, Research PaperThis essay will analyse the differences and the similarities between Shakespeares Romeo and Juliet and A Midsummer Night & # 8217 ; s Dream. First nevertheless, the peculiar features and elements of the tragic and amusing genres must be discussed. A Shakespearian calamity frequently involves the decease of the supporter. In comparing, in Aristotle & # 8217 ; s Poetics, a calamity requires that the hero must oppose some conflicting internal or external force. A calamity in the Elizabethan theater frequently included the secret plan subject of good being eroded as it attempts to conflict and extinguish some from of immorality.
A Shakespearian comedy is defined as a drama that ends merrily for the supporter. The romantic comedy was normally based on a confusion of events or the baffled individuality of characters, peculiarly by camouflage. The secret plan will normally follow a full circle. It begins with felicity that is followed with dispair but concludes with the reemergence of joy.
Frequently, a romantic comedy will look as though it is come oning towards a climatic tragic event. For case, it may look as an of import character will be killed or that a frustrating secret plan confusion might ne’er be unraveled. What distinguishes a comedy from a calamity nevertheless, is that in a comedy these events are prevented from go oning through the actions of person or something. When discoursing a Shakespearian drama, it is of import to recognize that there are normally two secret plans within the drama. One being the chief secret plan and the 2nd being the subplot. Shakespeare, most frequently, used the subplot to reflect the chief secret plan.
This is apparent in both A Midsummer Night & # 8217 ; s Dream and Romeo and Juliet. In the first drama, Shakespeare used the town workingmans ( Bottom, Quince, Flute, Snout, Snug and Starveling ) as the subplot to uncover the blatant temper within in the drama, while he used the four mixed-up lovers ( Hermia, Helena, Demetrius and Lysander ) , as the chief secret plan. Similarly the disputing retainers of the Capulate and Montague households as the subplot to reflect upon the hate between the two households that is moving as a barrier to the supporters relationship, and Romeo and Juliet as the chief secret plan in Romeo and Juliet.
There are a figure of similarities, every bit good as differences between Shakespeare & # 8217 ; s A Midsummer Night & # 8217 ; s Dream and Romeo and Juliet, that reveal the nature of the tragic and amusing genres.As a calamity, both dramas have immature twosomes who are in love with each other who are unable to get married each other. It is the forces of the female supporter & # 8217 ; s father that does non let these immature twosomes to foster their relationships into matrimony. Alternatively, in both dramas, the male parents have chosen another adult male for their girl s to get married. In both dramas, this state of affairs becomes present comparatively early into the drama, within in the first Act, and acts as a boding tool to warn the audience of an approaching calamity. Further on in both dramas there are scenes of confusion. In A Midsummer Night & # 8217 ; s Dream, this confusion takes topographic point in Act three scene two, when Demetrius and Lysander go off to contend over Helena of whom neither Demetrius nor Lysander loved at the beginning of the drama. Like wise, in Romeo and Juliet, this confusion arises when Romeo does non have the message from Friar Lawrence sing his and Juliet & # 8217 ; s plaN, and subsequently ends up in the decease of both Romeo and Juliet.
This sense of confusion and the events derived from this confusion is apparent of a typical calamity whereby the good is wasted seeking to throw out the immorality.In comparing the two dramas, Romeo and Juliet is more of a romantic calamity than A Midsummer Night & # 8217 ; s Dream. Romeo and Juliet follow the lineation of a authoritative calamity whereby the supporters die. Although there was a few amusing minutes within the drama, the few humourous minutes that did be in the narrative did non take away from the emotional tone that was portrayed in this drama. The subject of this calamity is that of passionate love, the love that will get the better of hatred, but non before the immature love between the two supporters is destroyed by old hatred, being the hatred of each others households. Again, this secret plan is strong grounds of the tragic genre, in the sense that good is wasted in the procedure of extinguishing the immorality. In regard to the amusing genre, one may believe that Romeo and Juliet lacked most qualities of a typical romantic comedy.
The lone Acts of the Apostless of temper came from the two households & # 8217 ; retainers in the signifier of wordplay. This is apparent when Mercutio recites a transition utilizing a figure of wordplaies, to depict what Romeo may be making in his melancholy province. Now he will sit under a medlar tree And wish his kept woman was that sort of fruitAs amahs call Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval Systems when they laugh alone.O, Romeo, that she were, O, that she wereAn open-arse, and thou a poppering pear! ( Romeo and Juliet.II.
ii.35-39 ) A Midsummer Night & # 8217 ; s Dream, nevertheless, has all of the qualities of a romantic comedy described earlier. The drama includes an Act were the supporters are involved in a confusion. In this Act, Hermia, Helena, Lysander and Demetrius are in the forests outside of Athens.
Oberon, the King of Fairies musca volitanss Helena and Demetrius while they are reasoning. Oberon observes that Demetrius is non interested in Helena, who is profoundly in love with Demetrius. Oberon sends Puck, a arch but really amusing hob to put a charming love potion on the palpebras of Demetrius while he is kiping. The love potion is to do Demetrius autumn in love with the first individual he sees when he wakes, which is planned to be Helena. Puck goes out to carry through Oberons orders, and alternatively of puting the potion on Demetrius, the adult male with the & # 8221 ; Athenian garments he hath on. & # 8221 ; ( Romeo and Juliet.
I.i.264 ) , Lysander receives the potion on his eyes. When Lysander awakes, the first individual he sees is Helena. This mix-up leads to Lysander and Demetrius, whom receives the same potion shortly after Oberon and Puck recognize what had happened, falling in love with Helena.
This drama besides involves a province of baffled individuality, another trait of the amusing genre. Bottom, one of the workingmans, had his caput transform into that of an Asses. In the terminal, Oberon and Puck fix the muss they created. Helena and Demetrius autumn in love, Lysander and Hermia marry, and Bottom gets his human caput back.
Happiness, dispair, and Resurrection, the way of a Romantic comedy.Both Romeo and Juliet and A Midsummer Nights Dream, portion similarities of a amusing and tragic love affair. But each is the prototype of one of the genres. Romeo and Juliet, holding all of the qualities of a tragic genre, and A Midsummer Nights Dream a mirror image of the amusing genre.