Susan B. Anthony Essay, Research PaperI. Susan B. Anthony: A Biographical IntroductionSusan Brownell Anthony was born on February 15, 1820 inAdams, Massachusetts to Daniel and Lucy Anthony. Susan wasthe 2nd Born of eight kids in a rigorous Quaker household.
Her male parent, Daniel Anthony, was said to hold been a austereadult male, a Quaker Abolitionist and a cotton maker Bornnear the decision of the 18th century. From what Iread, he believed in & # 8220 ; steering & # 8221 ; his kids, non in& # 8216 ; directing & # 8217 ; them. Daniel Anthony did non let hisoffspring to see the infantile amusements of playthings,games, and music, which were seen as distractions from the& # 8220 ; inner light. & # 8221 ; Alternatively he enforced self-denial,principled strong beliefs, and the belief in one & # 8217 ; s owndignity.Each of my beginnings indicates that Susan was a precociouskid and she learned to read and compose at the age of three.
In 1826, the Anthonys moved from Massachusetts toBattensville, New York where Susan attended a territoryschool. When the instructor refused to learn Susan longdivision, Susan was taken out of school and taught in a& # 8220 ; place school & # 8221 ; set up by her male parent. The school was run by aadult female instructor, Mary Perkins. Perkins offered a new image ofmuliebrity to Susan and her sisters. She was independent andeducated and held a place that had traditionally beenreserved to immature work forces. Ultimately, Susan was sent toget oning school near Philadelphia. She taught at a femaleacademy and Quaker get oning school, in upstate New York from1846-49. Afterwards, she settled in herhousehold place in Rochester, New York.
It was here that shebegan her first public campaign on behalf of moderation( Anthony, 1975 ) .II. The Struggle for Women & # 8217 ; s RightsSusan B. Anthony & # 8217 ; s first engagement in the universe ofreform was in the moderation motion. This was one of thefirst looks of original feminism in the United Statesand it dealt with the maltreatments of adult females and kids whosuffered from alcoholic hubbies. The first adult females & # 8217 ; s rightsconvention had taken topographic point in Seneca Falls, New York, inJuly of 1848. The declaration that emerged was modeled afterthe Declaration of Independence.
Written by Elizabeth CadyStanton, it claimed that & # 8220 ; all work forces and adult females are createdequal & # 8221 ; and that & # 8220 ; the history of world is a history ofrepeated hurts and trespasss on the portion of adult male towardadult female & # 8221 ; ( Harper, 1993, vol. 1 ) . Following a long list ofgrudges were declarations for just Torahs, equaleducational and occupation chances, and the right to vote.
One twelvemonth subsequently in 1849, Susan B. Anthony gave her firstpublic address for the & # 8220 ; Daugters of Temperance & # 8221 ; and sohelped to establish the Woman & # 8217 ; s State Temperance Society of NewYork, one of the first such organisations of its clip.In 1851, she went to Syracuse to go to a series ofanti-slavery meetings. During this clip Susan met ElizabethStanton in individual, became fast friends, andlater joined her and another adult female named AmeliaBloomer in runs for adult females & # 8217 ; s rights. In 1854, shedevoted herself to the anti-slavery motion functioning from1856 to the eruption of the civil war in 1861. Here, SusanB.
Anthony served as an agent for the American Anti-slaverySociety. Afterwards, she collaborated with Stanton andpublished the New York broad hebdomadally, & # 8220 ; The Revolution. & # 8221 ;( from 1868-70 ) which called for equal wage for adult females ( Harper,1993, vols. 1 & A ; 2 ) .In 1872, Susan demanded that adult females be given the samecivil and political rights that had been extended to blackmales under the 14th and 15th amendments. Therefore, she led agroup of adult females to the polls in Rochester to prove the rightof adult females to vote. She was arrested two hebdomads subsequently and whileexpecting test, engaged in extremely publicized talk Tourssand in March 1873, she tried to vote once more in metropoliselections.
After being tried and convicted of go againsting thevoting Torahs, Susan succeeded in her refusal to pay the mulctof one hundred dollars. From so on- she campaignedinfinitely for a federal adult female right to vote amendment through theNational Woman Suffrage Association ( NAWSA ) ( from 1869-90 )and the National American Woman Suffrage Association ( from1890-1906 ) and by talking throughout the state every bit good( Barry, 1988 ) .III. After Antony: The Struggle ContinuesThe battle to finally win the ballot was a slow andthwarting one.
Wyoming District in 1869, Utah Territoryin 1870, and the provinces of Colorado in 1893 and Idaho in1896 given adult females the ballot but the Eastern provinces stillresisted it. The woman-suffrage amendment to the FederalFundamental law, presented to every Congress since 1878,repeatedly failed to go through.Over a coevals subsequently, when the United States enteredWorld War I in April 1917, the NAWSA pledged its support.
Thousands of suffragists folded patchs in their localcentral offices and volunteered to work in infirmaries andauthorities offices. The right to vote leaders hoped that afterthe war American adult females would be rewarded with the ballot fortheir loyal attempts.Some feminist leaders split with the NAWSA over itssupport of the war. Another adult female named Alice Paul led theCongressional Union for Women & # 8217 ; s Suffrage, subsequently called theNational Woman & # 8217 ; s party, in fomenting for the ballot during thewar. Another group, the New York subdivision of the Woman & # 8217 ; sPeace party, led by a adult female named Crystal Eastman, refusedto back up the war & # 8220 ; to do the universe safe for democracy & # 8221 ;P >when American adult females did non hold democratic rights. Thenational Woman & # 8217 ; s Peace party, headed by Jane Addams,supported a peace colony but did non openly oppose thewar ( Meyer, 1987 ) .Congress eventually did go through the adult females & # 8217 ; s right to vote measure inJune 1919, and the 19th Amendment to the Constitution becamejurisprudence on August 26 of 1920.
With that one happening,about 25 million adult females had won the rightto vote ( Meyer, 1987 ) . Following the right to vote triumph,NAWSA members transferred their commitment to the freshlycreated League of Women Voters, a non-partisan organisationdedicated to educating adult females on political issues. TheNational Woman & # 8217 ; s party worked toward an amendment to theConstitution supplying complete equality of rights foradult females. The Woman & # 8217 ; s Peace party became attached withanother pacificist group, the Women & # 8217 ; s International League forPeace and Freedom.In Great Britain, as in the United States, woman-suffrageworkers divided into two cantonments & # 8211 ; the moderate National Unionof Women & # 8217 ; s Suffrage Societies and the hawkish Women & # 8217 ; sSocial and Political Union, led by Emmeline Pankhurst andher girls Christabel and Sylvia. A measure confabulatingright to vote on adult females over 30 was passed by the BritishParliament in 1918.
Ten old ages subsequently the age bound waslowered to 21. Meanwhile, New Zealand had granted fullright to vote in 1893, and Australia in 1902. Womans had won fullright to vote in Finland in 1906 and in Norway in 1913 and werevoting in most states by the clip World War II broke out.In 1945, Nipponese adult females besides received the right to vote.
Womans voted for the first clip in France in 1945. Womans inItaly won the right to vote one twelvemonth subsequently in 1946.( Meyer, 1987 ) .IV. Conclusive RemarksSusan B.
Anthony, along with Stanton and Matilda JoslynPot had published & # 8220 ; The History of Woman Suffrage & # 8221 ; ( in fourvolumes released from 1881-1902 ) In 1888, she organized theInternational Council of Women and in 1904 the InternationalWoman Suffrage Alliance ( Harper, 1993, vol. 3 ) . AlthoughAnthony did non populate to see the consummation of her attemptsto win the right to vote for adult females, the constitution of the19th amendment is profoundly owed to her attempts.Susan B. Anthony died of natural causes in 1906 but aswas indicated within the old subdivision, her dreamssurely did non decease with her.
Anthony is known to holdever acknowledged Stanton as the laminitis of the adult females & # 8217 ; srights motion. Her ain accomplishment ballad in her inspirationand doggedness in conveying together huge Numberss of peopleof both sexes around the individual end of the ballot.Because of Aunt Susan & # 8217 ; s love for adult females & # 8217 ; s rights anddoggedness in her cause, adult females today undeniably bask agreat many more rights and privileges than those of theold century. For one hundred old ages ago, a adult female wasruled by a authorities and a jurisprudence in which she had no voiceand no say. If she felt herself wronged in any manner, form,or form- she had no manner of doing the fact known to the jurisprudence,or no manner in which she might propose a remedying solutionfor it. It was an unheard of thing for a adult female to talk outin public. None of the state & # 8217 ; s colleges or universitiesadmitted adult females as pupils. Females were barred from aboutallprofitable employments, and in those that we were permittedto prosecute, adult females received merely one one-fourth of the adult male & # 8217 ; scompensation for the same work ; females could ne’er gonon go a physician or attorney, or, & # 8211 ; except within theSociety of Friends, & # 8211 ; a curate ( Lutz, 1976 ) .
If she was married any rewards she might gain were nonhers, but must be handed by the employer to her hubby, whowas in every manner her maestro, the jurisprudence even giving him thepower to castigate or penalize her. The Torahs of divorce were soframed as to be entirely irrespective of the felicity of adult females,in every instance the adult male ever deriving the control of thechildren- even if he were the wrongdoer in the instance. A male parentcould apprentice his kids without the leave of thefemale parent, and at his decease could name a defender for them,thereby taking them from the female parent & # 8217 ; s control. Manendeavored in every manner possible to destruct adult female & # 8217 ; sassurance in her powers, to decrease her self-respect and todo her willing to take a dependent, subservient life. Ittruly seemed as if adult male had assumed the powers of the Lordhimself in claiming it as his right to state adult female what shemight or might non make, and what was or was non her topographic point.For more than half a century, Susan B. Anthony hadfought for alteration in the signifier of adult females & # 8217 ; s rights. Harmonizingto my research, many people impolitely made merriment of her.
Someinsulted her. Nevertheless, she traveled from county tocounty in New York and other provinces doing addresss andforming nines for adult females & # 8217 ; s rights.She pleaded her cause with every president from AbrahamLincoln to Theodore Roosevelt. On July 2, 1979, the U.S.
Mint suitably honored her work by publishing thewell-known Susan B. Anthony dollar coin ( Barry, 1988 ) .BibliographyV. BibliographyAnthony, Katherine S. Susan B. Anthony: Her PersonalHistory and Era.Re-Printed in 1975.Barry, K.
, Susan B. Anthony. Printed in 1988.Harper, I. H. , The Life and Work of Susan B. Anthony,3 vols.
1898-1908 ; reprinted in 1993.Lutz, Alma, Susan B. Anthony. Reprinted in 1976.Meyer, Donald.
, Sex and Power: The Rise of Women All Oeerthe World. ,Printed in 1987.