Terrorism 2 Essay, Research PaperTerrorism and the mediaThe 20th century all but gave birth to the construct and thought of terrorist act, at least towards America. Why was the 20th century such a premier century to host the genteelness of terrorist act towards the United States? The book Terrorism and the Media, by Brigitte L. Nacos shows precisely why how how terrorist act plays on our society. Our state is the taking state in the universe, this is exactly what acts of terrorist act drama on. There are different types of terrorist act, Nacos tells us, every bit good as different types of culprits. Nacos focuses on guiltless Americans non in high places.
A major point that Nacos reminds us of, is the fact that it is by and large non the grudges of the culprits that the populace is against, it is the agencies they use. This book was intended to demo the relationship of terrorist act to the media and how it thrives on it. Nacos begins with the illustration of the World Trade Center Bombing in 1993, the largest terrorist onslaught on American dirt up to that point. This onslaught dispelled the myth that big terrorist onslaughts could non be staged on U.S. dirt. Nacos continues, nevertheless, with legion illustrations of incidents abroad affecting Americans: the violent death of 258 Americans at the Embassy in Beirut, the slaying of a navy frogman in the highjacking of TWA flight 847, the bombardment of Pan Am flight 103 and the subsequent violent death of 270 riders on board, and many more.
Nacos uses all these illustrations to demo that in adding up the amendss, costs, and figure of victims, terrorist act ends up being simply a nuisance numerically when one considers the figure of deceases happening in the U.S. Yet the significance, says Nacos, does non lie in the figure of lives taken or in the sum of devastation inflicted ; it lies in the figure of lives threatened and in the sum of fright and panic generated ( 3 ) . This is where the media comes into drama harmonizing to Nacos ; The manner the media, the populace, and decision-makers react to violence determines the power terrorists have to progress their aims. Nacos argues that terrorist act is most effectual when the force is staged outside of the mark state. The ends of terrorists can be classified into three classs: tactical or short term, strategic or long term, and cosmopolitan or overlapping. Tactical being specific to one certain incident, strategic is alone to certain types of groups, and cosmopolitan merely satisfies both of the proceeding. As the times have changed and the coverage of the media has grown more lurid and more perverse, so hold the Acts of the Apostless of terrorists to maintain up and to maintain the public shocked.
Terrorists must rise the threshold of force to vouch significant imperativeness coverage. In a missive to the New York Times the group responsible for the World Trade Center bombing wrote the American people are responsible for the actions of their authorities and they must oppugn all of the offenses that their authorities is perpetrating against other people. Or they-Americans-will be the marks of our operations that could decrease them. This is a premier illustration of a terrorist group straight utilizing the media to transport out their aims.
This group straight targeted every citizen of the U.S. Although the opportunities of another menace impacting any random citizen, it is the fright of such an incident happening that drives them. Violence seems to be the best agencies for terrorist act because it is a surefire path to media coverage.
These violent incidents are merely good to the group if media coverage is widespread, harmonizing to Nacos. Therefore the media seems to be terrorist act s lifeblood and O. Nacos tells us that many believe that if media coverage of such incidents were to discontinue, so would terrorism, as we know it. Nacos tells us that terrorists are by and large in hunt of three different ends, – to acquire attending, acknowledgment, even a grade of reputability and legitimacy. It has been said that these are the precise aims that the media accommodates. By and large, when terrorist onslaughts occur against Americans, the public looks to the president, who is, of class, in charge of direction of the state of affairs.
But this support besides relies on the functions of other authorities functionaries and decision-makers and their ratings of the presidents public presentation as reported by the media. Nacos concluding chapter reflects back on her findings throughout the book. She acknowledges that terrorists surely have been at least partly successful in accomplishing their ends and if this is true, what should we make as a society to stamp down it? Many states have enacted Torahs that restrict the coverage of terrorist act, but this is extremely improbable to happen in this state. However, with the cognition that terrorist act is merely a drama on our emotions and reactions, terrorist act should be easy eliminated from our being. Possibly authorities functionaries should work on educating the general populace as to why and how terrorist act works ; this might assist the job at one of the roots.BibliographyNacos, Bridgitte.
Terrorism and the Media. Columbia University Press. New York 1994