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Secondary Science Teacher Career Analyis Essay, Research Paper

Secondary Science Teacher Career Analysis


After obtaining a unmarried mans degree in scientific discipline, most people begin to scour the occupation market. Many people may happen trouble obtaining a occupation refering to science without a maestro? s grade. Rather than give up people tend to research their options. Some people continue their instruction to guarantee their success in the scientific discipline industry. Others explore alternate callings which involvement them. Another option is to portion the cognition obtained in four old ages of college by learning in a center or high school scene.

Each option is better suited for different persons. Many people can non travel to graduate school for one ground or another. Possibly they do non hold the fiscal agencies, or they lack the clip needed to finish the plan. Others choose non to alter calling Fieldss because scientific discipline is their chief involvement and prefer to lodge with it. Some choose non to learn because it does non involvement them or because they do non cognize plenty about it.

Due to the high demand of secondary instruction instructors, frequently people choose this option. In the late 1990? s, the bulk of high school pupils were non taught scientific discipline by scientific discipline instructors. The pupils were alternatively taught scientific discipline by instructors who usually taught other topics ( ? 20 Hot? ) . That has non changed much in the new millenary. The demand for secondary school instructors continues to lift and is non expected to worsen in the close hereafter. It is presently listed in the top five for businesss with the most occupation gaps. Many provinces are besides anticipating a important rise in

the figure of instructors they are traveling to use.

The mean wage for a secondary pedagogue ranges from $ 19,700 to $ 70,030 a twelvemonth ( United States ) . $ 35,750 is the customary income for first twelvemonth secondary instructors

harmonizing to the Economic Research Institute. However, the Bureau of Labor statistics claims that the usual starting wage is $ 36,600 ( ? Secondary? ) . Conversely, $ 25,700 is the national criterion for get downing secondary instructors harmonizing to the American Federation of Teachers ( United States ) . And the income for private school secondary pedagogues varies greatly. Some private schools offer free room and board and other offers included as the wage so a comparing is frequently hard. Teachers are more likely to have rises after they have been learning at the same school territory for more than a twelvemonth. Coaching athletic squads and learning extracurricular activities besides increases wage. Obtaining a maestro? s grade or Ph.D besides increase a secondary school scientific discipline instructor? s wage. On norm, a public school instructor with a maestro? s grade earns $ 44,525, and with a Ph.D it is increased even more to $ 49,125 for a beginning instructor ( ? Secondary? ) . But those are non the lone grounds scientific discipline big leagues decide to learn secondary instruction. Through the geographic expedition of the definition of a scientific discipline instructor and the occupation description, the accomplishments needed to be successful, involvements and values desired, future tendencies, advantages, and drawbacks of the profession you will see why learning scientific discipline is a executable possibility many people majoring in scientific discipline are get downing to take.



The first facet of a instruction profession a individual interested in learning scientific discipline in a center or high school puting must make is analyze the definition of non merely a scientific discipline

instructor but besides secondary instructor in general. It is besides necessary to measure the day-to-day undertakings and responsibilities involved in secondary instruction.

Job Description

A secondary school instructor can learn 7th through 12th classs. Many pedagogues teach either center or high school but it is non limited to a specific class degree. Secondary instructors must show class stuffs by supplying a talk, utilizing audio-visual AIDSs, and delegating prep. In add-on to really learning stuff, a secondary instructor must besides measure pupils through observation and discourse the findings with the pupil, the pupil? s parents, and other involved instructors or decision makers. Teachers must besides oversee the pupils at all times and maintain proper behaviour in the schoolroom through the usage of counsel and subject ( ? Secondary? ) . Most provinces besides require instructors to keep a enfranchisement from the province.

Daily Tasks and Duties

There are a assortment of undertakings and responsibilities that must be performed by a secondary instructor. Some of the responsibilities are day-to-day activities. Others are hebdomadal, monthly, or as needed. The chief aim for an pedagogue is, through the usage of multiple instruction

methods, to teach pupils. A secondary scientific discipline instructor must besides fix course of studies for each category they teach, including a class lineation and the aims of the lesson harmonizing to province ordinances. Recording pupils? advancement through the usage of ratings and studies is an extra responsibility of a high school or in-between school scientific discipline instructor. Educators must besides hand in glove work with parents, pupils, and counsellors to assist decide behaviour and academic jobs. Through the usage of subject and

counsel, secondary instructors are required to keep order in the schoolroom. Teaching pupils utilizing a assortment of learning schemes including little group, patterning, undertakings, intergraded subject and synergistic instruction is an added undertaking for scientific discipline instructors at the secondary degree ( ? Tasks? ) . Extra undertakings include the followers:

? Assign and grade prep

? Develop, administer, and class trials

? Attend meetings, conferences, and preparation workshops

? Maintain attending records ( ? Tasks? )


As with every profession, there are certain accomplishments, involvements and abilities needed to be successful. Teaching scientific discipline at the secondary degree is no exclusion. Many people

may happen learning hard and unrewarding if they do non possess certain accomplishments and involvements.

Skills Needed

There are a assortment of accomplishments and abilities needed for the field of secondary instruction. Teaching is much more than merely relaying information. It is a procedure of sharing cognition in such a manner that pupils? non merely desire but are able to grok what is being taught. The ability to present information in a clear and organized manner is of the up-most importance when learning high school or in-between school pupils ( ? Secondary? ) . In order to show information in such a manner, a instructor must hold the

capableness to pass on unwritten and written thoughts in a manner others will understand ( ? Knowledge? ) . Another challenge for secondary instructors is maintaining the involvement of the pupils. The first measure in prosecuting pupils? attending is the ability to non merely learn but besides learn new things utilizing a assortment of attacks ( ? Knowledge? ) . Other accomplishments needed to be successful include

? High reading comprehension

? Oral and written comprehension

? Using experience and cognition to do determinations

? Ability to measure objectively

Interests Desired

Not merely does a individual demand to possess the accomplishments and abilities of a secondary pedagogue but he or she must besides hold peculiar involvements. In order for learning to be a rewarding calling, a secondary instruction instructor must hold the desire to portion information. The captivation to portion cognition is a cardinal factor in going a successful high school or in-between school instructor. While learning, a individual will meet many different types of people and many types of state of affairss. The ability, along with the desire, must be present in an pedagogue ( ? Secondary? ) . Another involvement that is desired in a secondary instruction instructor is the willingness to listen to pupils? academic every bit good as personal concerns.


Harmonizing to Jonathan Borowiec and Robert James, scientific discipline professors at Texas A & A ; M University, scientific discipline classs at the secondary degree are traveling to ch

ange in the hereafter.

There will be more of a focal point on outer infinite. Presently the chief focal point in secondary scientific discipline categories is on the Earth. Many in-between and high school pupils take biological science, Earth scientific discipline, physical scientific discipline, and chemical science. Borowiec and James agree that in the twenty-first century there will be more space-based scientific disciplines. They besides province that the new infinite based scientific discipline will concentrate on missions to Mars and will prosecute pupils in a new exciting manner ( Borowiec ) .

Cindy White, an eight-grade instructor in St. Paul, Minnesota claims that, ? many tendencies in the instruction system recycle about and about and that major alterations in instruction will take a long clip to go on every bit long as money and political relations run education. ? But one alteration that White would wish to see happen has to make with the instruction of instructors. She feels that Colleges of Education ought to raise the figure of the instruction of reading class an pedagogue must take to graduate regardless of their country of survey.


One of the greatest advantages of learning scientific discipline in a center or high school scene is seeing immature grownups develop, maestro, and larn new accomplishments ( ? Teacher? ) . Many instructors derive great personal satisfaction cognizing that person is a better individual because of them. This is the greatest gift a individual can have. In their ain little manner, instructors are making that mundane whether they are cognizant of it or non. Other advantages in being a secondary high school scientific discipline instructor include the on the job conditions and the freedom.

Working Conditionss

Not merely do instructors merely work nine to ten months out of the twelvemonth, but they besides have longer winter and spring interruptions than the mean employee obtains. There is an old instructor gag that asks the inquiry what is the best portion of being a instructor? The reply answers with June, July, and August. In add-on to June, July, and August, there are other facets of the on the job conditions that make it an first-class pick. For case, the physical demands of the place are reasonably moderate. A secondary pedagogue can anticipate to make some visible radiation raising, occasional stretch, frequent handling, and frequent speaking and listening ( ? Teacher? ) . Teaching is by no agencies a occupation that requires physical labour.


Although most scientific discipline instructors teach in schoolrooms, there is still a regular sum of freedom that goes along with the learning profession. Secondary pedagogues

are free to take what and how they teach within certain guidelines. Each province has at that place ain ordinances and criterions for a scientific discipline course of study at the secondary degree. Teachers must do certain they follow those guidelines but are free to take from a assortment of different methods and techniques to relay the information ( ? Teacher? ) .


As with every calling, learning scientific discipline at a secondary degree has its drawbacks. Some disadvantages are common among most professions. Issues like emphasis and long hours are disadvantages many people in a assortment of professions complain about. Teaching is no exclusion to these general incommodiousnesss. Along with the emphasis and long hours, another common instructor ailment is the deficiency of supplies. Many instructors wind up purchasing supplies with their ain money. Cindy White stated in an electronic mail that, ? Teaching is the lone occupation I? ve had where I have had to provide my ain paper, pencils, and pens. ?


Working with immature grownups is on occasion frustrating and nerve-racking. The deficiency of motive and regard from pupils is a large factor in the stress degree of the instructors ( ? Teacher? ) . As stated earlier, many people choose to learn scientific discipline at the high school or in-between school degree because they have a desire to portion information. A disrespectful and unmotivated pupil hinders the ability to teach the other pupils doing defeat to the instructor. Another common stressor is working entirely in a schoolroom. Much of a instructor? s interaction with people during the twenty-four hours is with pupils. Adult company is seldom available during the school twenty-four hours ( ? Teacher? ) . The deficiency of grownup interactions may do emphasis and defeat at times. Not merely are at that place minimum grownup interactions but the volume of immature grownups being dealt with on a day-to-day footing can besides be nerve-racking ( White ) .

Long Hours

A common instructor ailment is the deficiency of prep clip. This deficiency of homework clip causes long hours on the portion of the instructor. Many instructors spend legion hours working outside of the schoolroom. Much of these hours are exhausted rating documents, be aftering course of study, and go toing meetings. Many believe that the ground for the long hours stems from the big instructor to student ratio. The more pupils one instructor has means that he or she will hold more work to make ( ? Teacher? ) . There will be more trials and assignments to develop and rate.



Teaching scientific discipline at the secondary degree involves teaching, measuring, and helping pupils. A individual must hold an involvement and ability to portion cognition in a manner others will understand. In order to make this, one must hold good unwritten and written communicating accomplishments. A possible instructor must besides hold the pupils? involvement and good being at bosom. Teaching at the secondary degree offers many benefits money can non purchase such as first-class working conditions, freedom, and personal satisfaction. Although learning scientific discipline at the high school or in-between school degree is a rewarding profession for most, it does hold its disadvantages. Stress and long hours are the two prevalent drawbacks of the calling.


Science big leagues are get downing to recognize the wagess of going a secondary scientific discipline instructor. Peoples choose to learn scientific discipline for a assortment of grounds as follows:

? It allows them the chance to go on working in the field of scientific discipline without obtaining a Masterss degree.

? Education is an ever-changing profession, which allows new possibilities and tendencies to be explored.

? Ones cognition and experience will be utilized on a day-to-day footing.

? Numerous occupation gaps offer assortment and stableness.

? Rising initial salary plus wage additions for go oning instruction.

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The first issue an inspiring secondary scientific discipline instructor should see is the hiring demands. Normally, a unmarried man? s grade in distributed scientific discipline and a teaching preparation plan is required to learn scientific discipline in a secondary public school. But with the huge instructor deficit the learning preparation plan is no longer compulsory. Private schools have their ain demands for secondary pedagogues ; demands vary for school to school and are non mandated by the authorities. The following measure in going a instructor is obtaining an Educator License. A licence is required in all 50 provinces including the District of Columbia ( ? Secondary? ) .


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? Wagess and Trends? Occupational Report. ? America? s Career Infonet. 31 August 2000. .

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