The aesthetic analysis of abuilding’s external form refers to the aesthetic aspects of buildings.Aesthetics is one of the important principles of architecture to be understoodby the students and professionals as a philosophy behind a pleasing appearance.There are some rules, principles,guidelines for achieving aesthetic feelings in art and architecture.Architecture makes use of them in order to create effective forms, interestingvolumes, surfaces, and masses. Artistic composition takes place according toaesthetic principles such as; proportion and scale, unity, variety, balance,rhythm, emphasis and focal point, contrast, hierarchy which have the largeimpact on architectural design. (burden, 2000; Roth & Pentak, 2011).It is necessary todevelop a visual awareness to identify how these principles are used in thecomposition of everyday design. v Balance: Refers to the equalization of elements in a work of art.
Thisis either Actual and Implied, Actual balance is a phenomenon of nature ruled bygravity, operating in real space. Implied balance is a virtual or implied condition involving one’sawareness of actual gravity and balance(aesthetic factors of visual weight .There are three kinds ofbalance: -symmetrical- formal, when left andright sides are mirror images. Correspondence across a divide. Radial symmetryis based on symmetry around a central axis.
Trees, flowers.Spherical symmetry is the condition of having similar form arrangedregularly around a single point. – asymmetrical-informal,Dynamic Form asymmetry is based on different arrangements of parts.
Whereequilibrium is achieved by the balance differences in the art elements within acomposition. v Unity/ Harmony: isachieved when the whole is more important than the parts the appearance ofoneness, wholeness. Using a similar shape, lines, textures, and patterns tocreate harmony.
A unified design may be – A simple monolith or mass and Many forms or objects brought together toconstruct a coherent whole. v Variety: It is achieved through diversity andchange. Using different line types, colors, textures, shapes.v Repetition: Three repetition methods: repetition, patterns, and rhythm.Repetition of an element of art (i.
e., shapes, lines, or colors) toachieve a visual beat (Rhythm) or to create a decorative effect (pattern). Repetition is thesimplest element that is repeated.
Repetition Visual and Structural Repetitiveelements in three-dimensional work often provide structural stability as wellas visual unity. gives a composition unity, continuity, flow and emphasis v Pattern: Patternis a combination of elements that are repeated. Patterns are simply arepetition of more than one design element working in concert with each other. v Rhythm: It is a type of movement in an artwork or design oftencreated by repeated Objects. Rhythm involves using intervals or spaces betweenelements to give the user an impression of rhythm or movement. Rhythm can existin relief and in the round. There are different types of rhythm: Regular-Example: Rhythm in architecture relates to a regular occurrence (rhythmic) ofsimilar and like effects. The same intervals over and over again.
– Irregular- Repeating elements with no specific regular interval createsrandom rhythms. v Movement: Illusion ofMotion with shape or contour to create a slow to the fast action of theeye. It is a false perception.
Characteristics of sleek forms designed to movewithout turbulence also allow these objects to look fast, even while standingstill.v Proximity: An Organizational Tool. The principle of proximity visually unitesthings that are near one another and excludes those more distant. Proximity canbe a visual tool and/or a functional one. v Focus/Emphasis/Dominance refers to placing greater attention on certain areas orobjects in a piece of work.
There are numerous strategies for achievingemphasis, and often, these techniques are combined.: Differences, or contrast,of color, texture, shape, and size Or Isolation of elements and Relativeplacement of elements. v Proportion: Refers to the relationship of certain elements to the wholeand to each other.and to the comparative relationship of size.
It can be expressedusing a mathematical ratio: in relation to the viewer to perceive size dependson comparison, in relationship to other objects in the context. Therelationship of one part of the whole to an outside measure, such as the humanbody. Variation of scale. Intimate, Impressively and Monumental v Gradation/Hierarchy: Refers to a way of combining elements byusing a series of gradual changes.
Examples of gradation: gradually from smallshapes to large shapes, gradually from a dark color to a light color and gradually from shadow tohighlight.