Sam Houston Essay, Research Paper
Sam Houston was as legend studies a large adult male about six pes and six inches tall. He was an exciting historical figure and war hero who was involved with much of the early development of our state and Texas. He was a soldier, attorney, politician, man of affairs, and household adult male, whose name will be synonymous with state heroes who played a critical portion in the defining of a immature and comfortable state. He admired and supported the Native Americans who took him in and adopted him into their civilization to assist bridge the spread between the authorities and a baronial disregarded race. Sam Houston succeeded in many functions he donned as a adult male, but the one most remembered is the 1 of a true American hero.
On March 2, 1793, Samuel Houston was born to Major Sam Houston and Elizabeth Paxton Houston. He was the fifth of nine kids. Born at Timber Ridge, Rockbridge County, in the Shenandoah Valley. At the age of 13, his male parent, Major Sam Houston, died all of a sudden at Dennis Callighan & # 8217 ; s Tavern near contemporary Callaghan, Virginia in Alleghany County, 40 stat mis west of Timber Ridge while on reserves reviews. Mrs. Elizabeth Houston took her nine kids to a farm on Baker Creek in Tennessee. Samuel was unhappy with agriculture and storekeeping, so he ran off from place to populate with the Cherokees on Hiwasee Island in the Tennessee River near contemporary Dayton, Tennessee. At the age of 17, Sam returned to his household for a short period of clip and so returned back to the Cherokees where, he was adopted by Chief Oo-Loo-Te-Ka and given the Indian name, & # 8220 ; The Raven. & # 8221 ; Two old ages subsequently, Sam returned to Maryville, Tennessee, where he opened a successful private school.
On his 20th birthday Sam Houston enlisted in the regular ground forces as a private. Within the twelvemonth, he was promoted to Third Lieutenant to the 39th Infantry Regiment where Houston was severely wounded twice at The Battle of Horseshoe Bend during the War of 1812. The conflict took topographic point on the Tallapoosa River near contemporary Alexander City, Alabama. His bravery in combat caught the attending of General Andrew Jackson who promoted him to Second Lieutenant. In 1816 Houston was named an Indian sub-agent in Tennessee and shortly after was promoted to First Lieutenant. Houston led a deputation of Cherokees to Washington, D.C. to run into with Secretary of War John C. Calhoun and President James Monroe. While at that place, he was reprimanded by Secretary Calhoun for have oning Indian frock. Houston was a strong advocator for Native American rights. Surprisingly, Houston resigned his committee in the ground forces over false accusals refering his engagement in slave trading.
Houston studied jurisprudence in Judge James Trimble & # 8217 ; s jurisprudence office in Nashville, Tennessee. Six months subsequently he passed the saloon and started a jurisprudence pattern in Lebanon, Tennessee where he was appointed Adjutant General of the province of Tennessee, with the military rank of Colonel. Next, he was nominated and won the office of Attorney General of the Nashville District in Tennessee. Sam subsequently resigned to return to private jurisprudence pattern, but was shortly elected by his fellow officers to the place of Major General in the Tennessee province reserves. He had a history of resiling back and Forth between political relations and the military. Nominated by Andrew Jackson & # 8217 ; s Democratic Party for the U.S. House of Representatives, Houston won the election by acquiring 100 % of the ballots. Not uncommon for politicians in the clip period, Sam Houston severely wounded General William A. White in a affaire d’honneur fought 6 stat mis south of Franklin, Kentucky. Soon after, in 1827 Sam was elected Governor of Tennessee, replacing two-term Governor William Carrol. Two old ages subsequently he married his first married woman, Eliza Allen, an 18-year-old girl of a plantation proprietor. Within two hebdomads of his matrimony, Houston was announced as a campaigner for re-election as Governor of Tennessee. Sam separated from his married woman Eliza after less than four months of matrimony. One hebdomad subsequently he resigned as Governor of Tennessee and departed from Nashville on the steamboat Red River on the Cumberland River.
Known for his passion for Native Americans, Houston was reunited with his adopted Indian male parent, Chief Oolooteka ( John Jolly ) on the Arkansas River across from Illinois. Shortly after, he attended a green maize dance and talk at Maynard Bayou, in the Cherokee state, as John Jolly & # 8217 ; s representative. Houston became a Cherokee citizen by admittance missive issued at Tahlontuskee, Indian Territory and left for Washington to stand for the Cherokee Nation where he was enthusiastically received by Andrew Jackson at a response for the Diplomatic Corps. Houston besides was slightly of a author. His first newspaper column was written to support the place of Indians and was published in The Arkansas Gazette under the name Tah-lohn-tusky. It was at this clip he married a Native American named Tiana Rogers ( 2nd married woman ) in a Cherokee Indian ceremonial.
Sam Houston was an ambitious man of affairs besides. He and several of his associates purchased the Grand Saline and the land environing it from the Osage kids of A.P. Chouteau. Houston sold a & # 8220 ; 3rd involvement & # 8221 ; in his purchase of the Grand Saline for $ 6,500. Houston returns to Baker County, Tennessee and was at his female parent & # 8217 ; s side when she dies. Sam Houston went to Washington, D.C. and wrote to William Stanbery, inquiring for an account of deceitful comments made by the Congressman. Houston met Stanbery in Washington, D.C. and He beat Stanbery with a cane. The instance of Sam Houston went before the House of Representatives. Francis Scott Key was hired as lawyer. Houston addressed the House of Representatives on his ain behalf. He was later reprimanded by the House for the Stanbery caneing. Sam returned to south and went The Hermitage in Nashville, Tennessee to run into with Andrew Jackson who was said to hold given or loaned money to Houston to travel to Texas ( Tiana and Sam Houston & # 8220 ; divided the cover & # 8221 ; in 1832 when he left the Wigwam Neosho, their trading station place, to travel to Texas. ) This is where Sam Houston & # 8217 ; s application for caput rights in the Texas settlement & # 8220 ; with the object of geting lands for set uping myself & # 8221 ; was approved by Stephen F. Austin. Houston was in Natchitoches, Louisiana, where he wrote a study to Andrew Jackson about chances for Texas. Sam was a delegate from Nacogdoches to the Second Convention who called for the province of Texas to be separated from Coahuila. Stephen F. Austin took the petition to Mexico City, where he was imprisoned.
Houston returned to jurisprudence and put up his pattern in Nacogdoches where he joined the Roman Catholic Church as required by Mexican jurisprudence. Houston returned east, to Washington, D.C. and so New York City, to run into with his legal client, The Galveston Bay and Texas Land Company. Houston was shortly named Commander-in-Chief by the Nacogdoches & # 8220 ; Committee of Vigilance. & # 8221 ; The Texas Provisional Government, on the gesture of Merriweather W. Smith, named Sam Houston a Major General in the Texas Army. On January 14, 1836, Houston addresses his military personnels at Goliad and orders Jim Bowie to return to San Antonio and blow up the Alamo.
Houston was granted a furlough from the ground forces to go to an Indian parlay. There he met with Chief Bowl to set up a pact that would protect both the Cherokee and white occupants of northern Texas. He celebrated his forty-third birthday as Texas declared its independency from Mexico and was appointed Major General of the Army of the Republic of Texas & # 8211 ; regular, voluntary, and reserves. He was to take immediate bid and form the ground forces. Houston reached Gonzales where he learned that the Alamo had fallen and all of the guardians were killed. His retreat from Gonzales, known as the & # 8220 ; Runaway Scrape & # 8221 ; , moved eastward in a zigzagging form. Houston & # 8217 ; s ground forces of 800 attacked Santa Anna & # 8217 ; s 1400 adult male ground forces, and in 20 proceedingss he won the decisive Battle of San Jacinto. For Houston & # 8217 ; s work forces merely 6 were dead and 13 wounded, while Santa Anna lost 630 dead and 208 wounded. Houston was wounded by a shooting in the lower right leg. Santa Anna was captured and taken to General Houston where he signed an cease-fire. Houston sailed from Galveston Island for New Orleans in order to have medical attending for lesions received at the Battle of San Jacinto. When he landed in New Orleans, he was met by a set and heartening crowds. The sawboness removed 20 pieces of bone from the lesion while Houston was recuperating at the Christy
Sign of the zodiac in New Orleans. After hearing studies that the authorities was in pandemonium, he went back to Texas where he was elected President of the Republic of Texas, having 5,119 ballots to 743 for Henry Smith and 587 for Stephen F. Austin. Mirabeau B. Lamar was elected Vice-President. Houston turned over the Presidency to Vice-President Mirabeau Lamar after two old ages, in which he stabilized the currency, secured the safety of the boundary lines, and gained acknowledgment by the United States.
Houston met Margaret Lea of Marion, Alabama while on a trip to Mobile, Alabama. Margaret Moffette Lea was Sam Houston & # 8217 ; s 3rd married woman. They were married May 9, 1840 and remained married for the balance of Sam Houston & # 8217 ; s life-time. They had eight kids, four misss and four male childs. There were no kids born to from the other two matrimonies.
Houston continued his trip through the United States, sing Andrew Jackson at the Hermitage in Nashville, Tennessee. Then, Houston returns to Nacogdoches, Texas, where he made a address denouncing President Lamar & # 8217 ; s run against the Indians, in which Houston & # 8217 ; s old friend Cherokee Chief Bowl was killed. Houston was elected a member of the Texas Congress from Nacogdoches and so took the curse of office for his 2nd term as President of Texas where he struggled to equilibrate the Texas budget. To drive a Mexican ground forces, which has invaded Texas, Houston mobilized the ground forces. Santa Anna raided San Antonio with a strong force and Houston retaliated by directing 1200 work forces into Mexico. After triumph, Houston ends his 2nd Presidency and ballads programs to retire to Raven Hill plantation 13 stat mis east of Huntsville, Texas.
Samuel Houston returned to Texas where he speaks in favour of the appropriation of Texas to the United States and shortly Texas was admitted to the United States. Houston left Texas on his manner to Washington, D.C. to function as one of Texas & # 8217 ; first senators where he made speech back uping President Polk on the Oregon inquiry, interrupting the unwritten regulation that freshers senators are to stay soundless. Houston besides spoke for the Oregon Bill, which would forbid bondage in the Oregon Territory. He spoke 13 times for the Compromise, which Texas ratified the Texas Section of the series of measures doing up the Compromise of 1850. Houston was elected to his 3rd and last term as an U.S. Senator and made a major address in Austin that defended his Senate record, recommending the development of railwaies in Texas. Another a major address he delivered on the floor of the Senate opposing the Kansas-Nebraska Bill. After Houston was baptized into the Baptist Church, he declared himself a campaigner for Governor of Texas but was defeated. Texans gave Houston a 10,000 ballot triumph over Hardin R. Runnels in the governor & # 8217 ; s election and was inaugurated as Governor of Texas, which has grown to a population of 600,000. Houston ran a close 2nd to John Bell of Tennessee for the nomination of the Union Party for President of the United States. The province of Texas secedes from the Union on the same twenty-four hours Abraham Lincoln was inaugurated as President of the United States. As Governor, Houston refused to take the curse of commitment to the Confederate States of America and was deposed as Governor. April 12, 1861, The Civil War begins at Ft. Sumpter. One twelvemonth subsequently Sam Houston Jr. was severely wounded at The Battle of Shiloh. The Houston household moved back to Huntsville and rented a Steamboat House.
On July 26, Sam Houston died of pneumonia in the Steamboat House at Huntsville. He was 70 old ages old at the clip of his decease. His grave is located in north Huntsville in the Oakwood Cemetery. Houston chose this location across the street from where the Steamboat House one time stood.
Sam Houston was of import to our state & # 8217 ; s history because he was a true hero. He stood up for his beliefs, served his state, and took charge in actively determining a state by get downing with its largest province, Texas. He was strong plenty to contend for the rights of Native Americans and confront the effects. There were issues he did non hold with and he strove to alter those issues, but he still remained loyal to the United States because he knew that it would turn with its freedom and stay a strong force. His addresss on freedom and virtuousness has helped determine the Torahs of our state. He was a war hero, politician, and a true frontier fable.
Sam & # 8217 ; s Houston & # 8217 ; s MainPage. hypertext transfer protocol: //www.norfacad.pvt.k12.va.us/project/houston/houston.htm
Sam Houston Memorial Museum, Huntsville, Texas. hypertext transfer protocol: //www.shsu.edu/~smm_www/