Scientists communicate the
results of their research to other scientists generally through the scientific
literature, which as a result represents a permanent store of scientific
knowledge and a record of progress in scientific enquiry.

 

There are two types of
literature which is namely as below:

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Primary literature

Secondary literature

 

v  PRIMARY LITERATURE

The Primary Literature refers to accounts of research
carried out personally by an individual scientist or as association by a group
of scientists

 

·        
Original research
(no notes & else)

·        
General articles
(Research paper)

o   
Review paper

The purpose of a review paper
is to briefly review recent progress in a particular topic. Overall, the paper
summarizes the current state of knowledge of the topic. It creates an
understanding of the topic for the reader by discussing the findings presented
in recent research papers.

o   
Journal Article/peer
reviewed or not peer reviewed

Peer review is the evaluation
of work by one or more people of similar capability to the producers of the
work. It represents a form of self-regulation by qualified members of a
profession within the relevant field

o   
Short
communication (very exciting or breakthrough)

A short communication is for
a concise, but independent report representing a significant contribution to
science. Short communication is not proposed to publish preliminary results.
Only if these results are of extraordinary interest and are particularly current
and relevant are accepted for publication.

o   
Rapid
communication (ideas & thoughts)

The Rapid Communications is dedicated
to the publication of short papers presenting highly original and significant
material it has focused on the speedy distribution of important work in strong
matter and materials physics.

o   
Review
reports/reports (highlights practical aspects)

o   
Proceeding papers
/ conference proceeding papers

In academic world,
proceedings are the collection of academic papers published in the context of
an academic conference. They are usually distributed as printed quantity or in
electronic form either before the conference opens or after it have closed.
Proceedings contain the assistance made by researchers at the conference.

o   
Extended
abstracts

An extended abstract is a
research paper whose ideas and significance can be understood in less than an
hour of reading

o   
Dissertation /
theses

Major papers presented as the
final project for a master’s degree are normally called thesis; and major
papers presenting the student’s research towards a doctoral degree are called
theses or dissertations.

o   
Manuscript

A manuscript is any document
written by hand or typewritten, as different to being without thinking printed
or reproduced in some indirect or automated way.

o   
Video recording
by expert

o   
Magazines papers
(Articles)

 

v  SECONDARY LITERATURE

The Secondary Literature consists of publications that rely
on primary basis for information. Here it is not a necessity for the authors to
have done the work themselves while the reason of the publication is to sum up
and create knowledge in a definite area for other scientists who already have
an accepting of the topic

o   
Books

o   
Internet

o   
Magazines

o   
Paper/Newspaper

o   
Newsletter

o   
Textbook/handbooks

o   
Manual