Presently, most touristry tendencies are considerable of green mode touristry market as seen the declined of mass-tourism line in many states. The signifier of healthier circuit influenced tourer who has personal involvements of circuit activities such as athletics, diversion, escapade and nature preservation.
Worldwide acceptableness as Tourism is one of many Industries which is non-polluting Industry and continue quickly growing. Numerous states perceive to bulk income, hence Tourism Industry generate occupation to the finish
At the same clip, the more touristry growing is the more dying of negative impact to the host state.
Over the past decennary or so, touristry signifier as Mass touristry ” or Traditional Tourism ” which emphasize a big group of tourer several states particular in developing state mass touristry is being highly promoted. However, It was realized that mass touristry become the chief bulk societal and environmental effected meanwhile, the sort of mass touristry non instead lend a full step of ecomomic as its convinced.
In United Nations Foundation Report 2002 stated that i??Resposible touristry is the occupation of everyone involved authoritiess, local governments, the tourer industry and tourisms themselves ( 2001, p.12 )
To repair an consequence from mass touristry, many research has commence as an appropriate alternate touristry theoretical account and hilight to responsible to the host state.
New signifier of touristry appear as Eco-toursim, Soft Tourism, Green Tourism, Responsible touristry, Motivated Tourism, Conservative Tourism etc, . wholly average of Alternate Tourism.
Bicycle touristry proposed the possible for alternate which is can be applies to promote finish sustainable economic development.
Although much research has been implement into application of bike touristry with in state, merely few research in Thailand about their feasibleness can be applies in large metropolis as Bangkok Metropolis where contain of tourer attractive force.
Tourism Authority Of Thailand ( Marketing Plan 2009 )
Presently advancing touristry as a chief selling program in the same old motto of Amazing Thailand ” extra of Seven Wonders of Amazing Thailand ” in oversea market. One of subject call Nature The Beauty of Natural Wonders ” which present green touristry manner to perceive of environmental value and enegy preservation in the signifiers of Seven Green ” and bike circuit is in manner of green logistices hilight on touristry activities utilizing environment friendly conveyance.
Harmonizing to TAT informationaˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦aˆ¦a?™a??a?‚a?‰a?a??a??a??a?‚a?a?‡a??a??a??a?-a??a?a?‡a?ˆa?-a?µa??a??a?§a?ˆa??a?µa??a??a?§a??a?±a?ssprot and diversion a??a?™a?-a?µa??a?•a??a??a?‡a?† a?ˆa??a?µa??a??a?§a??a?±a?sa??a??a??a?‚a?µa??a??a?±a??a??a??a??a?™It is obvious that Bicycle Tourism in Thailand have encourage merely rural countries while seldom in large metropolis as Bangkok.
In order to drive a important of bike touristry to be use as an option and indicate or influence steakholder to better understand. This undertaking would take a firm stand upon base on the fact of domestic bicycler and bike tourer demand in services supplying to utilize as a guideline
The research was undertaken to analyses cyclist perceptual experience and motive, developed demand theoretical account of cycling travelers in Bangkok finish. The intent of survey was to bespeak the rhythm circuit market is important to promote sustainable touristry development. The cardinal aims of this research were:
1. To foreground cycling circuits advantages when development and applies to local communities.
2. To bespeak important cycling circuit for sustainable touristry.
3. To promote and actuate to tour organisation promote cycling circuit as an alternate touristry.
4. To help or steer authorities to implement cycling for the perfect alternate circuit in Bangkok.
5. To bespeak the bike touristry market is a possible tendency to applies in order to help green manner touristry.
6. To bespeak and measure if the cycling tourist demand meets the services provide.
2. Literature Reappraisal
The Alternative Tourism
Alternate Tourism has widely define as: a?«a??a?„a??a??a??a??a?±a?”a?„a?§a??a?? a?a?‰a??a?‡2-3 a?„a?™
As described in Eadington & A ; Smith ( 1992, p. 75 ) , Richard ( 2002 ) nowadayss Alternate Tourism as:
Alternate touristry define as touristry that is consistent with natural, societal and community value, which allows hosts and invitees to bask worthwhile interactions and shared experiences.
Richard S. & A ; David T. J. 2002, Tourism Development Concept and Issue, Aspects of Tourism, Cambrian Printers Ltd. , Great Britain.
Ateljecvic, I. & A ; Doorne, S. ( 2000 ) . Staying Within the Fence: Lifestyle Entrepreneurship in Tourism. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 8 ( 5 ) , pp378-92.
Alternate touristry construct would oversee for environment from stakeholders such tourers, tour agents and local host. On the other manus, these touristry signifier will besides detention of environment, civilization heritage and local support in the finish.
Awang, Hassan & A ; Zahari ‘s survey ( cited in Ateljevic & A ; Doorne 2000 ) Most of import of all, Alternate touristry is the important signifier which focal point on a bantam group of tourers and countryside visit more than urban.
The hilight on Alternate Tourism as the effect of how the tourer choose what they truly attend whether travel topographic points, adjustments, tour agents including every travel activities in the touristry line.
The Bicycle Tourism defined as:
Several issue of bicycle term but seldom denote bike as a portion of touristry, nevertheless Sustrans ( 1999, p.1 ) has defined bicycle touristry as:
Recreational visits, either nightlong or twenty-four hours see off from place, which involve leisure cycling as a cardinal and important portion of the visit.
Wen & A ; Li ( 2003 ) defined bicycle touristry as ‘ a positive activity, which includeds both transit and diversion experiences.
Wen, H.C. , Li, H.C.2003, A strategic survey of bike touristry in Taiwan, Journal of the Eastern Asia Society for transit Surveies, vol.5, October, pp.1675-1683.
Ritchie outlines the touristry activity utilizing bike circuit has more important manner of holiday or vacation conveyance ( 1998 ) .
Bicycling is the signifier of non-polluting activities and people ride bikes for a widely purposes such as diversion, personal concern or even for work.
Ritchie, B.W. ( 1998 ) . Bicycle touristry in the South Island of New Zealand: Planning and direction issues. Vol.19, no.6, pp.567-582
To sort the bike touristry Faulks, Ritchie & A ; Fluker ( 2006 ) agreed that to place bike touristry in order to show the size and range of rhythm touristry therefore, the definition will establish on activity and the usage of a bike on vacation. The different sectors were Touring, Community cycling events, Competition and Mountain Biking.
Faulks P. , Ritchie B. & A ; Fluker M. ( 2006 ) . Cycle Tourism in Australia: An probe into its size and range. Sustainable Tourism Cooperative Research Centre, Australia.
Types of bike touristry can be classified to three chief types ( Sustrans 1999 ) as followers:
A.Cycling Holidays, the definition base on the chief intent of cycling holiday visit both domestic and overseas.Cyclist may organize trip utilizing circuit operator or self-organised with short and long period ( Sustrans 1999, p.1 ) .
B. Holiday Cycling, the definition differ from above, the Holiday cycling mean of traveler selected cycling as one of travel activities on vacation ( Sustrans 1999, p.1 )
C.Cycling Day Visits defined as doing short trip drive from one topographic point to another as a leisure and abodes were most normally.
Therefore, Cardinal authorities advancing cycling as a pick of circuit activities with provides services to run into tourist demand, Stakeholders wills benefits.
The Bicycle Tourist definition
Many researchs have been defined bike tourer in different ways nevertheless, They has been introduced the definition by Richie ( 1998, pp.568-569 ) as:
A individual who is off from their hometown or state for a period non less than 24 hours or on dark, for the intent of a holiday or vacation, and for whom utilizing a bike as a manner of conveyance during this clip off is an built-in portion of their vacation or holiday. This holiday may be independently organised or portion of a commercial circuit and may include the usage of conveyance support services and any type of formal and/or informal adjustment.
2.2 The Development of Bicycle Tourism
2.3 The Demand For Bicycle Tourism
– Requirements of Bicycle Tourists both demestic and international
2.4 The Domestic Bicycle Tourism
Tourism Authority of Thailand presents the bike touristry in the manner of Eco-tourism activities and shows that bike circuit has available in Bangkok for case, The Grand Palace countries and supply informations of another bike trip in assorted countries. ( Tourism Authority of Thailand 2010 ) . Harmonizing to informations it is obvious that bike touristry has set in touristry market program and it is likely that the potencies of an alternate touristry development in Bangkok.
Tourism Authority of Thailand 2010, Colorful Thailand: Ecotourism, viewed 20 December 2010, & lt ; www.tat-la.com/activities — events/ecotourism.html & gt ; .
-Bicycle tour administration
It is chiefly found that many tour agents in Thailand but few important with cycling tour market, moreover, observed that bike touristry execute an act of charity or member nine.
Bangkok Hash House Biker one of mountain biking nine presents the event in on occasion and set up trip one time a month for rider. ( Bangkok Hash House Biker 2009 ) hypertext transfer protocol: //www.bangkokbikehash.org/AboutUs.html
Tour de Thailand nowadayss as a to the full supported charity motorcycle drive from North to South of Thailand hypertext transfer protocol: //www.bangkokbikehash.org/AboutUs.html
-Supple for bike touristry
2.5 The Motivation of Bicycle Tourist
As old researched Lamont found that the pulling finish for independent bike tourers were the parts ability of cycling support provided such as a potency of cycling substructure, brilliant scenery, helping service for industries and handiness ( Lamont 2008 ) .
Lamont J.M.2008, ‘Wheels of alteration: a theoretical account of whole touristry systems for independent bike turism, Proceedings of Re-creating touristry: New Zealand Tourism and Hospitality Research Conference, Hanmer Springs, New Zealand, 3-5 December, Lincoln University, Christchurch, pp.1-22.viewed 22 December 2010, & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //epubs.scu.edu.au/cgi/viewcontent.cgi? article=1149 & A ; context=tourism_pubs & gt ; .
Furthermore, to arise ardour usage of bike touristry sufficiently, the host must be supplement such a promotional, selling and widely information and events of cycling provided ( Pucher & A ; buehler 2009 )
Pucher J. & A ; Buehler R.2009, ‘Cycling for a Few or for Everyone: The Importantce of Social Justice in Cycling Policy, Wolrd Transport Policy & A ; Practice, vol.15, no.1, pp.57-64, viewed 22 December 2010, & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //policy.rutgers.edu/faculty/pucher/CyclingEveryoneWTPP.pdf & gt ; .
Sustainable Development definition:
The methodological analysis for this research has been selected in order to obtain informations and generalise about the development country of bike touristry in Bangkok Metropolis.
Type of research
The chief intent of this survey is to derive primary information about important bike touristry in order to aim counsel for bike touristry development more expeditiously.
To look into the chief intent of survey an exploratory will be applies. McKenzie & A ; Danforth ( 2009, p.43 ) province ‘ explorative research, preliminary research conducted to increase understantding of construct, to clear up the exact nature of the job to be solved or to place of import variables to be studied.
McKenzie K. & A ; Danforth S. 2009, ‘Problem Definition, Exploratory Research, and the Research Process.A Marketing Research Proposal. St.George, viewed 22 December 2010, & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //media.wiley.com/product_data/excerpt/86/EHEP0001/EHEP000186-2.pdf & gt ; .
The quantitative and qualitative will be used to accomplish the aims of the research.
The quantitative informations aggregation comprise with opened-ended and closed-ended questionnaire will use into two manner. First, the self-completing will plan for the online monkey study will plan for a people who yearn for bike tourers, or who have undertake cycling as a circuit activities antecedently in order to look into people with an involvement in cycling circuit more significantly, the online study will be logical thrust to obtain informations both domestic and abroad. The questionnaire will be contribute towards Tourism Authority of Thailand web site to guarantee the study result realibility.
Second, questionnaire in the same form will be conducted with vacation cycling tourer in the visiting country.
The qualitative aggregation, interviews will carried out with Bangkok Bicycle Club member in order to look into whether the bicycler demand meet the demand.
3.3 Sampling Design
The sample from full population has been selected hence, to achieve the strength of survey intent.
Sample is a unit of mark extracted from a population and purpose to be representative of that population ( OECD 2003 ) .
OSCD 2003, Sample Design, Business Tendency Survey Handbook STATISTICS DIRECTORATE, viewed 23 December 2010, & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //www.oecd.org/dataoecd/11/53/33659904.pdf & gt ;
The Quota Sampling design as Survey Monkey online questionnaire in order to garnering primary informations from bike rider through internal and external. Harmonizing to OECD:
A quota samples is one in which in which each strata identified in the mark existence is represented by a specified figure ( a quota ) of respondents. Quota samples are besides described as representative samples ” because the choice of a quota of respondents from each stratum is intended to vouch that the sample represents, or mirrors ” , the mark existence. Quota samples are besides widely used in political sentiment polls and consumer sentiment studies ( 2003, p.2 ) .
The Purposive Sampling will be used in order to garnering secondary informations in signifier of cyclist position from Bangkok Bicycle Club.
As decriped in Teddlie & A ; Yu ( 2007, p.80 ) , Tashakkori & A ; Teddlie ( 2003 ) nowadayss i??purposive trying techniques involve choosing certain units or instances i??based on a specii¬?c intent instead than randomly
Tashakkori, A. , & A ; Teddlie, C. ( Eds. ) . ( 2003a ) . Handbook of assorted methods in societal & amp ; behavioural research.Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Teddlie C. & A ; Yu F.2007, ‘ Mixed Methods Sampling: A Typology With Examples, Mixed Methods Research, vol.1, no.77, pp.77-100, viewed 23 December 2010, & lt ; hypertext transfer protocol: //wtgrantmixedmethods.com/pdf_files/Teddlie % 20and % 20Yu_2007.pdf & gt ;
Sampling size will be composed of 100 questionnaires created for motorcycle rider, who online hunt for athletics activities in Thailand finish.
While interview study technique will be conducted with the sample population among 10-15 interviwees with in Bangkok Bicycle Club representatives.
3.4 Questionnaire Survey
3.6 Interview Survey
The semi-structured interview will be usage
Contribution of The Study
It is expected that the cardinal determination of this undertaking will be guide and evaluate important of current bike touristry sector hence, to the better understand of all steakholder to be used for as an alternate touristry development in Bangkok Metropolis.
The writer would wish to admit the Sustainable Tourism Cooperative Research Center ( STCRC ) for funding a auxiliary scholarship, and the Australian Regional Tourism Research Centre for the proviso of resouces used in this research. Finally, the publishing houses of Australian Cyclist magazine are unfeignedly thanked for their generous aid.
1.Thailandtourism Sport & A ; Diversion: Biking
hypertext transfer protocol: //www.tourismthailand.org/see-do/events-festivals/sports-recreation/biking/destination/0/cat/31/ ? sort=2 & A ; bymonth= & A ; start_date= & A ; end_date= & A ; keyword= & A ; refine= & A ; cHash=f88c8a3490 & A ; pageno=2 & A ; pagesize=10
2. Thailand touristry program 2552
hypertext transfer protocol: //www.oknation.net/blog/SIAM1932/2009/11/26/entry-3