. Essay, Research PaperBondage and the History of the Negro.The issue of bondage has been touched upon frequently in the class ofhistory. The establishment of bondage was addressed by Gallicintellectuals during the Enlightenment.
Later, during the GallicRevolution, the National Assembly issued the Declaration of the Rights ofMan, which declared the equality of all work forces. Issues were raisedrefering the application of this statement to the Gallic settlements inthe West Indies, which used slaves to work the land. As they haddifferent involvements in head, the philosophes, slave proprietors, and politicalleaders took opposing positions on the reading of cosmopolitan equality.Many of the philosophes, the leaders of the Enlightenment, wereagainst bondage.
They held that all people had a natural self-respect thatshould be recognized. Voltaire, an eighteenth century philosophe, pointed outthat 100s of 1000s of slaves were giving their lives merely sothe Europeans could squelch their new gustatory sensation for sugar, tea and chocolate. Asimilar position was taken by Rousseau, who stated that he could non bear towatch his fellow human existences be changed to animals for the service ofothers. Religion entered into the equation when Diderot, writer of theEncyclopedia, brought up the fact that the Christian faith wasbasically opposed to Blacken bondage but employed it anyhow in order towork the plantations that financed their states.
All in all, thoseinfluenced by the ideals of the Enlightenment, equality, autonomy, theright to self-respect, tended to oppose the thought of bondage.Differing from the philosophes, the political leaders andbelongings proprietors tended to see slavery as an component that supported theeconomic system. These people believed that if bondage and the slave trade wereto be abolished, the French would lose theirsettlements, commercialism wouldprostration and as a consequence the merchandiser Marine, agribusiness and the humanistic disciplineswould worsen. Their concerns were slightly merited ; by 1792 Gallic shipswere presenting up to 38,000 slaves and this trade brought in 200 millionlivres a twelvemonth. These people had economic inducements to back up bondage,nevertheless others were merely nescient. One adult male, Raynal, said that whitepeople were incapable of working in the hot Sun and inkinesss were muchbetter suited to labor and labour in the intense heat. Having a similarposition to Raynal, one belongings proprietor stated that rupturing the inkinesss fromthe lone places they knew was really humanist. Though they had to workwithout wage, this adult male said slave bargainers were making the inkinesss a favour byputing them in the Gallic settlements where they could populate without frightfor tomorrow.
All of these people felt that the Declaration of theRights of Man did non refer to black people or their posterities.All people were non nescient, nevertheless. There was even a group ofpeople who held surprisingly modern positions on bondage ; views some peoplehaven & # 8217 ; t even accepted today.
In his Contemplations on Black People, Olympede Gouges wondered why inkinesss were enslaved. He said that the colour ofpeople & # 8217 ; s clamber suggests merely a little difference. The beauty of natureprevarications in the fact that all is varied. Another adult male, Jacques Necker, toldpeople that one twenty-four hours they would recognize the mistake of their ways and noticethat all people have the same capacity to believe and endure.The bondage issue was a subject of argument among the people ofFrance. The positions of the people, based on enlightenment, the public assistance ofthe state or field ignorance were tossed around for several more old agesuntil the issue was eventually resolved.
In the terminal the philosophes, withtheir liberated thoughts, won out and bondage was abolished.