Stonehenge Essay, Research PaperStonehengeMedieval MathematicssMathematics in Medieval times was apparent at Stonehenge. Stonehenge and its intent remains an enigma even now, more than 4,000 old ages after it was foremost constructed. It could hold been a temple, an astronomical calendar, or usher to the celestial spheres. Despite the fact that we don & # 8217 ; t cognize its intent for certain, Stonehenge acts as a prehistoric timekeeper, leting us to speculate what it would hold been like during the Neolithic Period, and who could hold built this ancient admiration.Stonehenge stands on unfastened land of the Salisbury Plain two stat mis west of the town of Amesbury, Wiltshire, in Southern England. It is non a individual construction but is made up of a series of Earth, lumber, and rock constructions that were revised and re-modelled over a period of more than 1400 old ages.
Construction took topographic point in three stages, over 25 coevalss. It stands to a tallness of 330 foots above sea degree. Most of it was the consequence of human musculus and a system of ropes and wooden levers used to transport the monolithic rocks.
Crude tools, such as ruddy cervid antlers, were used to delve up the calcareous countryside of Salisbury Plain, which was so taken away on oxen shoulder blades. The design and building involved 1000s of people.Architecture of StonehengeThe earliest part of the complex day of the months to about 2950-2900 BCE. It is comprised of a round bank, ditch, and counterscarp bank of about 330 pess in diameter. Just inside the Earth bank is a circle of the 56 Aubrey holes that held wooden stations.Around 2100-2000 B.C.
E. , a circle about 108 pess in diameter comprised originally of 30 unsloped sand blocks standing 13 pess above the land, about 6.5 pess broad, and 3 pess thick, back uping a uninterrupted ring of & # 8220 ; sarsen headers & # 8221 ; was constructed in the centre of the original circle.
A small subsequently the form of a horseshoe was added to the centre it was made up of 10 unsloped sarsens arranged as five braces with a individual header.About 2,000 BC, the first rock circle ( which is now the interior circle ) , comprised of little bluestones, was set up, but abandoned before completion. The rocks used in that first circle are believed to be from the Prescelly Mountains, located approximately 240 stat mis off, at the southwesterly tip of Wales. The bluestones weigh up to 4 dozenss each and about 80 rocks were used, in all. Given the distance they had to go, this presented rather a transit job. Modern theories speculate that, & # 8220 ; the rocks were dragged by roller and sleigh from the inlandmountains to the headwaters of Milford Haven.
There they were loaded onto tonss, flatboats or boats and sailed along the south seashore of Wales, so up the Rivers Avon and Frome to a point near contemporary Frome in Somerset” .Calendar TheoryIn 1964 the American uranologist Gerald S. Hawkins used findings obtained by providing a computing machine with measurings taken at Stonehenge together with astronomical information based on heavenly places in 1500 BC when Stonehenge was in usage. Harmonizing to Hawkins the Stonehenge composite could hold been used to foretell the summer and winter solstices, the youthful and autumnal equinoxes, and occultations of both the Sun and Moon. Hawkynss determined that Stonehenge functioned as a agency of foretelling the places of the Sun and Moon in relation to the Earth, and besides the seasons, and he went every bit far as to connote that it was besides used as a day-to-day calendar.
Peoples could larn the clip of twelvemonth by watching how the Sun and Moon rose and set comparative to accurately placed rocks and cavities. The arrangement of the bowlders at Stonehenge, nevertheless, is non accurate by today & # 8217 ; s criterions, nor even by the criterions of that clip. The alliance besides made it clear that whoever built Stonehenge had precise astronomical cognition of the way of the Sun and must hold known before building began exactly where the Sun rose at morning in the center of summer in the forenoon. Today most bookmans interpret Stonehenge as a memorial to the Sun in jubilation of the predictability of the seasons.BibliographyMentionDating Stonehenge.
Retrieved October 28, 2000 from the World Wide Web: hypertext transfer protocol: //exn.ca/mysticplaces/stonehenge.cfmDimitrakopoulos, S. ( 2000 ) . Mysterious Places.
Discovery Channel Canada. Retrieved October 28, 2000 from the World Wide Web: hypertext transfer protocol: //exn.ca/mysticplaces/stonehenge.
cfmAshmawy, A. ( 2000 ) . Stonehenge. Retrieved October 28, 2000 from the World Wide Web: hypertext transfer protocol: //ce.eng.usf.
edu/pharos/wonders/ Forgotten/ stonehenge.htmlEncarta Encyclopedia. ( 2000 ) . Stonehedge Retrieved October 28, 2000 from the World Wide Web: hypertext transfer protocol: //encarta.msn.com/find/ MediaMax.
asp? pg=3 & A ; ti=761553375 & A ; idx=461575235Tulane University. ( 1999 ) .Stonehenge English enigma and fact Retrieved October 28, 2000 from the World Wide Web: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.tulane.edu/~kidder/Anth % 20201/ Lecture % 20outlines/Anth % 20201 % 20lect % 2027 % 20outline.
htmlArchaeology Explorer. ( 1999 ) .Stonehenge Retrieved October 28, 2000 from the World Wide Web: hypertext transfer protocol: //www.iversonsoftware. com/business /archaeology/Stonehenge.htm