St. Thomas Aquinas Essay, Research Paper
I chose to compose about Saint Thomas Aquinas because I have heard of his life and found it
interesting. There was besides a big pool of cognition to research from, about Saint
Thomas Aquinas. I besides knew he is called Doctor of the church and I wanted to larn
more about that.
I was interested in Saint Thomas Aquinas because he was misunderstood
by his equals and was besides called & # 8220 ; the Dumb Ox & # 8221 ; . I wanted to understand how person
can be so misunderstood stood and be a superb philosopher. After reading about him I
realize he was genuinely a low being who did non necessitate to turn out himself to anyone. His
love of God came foremost in his life. He was able to get the better of the obstructions in his life and
prosecute his dream of larning about God and the truth. Finding the truth in all things is
what made Thomas a great saint. Faith and truth were ever his chief idea.
Before I did the research I didn & # 8217 ; t cognize what to expect, I learned that
Thomas Aquinas was a saint, philosopher, theologian, physician of the church, and a frequenter
of Catholic universities. Many spiritual orders survey and follow the instructions and
followerss of Saint Thomas Aquinas. In this paper I have uncovered the true life of Saint
Thomas Aquinas and his methods of Theology. He strongly emphasized his belief of
divinity through revolation. By looking farther into his instructions, I have become more
familiar and experience closer to my ain personal religion.
Saint Thomas Aquinas is one of the most celebrated saints of the Catholic
Church. He is called a & # 8216 ; Doctor of the Church. & # 8217 ; He was a theologian, and philosopher. Angstrom
theologist is person who spends their life believing about Jesus & # 8217 ; life. They figure out
things about God and the Catholic religion through supplication and survey. Theologians aid
everyone learn about God.
Saint Thomas & # 8217 ; love of God and larning wasn & # 8217 ; t ever respected. His
parents sent him to a monastery when he was five old ages old to analyze and larn. His
instructors were surprised by how rapidly he learned and his great religion. But when Thomas
announced that he wanted to go a Dominican, his household tried to halt him. His
brothers captured him and locked him up in a palace. His female parent, sister and brothers kept
him at that place for two old ages.
Finally, they changed their heads, and at last Thomas was allowed to fall in
the Dominicans. Even there though, he still had some problem. Thomas was a really large
adult male with a sort and low mode. Because he didn & # 8217 ; t speak really much, everyone thought
he was stupid. They called him & # 8216 ; the ox. & # 8217 ; But when they heard him prophesy everyone
realized how wise and pious he truly was. After he became a priest, Thomas studied in
Paris and so taught at universities in many metropoliss of Europe. He wrote more than 40
books and several beautiful anthem. All of his work congratulationss God and has helped many
people understand their religion better.
At the terminal of his life, Saint Thomas stopped composing. He had a vision of
Heaven and decided that compared to the great glorification of God, his authorship was & # 8216 ; like straw. & # 8217 ;
Three months subsequently, on his manner to see the Pope, he died. He is now in Heaven, and after a
life-time of analyzing and composing about God, he is in the presence of God.
He was born in Italy in 1225, the boy of a count. When he was five old ages
old, his parents send him to analyze with the Benedictines of Monte Casino. There, and
subsequently at the university of Naples, he was taught the & # 8216 ; broad humanistic disciplines & # 8217 ; & # 8211 ; the Trivium ; grammar,
logic and rhetoric, and the Quadrium ; music, mathematics, geometry and uranology.
This was a complete instruction in those times. His instructors were surprised by his
intelligence. He particularly excelled in acquisition every bit good as practising the virtuousnesss.
When he was 19 old ages old, and old plenty to make up one’s mind how to pass his life,
he announced that he wanted to go a Dominican mendicant. His household, who by some
histories wanted him to go a Benedictine, protested violently. His female parent instructed
his brothers to capture Thomas and lock him up in a palace.
They kept him there for about two old ages, seeking one thing after another to alter his
head. They even send a adult female of bad repute into his room, but Thomas chased her
out with a piece of firing wood from the fire. After this event, he prayed to God, inquiring
for pureness of head and organic structure. Two angels appeared to him in a dream, to guarantee him that
his supplications had been answered and that God was giving him the gift of perfect celibacy.
From this, he earned the rubric & # 8216 ; Angelic Doctor. & # 8217 ;
He spent his imprisonment reading and in supplication, so when his household
eventually relented and Thomas joined his Dominican brothers, his superior exclaimed that
& # 8216 ; He had made as much advancement as if he had been in a studium generale & # 8217 ; . After he made
his vows, and was closely questioned by the Pope about his motivations for fall ining the
Black friars, he was sent to analyze under a celebrated professor of the Dominican order. In
the school, Thomas & # 8217 ; size, humbleness and reluctance to talk were misinterpreted as
obtuseness. He was given the moniker & # 8216 ; The Ox. & # 8217 ; But when his instructors and fellow pupils
heard him speak on a hard subject, they realized what a error they had made.
Soon, Saint Thomas was learning where before he had studied. He was in
great demand as a instructor and talker, often called to confabulate with the male monarch of
France and the Pope. The remainder of his life was spent praying, sermon, instruction, authorship,
and journeying. Saint Thomas wrote many theological and philosophical books, every bit good
as composing several beautiful anthem. His most celebrated work, the Summa Theologica,
was ne’er finished. During a Mass on the Feast of Saint Nicholas, the saint had a
mystical experience, one that convinced him that & # 8216 ; All that I have written seems to me like
straw compared to what has now been revealed to me. & # 8217 ;
Thomas began to fix for decease. But when he was summoned to the
Council of Lyons by Pope Gregory X, he set out. He collapsed on the manner and was taken
to the Cistercian monastery of Fossa Nuova, where he lay in his concluding unwellness for a month.
When the terminal was close and utmost smarm administered, Saint Thomas
pronounced this act of religion:
If in this universe at that place be any cognition of this sacrament stronger than
that of religion, I wish now to utilize it in confirming that I steadfastly believe and know as certain
hat Jesus Christ, True God and True adult male, Son of God and Son of the Virgin Mary, is in
this sacrament & # 8230 ; I receive Thee, the monetary value of my salvation, for Whose love I have
watched, studied and labored. Thee have I preached ; Thee have I taught. Never have I
said anything against Thee: if anything was non good said, that is to be attributed to my
ignorance. Neither do I wish to be stubborn in my sentiments, but if I have written
anything erroneous refering this sacrament or other affairs, I submit all to the
judgement and rectification of the Holy Roman Church, in whose obeisance I now pass from
He died on 7 March, 1274, and legion miracles proved his holiness. He
was canonized in 1323. After some treatment between the monastics of the house where he
died and those of his Order, his remains were transferred to the Dominican church in
Toulouse. The shrine built over the topographic point was destroyed during the Gallic revolution and
his organic structure was so moved to the Church of Saint Semin where it is today. A bone of his
left arm is preserved in the cathedral of Naples and a bone of his right arm in Rome.
The Nature and Method of the Theology of Saint Thomas Aquinas
in his divinity, St. Thomas Aquinas synthesizes assorted rules that characterize the
assorted rational traditions which he appropriated. St. Thomas & # 8217 ; divinity is based
basically on the authorization of disclosure, yet understood harmonizing to the
philosophical rule of instrumental causality. Theology begins with the truth of
Sacred Doctrine, the truth of God & # 8217 ; s cognition of Himself and of worlds & # 8217 ; as being
ordered to Him as to an terminal. Since God entirely can leave His cognition of Himself, the
act of disclosure by which it is given, and the act of religion, by which it is received, are
basically God & # 8217 ; s actions. Yet this cognition is imparted to worlds, by worlds and
for worlds. And since it is a rule of Thomistic thought that & # 8220 ; whatever is received is
received harmonizing to the manner of the receiving system, & # 8221 ; disclosure is besides a human act
conditioned by the homo. The truth of Faith is transmitted through Sacred Doctrine and
is the human engagement in Godhead scientific discipline, i.e. the cognition which God and the
blessed portion in Eden. Theology, in so far as it is distinguishable from Sacred Doctrine, is a
human scientific discipline of the Godhead. However, both start first with God and so returns
harmonizing to the human. Theology in fact differs from Sacred Doctrine merely to the extent
that in divinity the truth of religion is explicated through the more conspicuous usage of
rational statements. In fact, divinity, when decently done, will simply show all of, and
merely, the truth of Sacred Doctrine in another signifier. This is possible because of Thomas & # 8217 ;
strong belief that ground of itself can achieve truth. The human, by using religion and
ground together, can achieve the truth about godly things since both are legitimate agencies
of achieving truth.
These rules by which St. Thomas understands the construction of
divinity are an application of rules learned from Aristotle and Plato and applied to
the world of Christian disclosure. At the nucleus of his theological synthesis is what is
basically a philosophical philosophy, i.e. the existent differentiation between kernel and esse.
Since in all of creative activity a thing & # 8217 ; s esse is limited by its kernel, the lone manner to account for
it bing at all is through limitless esse doing it, and this we call God. By his
metaphysics of esse, Thomas combines God & # 8217 ; s causality of creative activity with creative activity & # 8217 ; s
engagement in the Godhead. The combination of these two traditions allows him to warrant
true rational cognition of God through analogy. Creation is, by analogy, like God since
He created it. And in having being from God, it imitates and emanates from Him and
tends toward Him who is perfect Being by be givening toward the flawlessness and
continuance of its ain being.
This last rule of emanation and return provides St. Thomas with the
construction of his Summa Theologiae. The Summa is organized in three parts: the First Part
trades with God and his originative activity ; Second Part dainties of human actions, along with
their virtuousnesss, by which God is united to human existences in the Communion of cognition
and love ; eventually, Christ and his Church are treated in the Third Part as the peculiar and
historical agencies, necessitated by the Fall of Adam and Eve.
In Christ, an consequence of God is united or returned to Himself in a mode
that extends beyond participated being, or rational Communion. In Christ, God is
united to creative activity and humanity in God & # 8217 ; s ain personal being. Therefore, the Second
Person of the Trinity is efficient cause of the humanity of Christ, God moving in a
temporal manner. As being united personally to God, Christ & # 8217 ; s humanity is the flawlessness of
human Communion and its concluding cause. And as the perfect homo, Christ is humanity & # 8217 ; s
Although St. Thomas lived less than 50 old ages, he composed more than
60 plants, some of them brief, some really drawn-out. This does non needfully intend that
every word in the reliable plant was written by his manus ; he was assisted by secretaries,
and biographers assure us that he could order to several Scribes at the same clip.
It is non possible to qualify the method of St. Thomas by one word,
unless it can be called eclectic. He chose the best that could he establish in those who
preceded him, O.K.ing what was true, rejecting the false. His powers of synthesis were
extraordinary. No author surpassed him in the module of showing in a few well-chosen
words the truth gathered from a battalion of changing and conflicting sentiments ; and in
about every case the pupil sees, the truth and is absolutely satisfied with St.
Thomas & # 8217 ; s drumhead and statement. Not that he would hold pupils swear by the words of
a maestro. In doctrine, he says, statements from authorization are of secondary importance ;
doctrine does non dwell in cognizing what work forces have said, but in cognizing the truth
In the Church. the regard in which he was held during his life has non
been diminished, but instead increased, in the class of the six centuries that have elapsed
since his decease. It is known that about all the laminitiss and framers of Torahs of spiritual
orders commanded their societies to analyze and sacredly adhere to the instructions of St.