Technological Improvement Essay, Research PaperMany people today assume automatically that engineering is advancement. Still, thereis some unfavorable judgment of this position in America, partly because of twentieth centurywars and weaponries races. Marx visited China in 1984, and it seemed as though theChinese were improbably optimistic about western engineering, and had smallsense any jobs that engineering might make. Where did this thought ofengineering as advancement semen from, and where do the roots of misgiving ofengineering semen from? Early Americans like Ben Franklin saw engineering as aagencies to accomplishing societal and political release for the multitudes ; it was portionof the rebellion from dictatorship.
If some engineering, particularly the millsystem, would endanger these societal and political ends, so that thing International Relations and Security Network & # 8217 ; Tworth its monetary value in quality of life and should be rejected. As America becamemore industrialised, the new industrialists who had both money and power came tosee the engineering which they helped bring forth as an terminal in itself, or as a agencyto more strictly economic terminals. The used phrases like “ manifest fate ”and “ the conquering of nature ” to assist warrant the increasing forces ofengineering, even at the cost of the environment or Native Americans, all in thename of “ civilisation. ” Technological promotion is seen aspromotion, period, irrespective of what societal and political alterations it mightbring. There was a great trade of optimism that if we continue to do scientificinventions, the remainder & # 8211 ; quality of life, and societal and political ideals & # 8211 ; willtake attention of itself automatically.
The “ technocratic ” ideal, whichsees everything as partsof the machine, began to take control, and human-centeredends like justness, freedom, and self-fulfillment became secondary. Technologywas accepted unquestioningly, and efficiency and scientific advancement were thechief ends. This is the phase that the Chinese seem to be at, says Marx.
However, there was some recoil from the technocratic position. Emerson, Thoreau,and others questioned whether we were refashioning America for the better, andwhether we were get downing to about idolize engineering. They questioned whethernew innovations were “ improved means to unimproved terminals ” ( p.
12 ) , andwhether we & # 8217 ; re going “ the tools of our tools ” ( p. 12 ) . However, itwas difficult to take this excessively earnestly when rapid betterments were being made inthe material conditions of life. Today, as we & # 8217 ; re going aware of some of theunintended effects of engineering, many people are get downing to inquire ifengineering is ever a good thing. Is engineering better used as a tool forsocietal and political advancement, or is it alternatively an terminal in itself? Furthermore, canengineering remedy all of our societal and political jobs ( for illustration, SDI ) ? Theearly impression of advancement which saw engineering as a mere means to more of importterminals provided natural bounds, and a manner of measuring peculiar pieces ofengineering.
If, nevertheless, we view engineering as an terminal in itself, we & # 8217 ; re non ledto of all time oppugn its value or topographic point any bounds on it. Marx thinks we need tosee what we want our engineerings to carry through. Does engineering intendadvancement? Progress toward what, Marx asks. What are our ends? When we answerthat inquiry, we can see that engineering does non automatically intend advancementtoward those ends