Taiwan was originally occupied by theTaiwanese Aborigines until Dutch colonization in the seventeenth century. TheDutch encouraged Chinese immigration which caused the rapid arrival of many HanChinese and Hakka immigrants from Chinese provinces. However, in 1662, Dutch surrendered Taiwanto Zheng Chenggong.
He established a Ming-style government while promoting Chineseculture. For a while, the island was governed as part of Fujian province.During that period, Chinese officials sent to govern Taiwan did not take theirjob seriouslySL1 . The Qing governmentwas also occupied by Manchu rule not Han Chinese, who were ethnically Chinese.The Manchu are an ethnic minority in China from the Northeastern China, whichis known as Manchuria today. During that time period, they were not seen asethnically Chinese even though the Manchu have been in control of thegovernment since the Jin Dynasty in 1115 until the fall of the Qing Dynasty in1911.
The Treaty of Shimonoseki caused China to lose Taiwan to Japan. DuringJapanese rule, Japanese leaders created “race” classification which were usedfor household registers. This type of “race” classification gave the Taiwanesea strong sense of the different types of ethnicity and race in Taiwan andseparated the Aborigines from the Taiwanese citizens. This was the first timethere was an idea of a Taiwanese identity, and it was just simply an identitythat the Aborigines were different from the Chinese immigrants.
Eventually,Taiwan was returned to China after the second Sino-Japanese War, and theKuomintang (KMT) party, or Nationalist party, became in charge of Taiwan.During the Nationalist rule, the martial laws implemented after the February 28thIncident, separated those who identified as Taiwanese and those who wereconsidered Mainlanders. Taiwanese identity was heavily influenced by the ideaof a national identity that separated the Mainlanders that came during the KMTperiod and those who came before that, and this idea was cultivated after theJapanese rule, February 28th Incident, and the rise of Lee Teng Hui. SL1