Teenage Pregnancy Essay, Research Paper

Recent statistics have shown a go oning addition in adolescent gestation in the

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United States. This addition is of peculiar concern because adolescent female parents and

their babes face increased hazards to their wellness. The birth rate for immature

teens ( age 15 to 17 ) is steadily lifting. Between 1986 and 1991, the rate

increased by 27 per centum ( from a rate of 30.5 to a rate of 38.7 per 1,000 adult females ) .

In 1991 ( the most recent twelvemonth for which informations are available ) , about 4 in 100

misss ages 15 to 17 had a babe. ( 1 ) About 1 million adolescents become pregnant

each twelvemonth, and more than 530,000 give birth. ( 1 ) About 13 % of all U.S. births in

1991 were to teens. ( 1 ) Teenage gestation and birth rates in the U.S. exceed

those in most developed states. ( 2 ) Teens excessively frequently have hapless eating wonts,

and may smoke, imbibe intoxicant and take drugs, increasing the hazard that their

babes will be born with wellness jobs. Pregnant teens are least likely of all

maternal age groups to acquire early and regular prenatal attention. In 1991,11 per centum

of adolescent female parents received late or no antenatal attention. ( 1 ) ( The overall norm is 6

per centum. ) A teenage female parent is more at hazard of gestation complications such as

premature or prolonged labour, anaemia and high blood force per unit area. These hazards are

even greater for teens who are less than 15 old ages old. ( 3 ) Three million teens

are affected by sexually transmitted diseases yearly, out of the 12 million

instances reported. ( 4 ) These include chlamydia ( which can do asepsis ) , pox

( which can do blindess, decease, and decease to the baby ) and AIDS, which is

fatal to the female parent and can infect the baby. A babe born to a teenage female parent

is more at hazard than a babe born to an older female parent. Nine per centum of teenage

misss have low-birthweight babes ( under 5.5 pounds. ) , compared to 7 per centum of all

female parents nationally. ( 1 ) Low-birthweight babes may hold variety meats that are non to the full

developed. This can take to lung jobs such as respiratory hurt syndrome,

& gt ; or shed blooding in the encephalon. Low-birthweight babes are 40 times more likely to decease

in their first month of life than normal-weight babes. Life is frequently hard

for a teenage female parent and her kid. One in three adolescent female parents drops out of high

school. With her instruction cut short, a teenage female parent may miss occupation accomplishments,

doing it difficult for her to happen and maintain a occupation. A teenage female parent may go

financially dependent on her household or on public assistance. Teenss may non hold developed

good parenting accomplishments, or have social-support systems to assist them cover with the

emphasis of raising an baby. The March of Dimes Birth Defects Foundation The

mission of the March of Dimes is to better the wellness of babes by forestalling

birth defects and infant mortality. Through its Campaign for Healthier Babies,

the March of Dimes financess plans of research, community services, instruction and

protagonism. Because of the hazards involved in adolescent gestation to both female parent and

kid, the March of Dimes strongly urges adolescent misss to detain childbirth.

Teenss who are already pregnant can better their opportunities of holding a healthy

babe by: ~Getting early and regular prenatal attention from a physician or clinic.

~Eating a alimentary and balanced diet. ~Consuming 0.4 mgs of folic acid

( the sum found in most multivitamin addendums ) daily to cut down the hazard of

serious birth defects of the encephalon and spinal column. ~Avoiding smoke ( and secondhand

fume when possible ) and alcoholic drinks. ~Avoiding all drugs, unless

recommended by a physician or wellness attention supplier who is cognizant of the gestation.

Programs and educational stuffs associating to adolescent gestation are available from

the March of Dimes, including the booklets, “ Teens Talk Sex, ”

“ Teenss Talk Drugs ” and “ AIDS & # 8230 ; What We Need to Know ” and the

“ Clear Vision ” and “ Rockabye ” audiovisuals, which are aimed

at the junior high and high school audience. Reach your local March of Dimes

chapter for telling information.

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