St. Augustin Essay, Research Paper
From the analysis of St. Augustine Confessions and Beowulf, it is clear that the two writers, St. Augustine and the poet severally, differ on their positions of decease, which helps to paint a better image of the universe that each author lived in. In Augustine s Hagiographas, decease plays a major function in life ; it serves as the stepping rock to a greater being in Eden. In Augustine s universe, Christianity and God both play an of import function in how decease is viewed. In the poets writings we see a different position, one in which the clip you spend on Earth is of great importance ; really small idea is given to life after decease. Although God is mentioned and discussed throughout the authorship, it is a really different position than the one shown by Augustine.
In the authorship of St. Augustine, the reader gets a little glance of what life was like in the Roman Empire in the forth century, and more peculiarly how decease was viewed during this period. Harmonizing to the Confessions, life, though valued, was merely a clip spent before God chose to convey your psyche to heaven ; contingent of class on the fact that you were a Christian. Yet in a minute, before we had reached the terminal of the first twelvemonth of a friendly relationship.you took him from this universe ( Confessions, 75 ) . When all hope of salvaging him was lost, he was baptized as he lay unconscious ( Confessions, 75 ) . This transition about St. Augustine s friend helps to exemplify that as decease Drew near in Augustine s clip, ideas went to the after life in Eden. This hypothesis is furthered when Augustine writes about the decease of his female parent. And so on the 9th twenty-four hours of her unwellness, when she was 56 and I was 33, her pious and devoted psyche was set free from the organic structure ( Confessions, 200 ) . Some might reason that the sorrow that Augustine describes at both the deceases of his friend and female parent illustrates that decease was non looked on as a transition to life in Eden, but as a really sorrowful and distressing event. Though Augustine admits to experiencing great sorrow at the decease of those close to him, he goes on to indicate out that these feelings are simply of the imperfect organic structure. When one lets travel and listens to his psyche he will see that all things begin and end with God. For the senses of the organic structure are sulky, because they are senses of flesh and blood They are limited by their ain nature ( Confessions, 80 ) . Augustine is indicating out that though decease is a sad event, it is the transition of the psyche to god, one time one gets passed the sulky senses of the organic structure they realize and grow content. We can see this in the transition Our Life himself came down into this universe and took off our decease. He slew it with his ain abounding life, and with boom in his voice he called us from this universe to return to him in Eden ( Confessions, 82 ) . If you were a Christian in Augustine s universe, decease was a transition that one should look to once it arrives, as the joyous return to heaven ; non a loss but a great addition. It is clear that decease played an of import function in the universe of St. Augustine.
When we look at the universe of the poet of Beowulf, we see a really different universe. In the universe of the poet, life is seen as really of import ; about no idea is given to where the psyche goes after deceasing. Making the most of 1s life, while you are populating, it seems is unparalleled in importance. My male parent was a baronial leader good known among states He lived through m
any winters, and was an old adult male when he departed from this universe ( Beowulf, 10 ) . Beowulf speaks of his male parent s long life and ill fame as if that is all that is left of him. There is no reference of his religion or the transcendency of his psyche, as one would come to anticipate in the Confessions. They set a aureate streamer high over his caput ; so they gave him to the sea and allow the H2O carry him off. Their liquors were saddened, their Black Marias mournful. Work force on Earth, even the wisest of counsellors, do non cognize how to state who genuinely received that lading ( Beowulf, 4 ) . This transition clearly points to the insecurity and incredulity of life after decease that existed in the universe of the poet. This insecurity seems to be the ground that the characters of Beowulf spend all their lives seeking to make great and baronial workss so as to be remembered ever. Some might reason that the continual mentions to god as the Godhead power and the decider of each individual s destiny as a analogue to the beliefs of the Romans of St. Augustine s clip. and battle for my life, enemy against enemy ; he whom decease takes at that place must swear to the judgement of the Lord ( Beowulf, 14 ) . However, this transition entirely, though it does postulate to a belief in God much the same as in Augustine s work, loses much of its cogency when the remainder of the piece is considered. At times they made forfeits to idols in pagan temples, biding the Satan to assist them alleviate the hurt of the people ( Beowulf, 7 ) . This transition is a clear indicant that the religion in god held by the people of the poet s clip was much weaker and of a different kind than that of forth century Rome. The uncertainness of decease is strengthened by the desire of the people to hold luxuriant entombments and great memorials built after their decease so that they will ne’er be forgotten. After I have been burned on the fire, have the warriors raise a glorious hill at the headland of the sea ; it shall be a recollection to my people looming high on Hronesness, so that afterwards the mariners who drive ships far over the twilight sea will name it Beowulf s barrow ( Beowulf, 72 ) . This amour propre shown minutes before his decease contrasts aggressively with the piousness shown by St. Augustine s mother merely before her decease. she had no attention whether her organic structure was to be buried in a rich shroud or embalmed with spices, nor did she wish to hold a particular memorial or a grave in her ain state All she wanted was that we should retrieve her at your communion table, ( Confessions, 204 ) . This is a really strong illustration of how different the universe of St. Augustine and the poet were.
From the limited position of the life presented by the writers of the Confessions and Beowulf, it is easy to see that the universes in which they lived were really different. The universe of St. Augustine seems good ordered and compact with metropoliss and authorities functionaries. It seems to be a extremely rational civilization strongly influenced by faith and God. The universe of the poet seems much different in nature than that of St. Augustine. The poet s universe seems to be much less organized and huge, with assorted male monarchs as opposed to authorities functionaries. It seems to be populated with many rolling sets, and the people seem to be much less intellectually and sacredly motivated. It seems they lived simple lives in a changeless hunt for glorification and ill fame. With such different civilizations it is non hard to profess that their several positions on decease would be every bit diverse as the civilizations themselves.