, Research Paper

The Cavalry During The Civil War

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The Civil War played a important function in American history. Many different types of soldiers

fought in this war, such as Cavalry soldiers, who fought on horseback. The Cavalry

played a strong function in the combat and used many different arms and tactics.

One type of Cavalry arm was the six-gun. Merely one manus was needed in the fire

of this type of arm. This was really of import since the soldier & # 8217 ; s other manus was

used to pull off the Equus caballus. The Colt was the most popular trade name of six-guns during the

war. The Army and the Navy were the two chief theoretical accounts. The Army theoretical account was the most

popular of the Union Army. It was a six shooting, .44 quality six-gun that weighed two

lbs. & # 8220 ; This arm accounted for 40 % of all pistols bought by the Union

Ordinance Department & # 8221 ; ( Weapons of the Civil War 2 ) . The Navy theoretical account was really similar

to the Army. It had a unit of ammunition barrel alternatively of an octangular barrel and held.36 quality

cartridges. & # 8220 ; 38,000 were produced during The Civil War and 15,000 of those were

produced within the Confederacy & # 8221 ; ( Weapons of the Civil War 2 ) .

The most celebrated foreign handgun of the war was The Le Mat, produced by Dr. Le Mat in

France. It was alone in that it had two barrels, like a little scattergun. The upper barrel

shooting.40 caliber rounds while the lower barrel shooting.63 quality unit of ammunitions.

Starr was the 3rd largest manufacturer of six-guns. Starr was known for it & # 8217 ; s six shooting

dual action six-gun that weighed three lbs and was used chiefly by the Union

soldiers. It was really convenient because it held combustible cartridges and could besides

be fired by the old ball and pulverization method. Since Colt had a patent on its fire

process Starr was forced into coming up with its ain. To fire this handgun a soldier

would draw the trigger, which unlocks so rotates a cock that so snaps back and

fires the cartridge.

Another company was Savage, which produced the well-known & # 8220 ; Figure of Eight & # 8221 ; which

had a really uneven form. & # 8220 ; 11000 were bought by The Union & # 8221 ; ( Commager 284 ) . After it & # 8217 ; s

trigger was pulled the cylinder would be cranked frontward to do a gas tight articulation with

the barrel prior to its fire.

The following most popular to The Colt was The Remington. Popularity is non everything

though, some experts believe the Remington was better automatically. Remington made

two theoretical accounts, an Army and a Navy. The Army was.44 caliber & # 8217 ; s while the Navy was.36.

& # 8220 ; 125,000 were bought sum in the Union & # 8221 ; ( Commager 283 ) . That amoun

T was merely

limited by the sum really produced.

The following type of arm used was the Carbine Rifle. These rifles were made for

mounted military personnels, like the Cavalry. These guns had short barrels for easy managing. They

were besides made to be able to be loaded on a moving Equus caballus. In add-on, they held

wet cogent evidence cartridges that were much better than paper. One trade name was Spencer.

This company sold their carbines to the Union and seldom was found in the South. This

company & # 8217 ; s cartridges were particularly good because they were built in primer and

became more lasting and waterproof. Spencer & # 8217 ; s rifle could besides be a rapid-fire arm.

& # 8220 ; The best soldiers could hit 14 unit of ammunitions per minute & # 8221 ; ( Weapons of the Civil War

6 ) .

Another popular trade name was Sharps. 80,000 were produced during the war. This gun had

a alone shooting procedure. Before the trigger was pulled a block was lowered and a paper

cartridge was released into a chamber. When the block closed the paper was slit

exposing the gunpowder. Then, when the trigger was pulled, it would snarl back into a

percussion cap, which produced a fire that passed into a blowhole and struck the

exposed pulverization.

The last type of arm used by a Cavalry soldier was a sabre. This was a type of

blade, lifelessly in the custodies of a trained soldier. In the early old ages of the war many

soldiers were untrained though and many Equus caballuss of untrained Masterss lost ears. These

sabres had either a 42-inch or 36 inch blade. & # 8220 ; Out of 250,000 entire people wounded in

Union infirmaries about 922 were due to sabre lesions & # 8221 ; ( Boatner 260 ) . This

arm did go useless in the ulterior old ages of the war due to modern rapid-fire


The horse had many utilizations in the war. One usage was detecting and describing

information about the enemy. This was a occupation given to the horse because they could

acquire back and forth the quickest because of the Equus caballuss & # 8217 ; velocity. Another occupation was

testing the motions of their ain force so that the enemy could non see what

they were making. Besides, they ever remained a changeless menace to the opposing Army & # 8217 ; s

rear. Other occupations were striking all of a sudden at detected weak points and turning exposed

wings. The last occupation was prosecuting and corrupting a defeated enemy.

The Civil War Cavalry used many different arms and tactics. The Cavalry was the

most expensive subdivision, but the importance of it overrode any costs. These mounted

soldiers played a strong function in the warfare of their twenty-four hours and helped both the North and

the South to win conflicts.