Stalin Essay, Research Paper
Joseph Stalin was a dictator of the U.S.S.R from 1929 until 1953. He
rose from acrimonious poorness to go swayer of the state that covered one sixth of all
the land country in the universe. Stalin ruled by panic for most of his old ages in office. He
didn & # 8217 ; t let anybody to state anything about his thoughts. Stalin killed all who had
helped him lift to power because he thought they would endanger his regulations. Iosif vissarionovich dzhugashvili
was responsible for 1000000s of deceases of Soviet provincials who disagreed with his
plan called & # 8220 ; Collective Agriculture & # 8221 ; ( authorities control of farms ) . Under
Stalin & # 8217 ; s bids, the Soviet Union operated a universe broad web of
communist parties. By the clip Stalin died, communism had spread to other
states. His manner of regulation became known as & # 8220 ; Stalinism & # 8221 ; and continued to
influence many other states. The people of the Soviet brotherhood began to detest
Stalin, and most of the universe was afraid of him. He changed the Soviet Union
from one time one of the most undeveloped states to one of the most industrial
How were you able to derive absolute power in Russia?
During the 2nd half of the 1920s, I set the phase for deriving absolute
power by using police repression against resistance elements within the
Communist Party. The machinery of coercion had antecedently been used merely
against oppositions of Bolshevism, non against party members themselves. The first
victims were Politburo members Leon Trotskii, Grigorii Zinov & # 8217 ; ev, and Lev
Kamenev, who were defeated and expelled from the party in late 1927. I so
turned against Nikolai Bukharin, who was denounced as a & # 8220 ; right resistance, & # 8221 ; for
opposing his policy of forced collectivisation and rapid industrialisation at the
disbursal of the peasantry. I had eliminated all likely possible resistance to my
leading by late 1934 and was the undisputed leader of both party and province.
However, I proceeded to purge the party rank and file and to terrorise the
full state with widespread apprehensions and executings. During the resulting Great
Panic, which included the ill-famed show tests of my former Bolshevik
oppositions in 1936-1938 and reached its extremum in 1937 and 1938, 1000000s of
& # 8220 ; guiltless & # 8221 ; Soviet citizens were sent away to labour cantonments or killed in prison.
By the clip the panic subsided in 1939, I had managed to convey both the party and
the populace to a province of complete entry to his regulation. Soviet society was so
atomized and the people so fearful of reprisals that mass apprehensions were no longer
necessary. I ruled as absolute dictator of the Soviet Union throughout World War
II and until his decease in March 1953.
Why did you do the Russo-German Non-Aggression Pact with Hitler when you knew that he was an enemy of Communism?
By this Treaty, Hitler would let the Soviet invasion of Lithuania, Latvia,
Estonia and Finland, and would do his Romanian Alliess cede their state of
Moldavia to the USSR every bit good. In return, I agreed to split Poland with Germany.
This was non a wise move, for while the USSR would derive more district than
Germany, this removed all the buffer-zones between them and left the Soviets
more exposed to onslaught. Besides, by occupying these small states, I lost any opportunity
of an confederation with the British and Gallic to halt farther Nazi enlargement. I showed
a about fatal religion in Hitler & # 8217 ; s promises. He took & # 8220 ; his & # 8221 ; half of Poland and tried to
occupy the other districts & # 8220 ; given & # 8221 ; to him under the pact. In Moldavia and the
three Baltic Republics, he succeeded, but his barbarous methods destroyed any hope
that the population would be grateful that he had saved them from the Nazis. In
Poland, for illustration, he had 4,000 of the officers of the defeated Polish Army
taken to the Katyn Forest and shooting! On 21 JUNE 41, Hitler launched Operation
Barbarossa, the invasion of the Soviet Union. The combination of Red Army
disorganisation, unreadiness, popular hatred for me and my ain military
incompetency let the German encroachers reach the suburbs of Leningrad and
Moscow. They were halted by overstretched supply lines, the beginning of winter,
and ZHUKOV, one of the really few generals who had been missed by my
How much did you fear ZHUKOV knowing that he had full control of the military and cognizing that Russia would lose the war if he wasn`t around?
I had much fright of ZHUKOV because I have had so many generals like him
that i ordered to be killed because I felt they were deriving to much power. I
couldn`t make this with Zhukov because he pushed the Germans back from the Gatess
of Moscow. In the spring and summer of 1942, Hitler made one of his great
bloopers, by non completing the thrusts on Moscow and Leningrad he had begun the
twelvemonth earlier. Alternatively, his panzers were sent sou’-east, towards Stalingrad and the
oil Fieldss at Baku, on the distant Caspian Sea.
Zhukov was sent to Stalingrad, and his successes of 1941 were repeated.
The Germans, holding made enormous progresss, were halted by over-extended
supply lines, cold conditions and ferocious combat. When the winter was good
underway, Zhukov launched a counteroffensive, as he had in forepart of Moscow. But
this clip, he did non simply drive the Germans back. Alternatively, he trapped the full
Sixth Army behind Russian lines, where it surrendered! After the Battle of
Stalingrad, two things were clear. First, the USSR was no longer balanced on the
border of catastrophe ; it could still lose, but it was non traveling to make so shortly. And Zhukov
was the adult male who could salvage Mother Russia & # 8211 ; if I let him make it, for he was
besides the sort of challenger I had murdered so many times before & # 8230 ;
I truly had no pick. If I left Zhukov in bid, the winning general
MIGHT force out me, but if I purged Zhukov, the war would SURELY be lost.
I had to maintain Zhukov, and, for the remainder of the war, in malice of my rubrics, it
was Zhukov & # 8217 ; s skill that drove the Germans back to Berlin, and won the war. I
was far more fortunate than I deserved, for Zhukov served me dependably to the
terminal of his life. Not acquiring rid of General ZHUKOV was one of the best determinations i
made during my regulation in the U.S.S.R.
Why were you such a barbarous dictator?
Before one took control in Russia, Russia was a really weak industrial state
and even though the five-year-plan was thought of by Lenin im the 1 who had to
do that vision a world and I think that making a constabulary province was the lone manner
to make it because alot of people weren`t ready to collaborate. Russia needed a brutal
dictator like me because Russia needed a government that would do the five-year-
program work. Alot of people were oppose to my regulation but they knew that I was the
leader and that they had to hold with me or else! I was paranoiac for a good ground
because if I wasn`t cautious I would of been assassinated. By being such a brutal
dictator gained me the peoples fear. The fact is non many dictators died of natural
causes, my ways served me good.
What would you state to critics who compare you with Adolph Hitler?
Even though we hated eachother I will acknowledge that we were similar in many
ways. We both rose to the highest place attainable in our states. There were
three chief grounds which made it possible for us to make this. We wre both skilled
users of propaganda and we both had the aspiration to do our states powerful
in the universe. We were able to writhe peoples heads ( encephalon wash ) in to believing that
what we were stating was in fact the absolute truth. I would state that we were both
really similar exept for the fact that Hitlers thoughts were about impossive to acheive.
Unlike me Hitler was be aftering to take over the universe on the other manus I was merely
to do my ain state better.
Why did you do Russia a Athiest state?
I believe that faith is false and it would merely give people thoughts that would
definately non assist my programs. First I outlawed faith from schools because I
I wouldn`t want our immature people to be encephalon washed by that folly. I think that
faith is what made Russia a weak state in the first topographic point. If faith wasn`t
around earlier, male monarchs would non be able to state that it was there god given right to
regulation. Without faith in the manner I was able to distribute all sorts of propaganda and
there was no 1 who could challenge it because they knew that if they did it would
mean there life.