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Consecutive Killers: Programmed To Kill? Essay, Research PaperConsecutive slayers are one of the most absorbing and morbid groups of people to analyze. Aconsecutive slayer as defined by Brian and Wilfred Gregg in The Encyclopedia of SerialKillers is person who kills 3 or more people with sufficient clip intervals between eachknown as a chilling off period. The manner and motive of the violent deaths can change greatly.I choose consecutive slayers for this undertaking because the thought of person killing another homobeing on legion occasions seemed so out at that place, so periphery, it merely had to be studied.Listen to this missive from one of this centuries most ill-famed consecutive slayers DavidBerkowitz ( 1976-1977 ) AKA & # 8220 ; Son of Sam. & # 8221 ;& # 8220 ; I am profoundly hurt by your naming me a weman-hater. I am non. But I am a monster.

I amthe & # 8220 ; boy of Sam & # 8221 ; . I am a small terror. When male parent Sam gets drunk he gets average. He beatsour household. Sometimes he ties me up to the dorsum of the house. Other times he locks me inthe garage.

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Sam loves to imbibe blood. & # 8220 ; Travel out and kills & # 8221 ; commands father Sam. Behindour house some remainder. Mostly immature & # 8211 ; raped and slaughtered & # 8211 ; their blood drained & # 8211 ; merelycastanetss now. Pap Sam keeps me locked in the Attic excessively. I can & # 8217 ; t acquire out but I look out theattick window and watch the universe spell by.

I feel like an foreigner. I am on a differentwavelength so everybody else & # 8211 ; programmed to kill & # 8230 ; & # 8230 ; Mr. Borelli, sir, I don & # 8217 ; t want tokill any more. No Sur, no more but I must, & # 8220 ; honour thy male parent & # 8221 ; . I want to do love to theuniverse. I love people. I don & # 8217 ; t belong on Earth.

Return me to yahoos. To the people ofQueens, I love you. And I want to wish all of you a happy Easter. May God bless you inthis life and in the following. And for now I say adieus and goodnight. Polices: Let me stalkyou with these words: I & # 8217 ; ll be back. I & # 8217 ; ll be back.

To be interrpreted as & # 8211 ; knock, knock, knock,knock & # 8211 ; ugh. Yours in slaying, Mr. Monster. & # 8221 ;This missive was found at the scene of one of his offenses. He went on to kill 5 more people,largely in autos parked in lover & # 8217 ; s lanes.

To see consecutive slayers as a periphery group, you must first understand them as a group. To makethis I will show some common traits of consecutive slayers, followed by the categorizations ofmale and female consecutive slayers and specific illustrations of each. Once I have sufficientlygrouped consecutive slayers as a whole and so as smaller groups in that whole, I will explicatewhat is being done to foretell consecutive slayers, who becomes a consecutive slayer and why?There is no manner to state precisely how many consecutive slayers there are active at any one clip.

Make to modern engineering, peculiarly transit, it is frequently difficult to link twoapparently separate slayings. Most experts agree with Holmes and DeBurger & # 8217 ; s estimationof victims of consecutive slayings at 3,500 to 5,000 per twelvemonth. From this the estimated figure ofconsecutive slayers active today is 350, or 7 per province. This estimation is based on research thatshows most consecutive slayers murder between 10s and 12 persons, over several old ages.However, Peter Wortington, writer of & # 8220 ; The Journalist and the Killer, & # 8221 ; states theill-famed consecutive slayer Ted Bundy could be responsible for every bit many as 100 slayings.

Who are they?Common Traits*Holmes and DeBurger, the writer of Serial Murder, province that consecutive slayers in generalsuit the description of a sociopath really good. The rubric, sociopath has been latereplaced by the phrase ASPD, anti-social personality upset.*The inability to love, which is frequently considered to be the nucleus of ASPD is particularlyevident in the consecutive slayer.*The consecutive slayer is unable to develop deep meaningful relationships and therefore their attentionfor people in general is greatly decreased. In short, the consecutive slayer is missing those traitswhich help us to acquire along with others.*Highly unprompted and aggressive behaviour is another portion of the consecutive slayers psyche, andsurveies show that they require more bangs than normal people*Just like immature kids, they must invariably be in hunt of new amusement.

Comparing a consecutive slayer to a immature kid, nevertheless, is non just to the kid. Young kidmay draw the legs off of a grasshopper for amusement, but consecutive slayer enjoys making orfantasying about making such things to fellow worlds.*The authoritative characteristic of the consecutive slayer, is an absolute deficiency of guilt. Engagement inactivities which could ensue in societal disapproval will bring forth guilt and compunction in anormal, healthy person, but the consecutive slayer does non see either of thesefeelings to any sufficient grade.

Robert Ressler writer of Sexual Homicide, gives us three traits that make the serieskiller really unsafe.1 ) Their deficiency of scruples, as we have discusses, is a consequence of ASPD is the first.2 ) Second is a deficiency of external motive.

Some of the slayers motivation consists ofuncontrolled thrusts, their inability to command unprompted behaviour or alter their actionsin consideration of others. There is non external motivation in a consecutive slaying. The victim iskilled for psychological addition on the portion of the liquidator.3 ) The 3rd trait is the planning and ability to conceal their criminalism make them virtuallyunseeable. As Ressler explains, consecutive slayers ever plan their putting to deaths, whether conscienclyor non, and this degree of planning is ever apparent at the offense scene. Consecutive slayers besideshold astonishing ability to conceal their offenses.

As Holmes and DeBurger province, many timespeople in the same house as the slayer do non cognize of the slayers activities.CategorizationsThe information in this subdivision comes from the Internet site of Dr. Tom O & # 8217 ; Connor acelebrated criminology specializer from North Carolina & # 8217 ; s Wesleyan College. For themale categorization Dr. O & # 8217 ; Connor uses one of the FBI typologies called theHolmes typology. There are other & # 8217 ; s the FBI uses, but I felt this 1 was the mostclear.Thesis: The categorization of consecutive slayers is different for males and females. Themajor difference is manner of killing and the preciseness and attention of that killing.

Inadd-on, females are much more likely to kill victims they have some relationwith.The categorization of consecutive slayers is indispensable in understanding the psychologicalmainframe of the slayer. I besides feel it is of import to emphasize common traits amonggroups so we may break understand them as a whole.Male SERIAL KILLERS- 4 groups, normally between 20 and 30. Kill in their ainsocietal category and race.Visionaries & # 8211 ; act in response to voices and are instructed by these voices to executethe act of slaying. These are used to warrant and legalize the act.Herbert Mullin ( 1972-73 ) : Paranoid schizophrenic, heard voices about anupcoming temblor that told him to kill to forestall it.

He drove upmountain roads and pretended to hold auto problem, killed 2 with a baseballchiropteran. Then got a gun and killed 5 people in one twenty-four hours at one park, 4 campersat another park 3 months subsequently, 2 others in assorted locations.Missionaries & # 8211 ; they think it is their duty rid society of unwanted elements.Prostitutes, drug nuts, homophiles, racial minorities, and porn merchants( Like John Doe in the film in Seven. )Joseph Franklin ( 1977-81 ) : Neo-Nazi, believed interracial twosomes were awickedness against God. suspected in the shot of Larry Flynt because Hustlermagazine featured interracial twosomes. Franklin killed 15 people ininterracial relationships from rooftops.Hedonists & # 8211 ; kill because slaying causes them pleasance / sense of powerLust Killers & # 8211 ; kill for sexual satisfaction and the Acts of the Apostless are normally sadistic.

Often involves overkill, necrophilisms or cannibalism.Jerry Brudos ( 1968-69 ) : electronic tech. , shoe fetish.aroused by the sight of adult females in black high heeled places.

Killed6 and kept the left pes of each in a deep-freeze.Thrill Killers & # 8211 ; kill because of a desire of a & # 8220 ; thrill & # 8221 ; or & # 8220 ; experience. & # 8221 ; Ofteninvolves mutilation or cannibalism but seldom overkill or necrophiliaNorman Collins ( 1967-69 ) : killed 7 pupils, each sexuallymutilated.

He came to the funeral parlour of one victim and asked ifher could take a image.Gain Killers & # 8211 ; putting to death for personal addition. Profitable concern venture,promotion of calling, or contract for services.Joseph Briggen ( 1894-1902 ) : Hog husbandman whose hogs ever wonbluish threads.

He said & # 8220 ; its all in the feeding. & # 8221 ; He besides complainedof the inability to maintain spread custodies. He had killed at least 12custodies stating hogs need a steady diet of human flesh.Power Seekers & # 8211 ; kill for the desire to hold control over the life and decease or others.Often involves behaviours such as ransom demands or desire for promotion.Robert Hansen ( 1977-81 ) : killed 17 adult females after sexually mistreatingthem. He gave them a head start and track them down like animate beings with ahigh-octane rifle.

Other types of Consecutive slayers such as Vampires and Cannibals can non be placed in anyone group and must so be considered assorted groups.The information on female consecutive slayers besides came from Dr. O & # 8217 ; Connor & # 8217 ; s web page. Thetypology used for females is called the Kelleher Typology, developed by Kelleher andKelleher a twosome who wrote the book, Murder Most Rare: The Female Serial Killer.FEMALE SERIAL KILLERS-more methodical, careful, precise and quiet.

Besidesmuch more successful ; the mean continuance of a female consecutive slayer is 8 old ages,dual that of a male consecutive slayer. Female consecutive slayers account for merely 8 % of allAmerican consecutive slayers but American female consecutive slayers account for 76 % of allfemale consecutive slayers worldwide.Female Serial Killers Acting Entirely: Mature, careful, calculated, socially expert, andextremely organized. They normally attack victims in their place of topographic point of work.They tend to prefer specific arms like toxicant, deadly injection or asphyxiationsBlack Widow: systemically kills multiple partners, spouses, or other householdmembers.Diana Lumbrera ( 1977-1990 ) : suffocated 6 of her ain kids.Angle of Death: systemically kills people who are in her attention for some signifier ofmedical attendingGenene Jones ( 1978-1982 ) : injected terminally sick kids with bosommedicine. She enjoyed the acknowledgment she received as she tried to resuscitatethe kids.

Sexual Marauder: consistently kills others in clear Acts of the Apostless of sexual homicideAileen Wournos ( 1989-90 ) : cocotte, changeable work forces in normal proposition forsex claiming ego defence.Retaliation: consistently kills out of hatred or green-eyed monsterMartha Ann Johnson ( 1977-82 ) : 22 twelvemonth old, 250 lbs adult female with 4kids, who after a battle with her hubby would turn over her weight ontoone of them as they slept and smother them.Net income or Crime: consistently kills for net income or while perpetrating another offense.

Madame Papova ( 1879-1909 ) : slaying for hire service in Russia.Specialized in emancipating married adult females from barbarous hubbies. Murdered over300 victims.Acting in Partnership: Killers tend to be younger, aggressive, barbarous in their onslaughts,sometimes disorganized, and normally unable to carefully be after. They normally attackvictims in diverse locations.

They tend to utilize guns, knives, or anguish.Team Killer: Kills or participates in the violent death of others in concurrence with atleast one other. Represent about 1/3 of all female consecutive slayers with male femalesquads being the most common.Bonnie Parker and Clyde Barrow ( 1930-34 ) : formed pack and killed 16victims, 13 of which were constabularies officers. Bonnie is reported to holdenjoyed seting excess slugs in the bulls.Participation Part1 ) Wolfgang Abel & A ; Mario Furlan ( 1977-1986 ) were 27-year old boies of rich parents inMilan, Italy.

Upon graduation from the university where they had been roomies, theyembarked upon an odyssey of killing homophiles across Italy and the Central AlpsRegion of West Central Europe. Along the manner, they killed whomever they thought was& # 8220 ; subhuman & # 8221 ; and although they were non Nazis, they left notes at offense scenes for constabularyto believe a group of Nazis led by a & # 8220 ; Ludwig & # 8221 ; were responsible. Their 13 victims includeditinerants, drug nuts, cocottes, and of class, homophiles. Toward the terminal, theyspecialized in incendiarism and bombardment, firing down adult film theatresand homosexualdiscotheques, clocking the fires for when the topographic points were most crowded.

Hundreds ofpeople were injured or scarred for life by their actions. They were eventually caught byfrequenters of a crowded disco when seen dancing about in costume while in secret let go ofingaccelerant from inside their pantlegs. In 1987, an Italian tribunal found them partly insaneand sentenced them to 30 old ages of & # 8220 ; open detention & # 8221 ; ( the equivalent of & # 8220 ; house apprehension & # 8221 ; ) in theAlpine palaces of their parents & # 8212 ; & # 8212 ; Missionary/Team2 ) Harvey Glatman ( 1951-1958 ) was a 25-year old Hollywood lensman for misssinterested in going theoretical accounts. Once the most beautiful misss came into his & # 8220 ; studio & # 8221 ; , theywere raped, tied up, and so viciously murdered. He would frequently take exposures of himravishing the misss, as they died, and their grave sites out in the desert. He killed 4 victimsbefore the last one got off by defying.

His & # 8220 ; studio & # 8221 ; turned out to hold a room withwalls covered with portrayals of decease. He was executed in the gas chamber in 1959, andhis last words were & # 8220 ; I knew this is the manner it would be & # 8221 ; . & # 8212 ; & # 8211 ; Lust3 ) Frederick Mors ( 1914-1916 ) was an immigrant from Vienna to the U.

S. who worked innursing places for the aged. He liked to dress up in a white uniform with a stethoscopearound his cervix and have the patients call him & # 8220 ; Herr Doktor & # 8221 ; . He was responsible forkilling 8 patients by chloroform asphyxiation.

He was finally caught in the act, andcertified reprehensively insane, but he escaped from the mental establishment and was ne’erheard from again. & # 8212 ; & # 8212 ; Power Seeker4 ) Martha Wise ( 1924-1925 ) AKA & # 8220 ; the Borgia of America & # 8221 ; was a 39-year old widowfrom Ohio who fell profoundly in love with a younger adult male whom her household was opposed to.She devised a program to toxicant ( arsenic ) her household members one-by-one, killing 3 of thembefore the remainder got leery and reported her to governments. When questioned, sheconfessed to the slayings, several other efforts, and even firing down a church thatexpressed a reluctance to transport out the matrimony ceremonial.

Her defence at test was & # 8220 ; theDevil made me make it & # 8221 ; . She was sentenced to life imprisonment. & # 8212 ; & # 8211 ; Revenge/VisionaryWhy are they?& # 8220 ; It was an impulse. . .

. . A strong impulse, and the longer I allow it travel the stronger it got, to where Iwas taking hazards to travel out and kill people & # 8211 ; hazards that usually, harmonizing to my small regulationsof operation, I wouldn & # 8217 ; Ts take because they could take to arrest. & # 8221 ; & # 8212 ; Edmund KemperWhere does this impulse come from? In this undertaking I aim to turn to 3 countries which is said tohave impact on these people taking them to a life of consecutive slaying.Childhood household lifeMost of the information in this averment comes from the FBI behavioural scientific disciplinesection and FBI profiler Robert Ressler.*Serial slayers are ne’er truly able to bond with their households.

*This so leads to a battle to bond with friends so there are really few or norelationships of any value to these people.*A positive position of the male parent is rare among consecutive slayers, while 72 % study a deficiency offond regard to, and no positive image of, their male parents. The consecutive slayer feels moreaggression than the mean kid, and a good part of this is vented toward the male parent. **Ron Langevin writes in & # 8220 ; The Serial Killer, & # 8221 ; that so, the consecutive slayer holds morecholer and well less fondness toward the male parent than make even other liquidators. Shegoes on to state that episodes of bedwetting and firesetting, coexist with a inclination forinhuman treatment to animate beings, and have been called the & # 8216 ; triad & # 8217 ; of childhood featuresrepresentative of future consecutive slayers.*Ressler besides points out that 82 % of consecutive slayers report woolgathering so much that itbecame a job for them in childhood,*and 71 % study chronic prevarication.

*80 % of them had run off at some point in their childhood, and*83 % reported sever pique fits.Harmonizing to the FBI, and Ressler,*Nearly all consecutive slayers report penalty as a kid as being unjust, hostile, opprobrious andreally inconsistent.*The primary caretakers of the hereafter slayer, be they parents, grandparents or legaldefenders, are merely & # 8220 ; bad & # 8221 ; at their occupation.*Not merely are they nonproductive, unhelpful and distant, but they typically hold grownupoutlooks for even the youngest of kids.Holmes and De Burger continue to state that this incompatibility is a common pointbetween consecutive slayers and sexual nuts.

*Serial slayers learn behaviour that encourages force, and that will one twenty-four hours lead tomultiple slaying.Ressler and the FBI study that, there is a high grade of instability in the household lifemerely like the sexual nut & # 8217 ; s household.*Their households typically moved around a great trade, or parents often changedbusinesss.

*Psychological and behavioural jobs, such as alcohol addiction and drug usage are nonuncommon in their households, either. Ressler reports that 69 % of interviewed consecutiveslayers had a household history of alcohol addiction. Better than half of the consecutive slayersreported psychiatric jobs in their households, and 70 % of the households had ahistory of alcohol addiction.Sexual MaltreatmentOver 50 % were suspected of sexual maltreatment. Peter Worthington, writer of & # 8220 ; The Journalistand the Killer, & # 8221 ; studies that Clifford Olson, for illustration, who reported being sodomizedby his uncle as a immature kid, subsequently went on to slay eight misss and three male childs in anine-month fling. His slaying methods included choking, bludgeoning and stabbing.Steven Dubner, who wrote & # 8220 ; Portrait of a Serial Killer, & # 8221 ; provinces that Alex Henriquez,suspected by constabulary of being sexually abused during his childhood and through his teens,strangled two misss and one adult female to decease.Ressler points out that this maltreatment is a critical stage in the creative activity of the consecutive slayer.

*The sexual maltreatment consequence in intense physiological rousing, and the abused kid rapidlyassociates the two.Jim Orford wrote & # 8220 ; Excessive Appetites: A Psychological Position of Addictions, & # 8221 ; and isquoted as stating & # 8220 ; The male accent on sex, along with greater prominence of malesexual variety meats, greater grade of enterprise expected of males, and more obvious marks ofphysiological rousing lead immature males to label physiological rousing as sexual. & # 8221 ;Fantasy- Childhood phantasies of domination may besides take to future violent behaviour asRessler points out.*The drama of the kid is oriented around aggression and force, and this lone additionsover the old ages.

*Children experiencing abused may be really egoistic, seeing others as merely an extension oftheir personal universe.*In kernel the hereafter slayer is utilizing fantasy as a manner of get awaying an otherwise haplesshousehold life. The maltreatment they are enduring may force these phantasies toward forceand aggression.*In fantasy the kid is in control and can make the mistreating alternatively of being abused.Ressler gives a good illustration in the state of affairs in which a kid may desire to experience power ofthe household Canis familiaris. One twenty-four hours the kid goes so far as to kick the Canis familiaris.

Feeling the power, thekid may go on to crush and subsequently even kill the Canis familiaris.*As the kid grows these phantasies become an dependence.*It becomes the kid & # 8217 ; s merely beginning of emotional rousing and shortly included sex every bit good asaggression.*As a consequence of this demand for fantasy the now immature grownup may develop negative traitsincluding ; penchant for autoerotic activity, aggression, chronic prevarication,defiance, and a penchant for fetish behaviour.Ressler continues to indicate out that shortly the slayer is trapped in a chronic rhythm of egostimulation through phantasy, increasing societal isolation followed by increased choler do tomore isolation and increases the trust on phantasy.This sexual phantasy as pointed out by Albert Drukteinis in his work entitled& # 8220 ; Contemporary Psychiatry: Consecutive Murder & # 8211 ; The Heart of Darkness, & # 8221 ; is the focal point ofmost consecutive slayers desire for power.

Drukteinis gives us a quotation mark from Ed Kemper, aconsecutive slayer from California. He described the functions of laterality, power and sex in hisain sexual phantasies:& # 8220 ; I have phantasies about mass slaying & # 8230 ; [ I ] do made passionate love to their deadcadavers. Taking life off from them, & # 8230 ; and so holding ownership of everything that usedto be theirs.

All that would be mine. Everything. & # 8221 ;Conclusion-Is there a manner to foretell?The FBI, over the past decennary has collected immense sums of information on the slayersthemselves, their motives and their methods. Unfortunately, to day of the month there is no certainmanner to place consecutive slayers before they strike. Most of the clip the slayer is stumbledupon by chance by local constabulary or the FBI, harmonizing to Ressler. The BehavioralScience Unit of the FBI has devoted much of their section to analyzing and tryingto understand these absorbing people.

They have turned offense scene profiling, thedevelopment of a consecutive slayer & # 8217 ; s description and features from grounds at the sceneof the offense, into a scientific discipline. Despite these promotions there is still much to be learnedabout consecutive slayers. It is my sentiment, through my research, that it is impossible to developa fool-proof manner to foretell that a certain individual will go a consecutive slayer. As Holmesand DeBurgers point out, many people who portion indistinguishable experiences as consecutive slayers doin their childhood and immature maturity make non go consecutive slayers. Fortunately, theinformation that the FBI has gathered has led to many speedy apprehensions of consecutive slayers andhas likely saved many lives. I am certain there will be many more promotions made inold ages to come and we will see a lessening in the figure of active consecutive slayers and inrelation the figure of victims. I hope you have enjoyed this presentation and haveenjoyed a short glance into the universe of the consecutive slayer.BibliographyIntroductionBeginnings:Gregg, Brian and Wilfred.

The Encyclopedia of Serial Killers. 1988.Holmes, Ronald M.

& A ; De Burger, James. Consecutive Murder. Newbury Park: Sage. 1988.Ressler, Robert. Sexual Homicide. Lexington: DC Heath & A ; Company. 1988.

Worthington, Peter. & # 8220 ; The Journalist and the Killer. & # 8221 ; 1993.Who Are They?Common TraitsBeginnings:Holmes, Ronald M.

& A ; De Burger, James. Consecutive Murder. Newbury Park: Sage. 1988.Ressler, Robert.

Sexual Homicide. Lexington: DC Heath & A ; Company. 1988.CategorizationsMaleBeginnings:FBI. & # 8220 ; FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin: Violent Crime Issue.

& # 8221 ; 1985.Holmes, Ronald M. & A ; De Burger, James. Consecutive Murder. Newbury Park: Sage.

1988.O & # 8217 ; Connor, Dr. Thomas R. Dept. of Justices Studies. & # 8220 ; Male Serial Killers & # 8221 ; and & # 8220 ; FemaleSerial Killers. & # 8221 ; 4 October, 1999. .

FemaleBeginnings:Kelleher, M. & A ; C. Murder Most Rare: The Female Serial Killer. New york: Dell. 1998.O & # 8217 ; Connor, Dr.

Thomas R. Dept. of Justices Studies. & # 8220 ; Male Serial Killers & # 8221 ; and & # 8220 ; FemaleSerial Killers. & # 8221 ; 4 October, 1999. .

EngagementBeginnings:O & # 8217 ; Connor, Dr. Thomas R. Dept. of Justices Studies. & # 8220 ; Male Serial Killers & # 8221 ; and & # 8220 ; FemaleSerial Killers. & # 8221 ; 4 October, 1999. .Why Are They?ChildhoodBeginnings:FBI.

& # 8220 ; FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin: Violent Crime Issue. & # 8221 ; 1985.Holmes, Ronald M. & A ; De Burger, James. Consecutive Murder. Newbury Park: Sage. 1988.Langevin, Ron.

& # 8220 ; The Serial Killer. & # 8221 ; In Ann Wolber Burgess ( Ed. ) , Rape and SexualAssault III: A Research Handbook, New York: Garland.

1991.Ressler, Robert. Sexual Homicide. Lexington: DC Heath & A ; Company. 1988.Sexual MaltreatmentBeginnings:Dubner, Steven J. & # 8220 ; Portrait of a Serial Killer. & # 8221 ; New York.

1992.Orford, Jim. Excessive Appetites: A Psychological Position of Addictions. New York: JohnWiley & A ; Sons.

1985.Ressler, Robert. Sexual Homicide. Lexington: DC Heath & A ; Company. 1988.

Worthington, Peter. & # 8220 ; The Journalist and the Killer. & # 8221 ; 1993.FantasyBeginnings:Drukteinis, Albert M. & # 8220 ; Contemporary Psychiatry: Consecutive Murder & # 8211 ; The Heart ofDarkness. & # 8221 ; 1992.

Ressler, Robert. Sexual Homicide. Lexington: DC Heath & A ; Company. 1988.DecisionBeginnings:Holmes, Ronald M. & A ; De Burger, James.

Consecutive Murder. Newbury Park: Sage. 1988.34c