Stonehenge Essay, Research PaperDespite the many intents it seems to function, Stonehenge is still the incarnationof enigma for most of the universe. Some believe that its intent was to be usedas an astronomical observatory.

Others think that it was used as a spiritualmeeting centre for the Druids. However, no 1 has been able to turn out its truesignificance and being. Stonehenge is believed to hold been built in three chiefperiods.

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The first took topographic point between 3100 and 2700 B. C. This portion of thebuilding consisted of constructing a immense ditch around the country in whichStonehenge was to be built ( Castleden 1 ) . This ditch was 320 ft. in diameterwith a broken country in which the entryway is located. Just inside the ditch 56holes were dug equal distance from each other. These holes were so filled withchalk debris, but some of the holes were filled with the castanetss of cremated homoexistences. These holes were called the Aubrey holes after their inventor JohnAubrey.

To the nor’-east of the ditch a 16ft. tall heel rock was erected ( Brown751 ) . The 2nd stage of the edifice is non-existent to this twenty-four hours ( Warwick andTrump I t can nevertheless be inferred by to holes known as the? Q? and? R?holes. The two holes form a dual circle around the memorial. It was originallyfilled with 38 bluish rocks.

Besides during this edifice stage two ditches were dugparallel to each other. The two ditches go outward from the entryway. This portionof the edifice procedure is believed to be unfinished.

This idea is due to thefact that some holes are losing in the dual circles ( Brown 751 ) . The 3rdstage in edifice is the most dramatic of all the stages. This is because ofthe 100ft.

Circle that is filled with 30 sarsen rock columns which weighs 25dozenss individually. A continuous circle of header rocks held in topographic point by morticeand tenon articulations tops them off. Inside the circle is the holes known as the? Ten? and? Y? holes. Besides indoors are a little horseshoe form ofbluestones. The largest bluestone is called the communion table rock. This communion tablerock? s original location and significance is unknown. It now lies under two fallentrilithon rock.

The builders of this age of Stonehenge are the Wessex civilizationof the early Bronze Age ( Brown 752 ) . Those who constructed Stonehenge may ne’erbe known. There are many myths and legends as to who truly built the immensememorial. On such myth is that the great magician Merlin built Stonehenge. Thiswas claimed in the book History of the Kings of Britains written by Geoffrey ofMonmouth. Harmonizing to Geoffrey the immense rocks were taken from Ireland andmoved to England where they were marked as a burial land for slain Britishprinces.

This memorial was set up by King Ambrosius. He sent for Merlin to givehim a memorial. Merlin suggested the? Dance of the Giants? in Ireland.However the Irish were non traveling to give up their memorial without a battle.

Theyhad set up an ground forces to support the elephantine memorial from King Ambrosius? s ground forces ofsoldiers sent to bring the memorial. The British defeated the Irish but couldnon stir the elephantine rocks in any manner, form, or signifier. Merlin, nevertheless, could.He came to their deliverance and moved the rocks with the greatest of easiness.

Thisnarrative was a good account to all mediaeval trusters. Outline I. ConstructionA. Phases 1. Time period I 2.

Period II 3. Period III B. Builders 1. Kelts and Druids2. Merlin and King Ambrossius II. Purpose A.

Solstice Calendar B. DruidsMeetings C. Astronomical Events III. Feeling toward Stonehenge A. PeoplessFeelingss Then B. Peoples Feelingss now