Tennis A Sociological Perspective Essay, Research Paper
Young people have to give a big part of their clip to surveies and/or parttime work. As a consequence, many of them do non hold adequate clip to prosecute in leisure activities. Some people, someway, manage to happen some trim clip to prosecute in a figure of leisure activities in order to let go of the force per unit area from tiring day-to-day modus operandi.
Although people may be able to happen clip to make athleticss, merely a really little figure are found on the tennis tribunal. This is surprising for the ground that tennis is a popular athletics in many states. Despite its popularity, there are many perceivable barriers in footings of age, race and gender.
Because of the high velocity and power of the game, tennis has a great demand on physical strength. Most people who engage in tennis are in their adolescence or early maturity. While a figure of seniors find it difficult to maintain up the gait and finally change to other less strict activities such as: jogging, swimming, golfing and bowling. 10-times expansive sweep title-holder and former universe No.1, Ivan Lendl, at the age of 38, admitted to the Tennis Magazine & # 8220 ; I have increased my involvement in Golf over the past few old ages as I feel that my physical strength is decreasing in a rapid fashion. & # 8221 ; The mean age of a female participant who is ranked in the top 100 is 21.91 while the mean age of a male participant who is ranked in the top 100 is 25.32. The tendency of the mean age of the tennis participants is still diminishing. It is non surprising that all of my fellow tennis spouses are in their early 20 & # 8217 ; s. Most of them are college pupils who manage to pass some clip on the tennis tribunal.
Race seems to be a factor in finding the likeliness of a individual going a
1 Datas from WTA web site
2 Datas from ATP web site
tennis participant. There are two obvious natural causes of such racial differences: clime or geographical status and physical statue. Everyone realizes that ice hockey is mostly a European and North American athletics because of the cold conditions and ice field handiness. Although tennis does non necessitate such particular demand of an ice field and skates, still, the bulk people who play tennis are white. Although affluent abodes have entree to tennis installations in larger African metropoliss such as Johannesburg, Cairo and Casablanca, many states still do non hold a standard tennis tribunal unfastened for public. The deficiency of equal tennis tribunal, rackets and support in athleticss plans that discourage many African abodes in playing tennis.
Traditionally, merely a few Asiatics are engage in tennis. Shorter people tend to hold more jobs with functioning and volleying than taller people do. Because of the physical disadvantages, Asians are more likely to prosecute in athleticss that do non hold such evident disadvantages. For illustration, table tennis, gymnastic exercises and badminton. Though in recent old ages, more and more Asiatics are willing to pick up their rackets, possibly inspired by the success of Michael Chang. Michael Chang is American born Chinese and he is about 173 centimeter tall. Chang overcame his physical disadvantage and won the esteemed Gallic Open in 1989. He still holds the honor of being the youngest male participant of all time to win a expansive sweep rubric. In add-on to the recent successes of Michael Chang, Kimiko Date and a few other Asiatic participants, technological betterment of the tennis equipment besides encourages more Asiatic to play tennis. In peculiar, the extra-long racket which helps shorter participant to function and volley more accurately and strongly.
While the figure of Asiatic tennis participants has increased steadily over the past decennary, the Numberss of black participants remain unchanged in most states. The deficiency of installation disadvantage is non the lone ground for the deficiency of black participants.
Controversially, the racial bias is another immense ground. Professional jock & # 8217 ; s sentiments about racism discourage many colored people from playing the athletics. Recent racism contention between Venus William and Irina Spirlea has worsened the racial jobs in tennis. During the semi-final lucifer of the 1997 US Open semi-final, Irina Spirlea intentionally or unpurposely gave Venus an cubitus. Aftewards, they have been verbally insulted each other in a Numberss of occasions. Phases like white Meleagris gallopavo and black imbecile decidedly do the racism job in tennis even more complicated. The racism accounts for the major ground on why the inkinesss in the United States, who have entree to public tennis tribunal, still are non that involvement in tennis anyhow. The deficiency of black & # 8217 ; s success in major
tennis tourneies is surely another factor for such attitude. In add-on to that, black kids grow up under the powerful influences of NBA. They admire leading NBA participants and other jocks who shine in path and field. It is rather apprehensible that they will seek to happen their manner into those athleticss alternatively of tennis.
While race seems to be an of import factor in finding whether a individual will prosecute in tennis, gender may be an even a more dominant factor. Some people think that tennis is excessively disputing for adult females because of the physical demand. Therefore, misss are non supposed to prosecute in such strict athletics. Besides, when people think about adult females tennis participants, many of them have the & # 8220 ; Hollywoood-stereotype & # 8221 ; that some upper category misss are have oning short skirts and assemblage in the tennis tribunal on a regular basis. Rarely do a individual tie in a athleticss figure with adult females tennis participants. In response to the stereotype and inequality between work forces and adult females participants, Monica Seles, a nine times expansive slam victor and youngest of all time adult female title-holder of Gallic Open, told the media at a imperativeness conference that, & # 8221 ; It & # 8217 ; s a traditional common sense, but I think a batch of traditions should change. & # 8221 ; ( Seles, 119 ) There is barely any grounds to demo or propose that tennis is excessively disputing for adult females but it is still a stereotype for a batch of people. Even though more and more immature adult females are willing to pick up a tennis racket, Women Tennis Association ( WTA ) points out that more than 69 % of people whom play tennis are males. Besides, they have found it hard to advance the game to adult females, particularly black adult females. The President of the Women Tennis Player Association and one of the greatest tennis participant of all clip, Martina Navrat
ilova expresses her concern about advancing the positive images of tennis to adult females, particularly to black adult females.
Peoples who are engage in tennis are likely to be in-between category in the society. It is because the cost associated with tennis. First, the cost for tennis rackets. Second the rent for tennis tribunal. Unlike football or hoops, in which the cost of the ball is shared by a big group of people, everyone has to hold a tennis racket. Besides, because of the limited tennis tribunals in rural countries, it discourages many rural occupants from take parting in tennis.
Personally, I choose to take part in tennis because of three major grounds: force per unit area from equal group, societal tendency, and household & # 8217 ; s encouragement. I picked up the tennis racket five old ages ago. I had no involvement in the game. I did so merely to back up my friend & # 8217 ; s tennis nine. They needed plenty people to acquire support. Furthermore, most of my friends in high school were tennis participants. If I do non play tennis, I was afraid that I might be isolated. Playing tennis was surely a demand for socialisation with fellow pupils before I eventually developed my involvement in the game. To some extent, I think I am besides a by-product of & # 8220 ; Michael Chang phenomenon & # 8221 ; every bit good. Because of Chang & # 8217 ; s success in tennis despite the disadvantage of physical statue, I wanted to seek this ambitious game every bit good. While most people around me were speaking about Chang and tennis, it would be to my advantage to seek this game and see the thaumaturgy. Last but non least, I started this activity because I besides wanted to fulfill by parents & # 8217 ; legion petitions for me to acquire more physical exercisings.
One of my best tennis spouses, Joshua, has chosen to prosecute in tennis because he thinks tennis is a cool game. He decidedly thinks tennis is a voguish activity and he peculiarly likes the good looking outfit, tennis rackets. More significantly, Joshua thinks playing tennis can assist him to day of the month with misss because of tennis & # 8217 ; high position in Asiatic civilization. In China, tennis is regarded as a high-class athletics. Unlike table tennis and hoops, which are classified as common athleticss, playing tennis is like a mark of good gustatory sensation, which improves a individual & # 8217 ; s societal position or societal category. It is interesting to observe that Joshua has non played any tennis recently because he has changed to soccer for some more attractive New Jersey and the lifting popularity of association football among misss. Sport, to some grade, and to some people, is a voguish avocation in society.
Now a yearss, tennis is so popular that people from different parts of the universe engage in this exciting activity. Although each person may hold a particular ground for prosecuting in tennis, people with the same cultural background are likely to hold similar grounds. Significant fluctuations tend to be across different cultural groups.
Cultural relativism is the perceptual experience that the values of a specific civilization are comparatively similar and alone compared to those of other civilizations. Because of such uniqueness, it is indispensable to set one & # 8217 ; s ain premise in order to analyze or understand a different civilization. Harmonizing to an international study done by Tennis magazine in 1993, in footings of tennis, Australians and the Swedish position it as national athleticss. It is like ice hockey to Canadians, hoopss to American and gymnastic exercises to Romanians. Many adolescents choose to play tennis in Australia and Sweden because of the success of Bjorn Bjork and Roy Emerson. Bjorn Bjork, a fable Swedish participant who won the Wimbledon 5 clip in a row plus 4 Gallic Open individual rubrics. Roy Emerson, arguably the best participant of all clip, holds the work forces & # 8217 ; s record of most individual title of expansive sweep at 12. Australian and Swedish childs turn up with the cognition that universe title-holders of tennis were born and raised in their place state and with the dream of go oning the fable. In add-on, because the importance of tennis in Australia and Sweden, kids are exposed to tennis in their schools. Because of the early exposure to the game and some celebrated legendary participants in the states & # 8217 ; history, the immature coevals of Australians and Swedish continue to see tennis as their national athleticss or even a tradition. In Hong Kong and Mainland China, grounds for playing tennis are a different narrative. There, tennis is a symbol of societal position. Although in recent old ages, this particular and slightly erroneous feeling has been on the diminution. Yet, tennis is still seen as a high-class activity in many traditional Chinese & # 8217 ; s head. Canadians do non hold such strong cultural relativism in tennis. Peoples play tennis for different grounds and few of them are important or particular adequate to be considered as cultural values.
The good intelligence about cultural relativism in regard to tennis is that all the values attached to tennis among different civilizations are alone and of import in nature. Despite the fluctuations in societal norms about tennis in different states, there is non a civilization that claims that its ground is better or more of import than those of others are. Apparently, the theory of ethnocentrism does non easy use to the cultural fluctuations about tennis. Ethnocentrism is a thought that one & # 8217 ; s civilization is better than others and the trouble to accept the significance of other civilizations. Ethnocentrism is ever compared with cultural relativism because both theories emphasize cultural differences and ability to see or accept the importance of such differences. Because of Canada & # 8217 ; s multicultural society, cultural relativism is a much more widely accepted belief than ethnocentrism.
To many Canadians, tennis is merely one sort of athletics, no more and no less. Some people enjoy the astonishing feeling of hitting the xanthous ball to a distant corner on the tribunal that their oppositions do non hold a opportunity to respond. To me, tennis is definitely portion of my unrecorded both on and off tribunal. From where to hit the ball in your following shooting to how to advance the game to black females in rural African parts, tennis offers legion challenges to believe carefully. Besides, it is besides really interesting when you think about why people may wish to prosecute in tennis. As you think more about it, you will detect many implicit in cultural values and differences. In a sense, tennis is merely like an interesting objects or phenomenon in our society. It gives us pleasance every bit good as many inquiries and jobs to be solved.