliban Sanctions.” The American Journal of International Law 98.4 (2004): 745-763. 16 Dec. 2006.Schwartz, Daniel M. “Environmental Terrorism: Analyzing the Concept.
” Journal of Peace Research 35.4 (1998): 483-496.Thomas, Teresa S.
“National Experiment Conducted by Carnegie Mellon Scientists Reveals Impact of Fear, Anger on American Perceptions of Terrorism.” Carnegie Mellon Media Relations. 9 Apr. 2002. 20 Dec. 2006 <http://www.
“Al Qaeda, Terrorism, and Military Commissions (in Agora: Military Commissions)A.” The American Journal of International Law 96.2 (2002): 328-337. 18 Dec.