The Feminine Mystique Essay, Research Paper
The Feminine Mystique
The Feminine Mystique is the rubric of a book written by Betty Friedan
who besides founded The National Organization for Women ( NOW ) to assist US adult females addition
equal rights. She describes the & # 8220 ; feminine mystique & # 8221 ; as the heightened consciousness
of the outlooks of adult females and how each adult female has to suit a certain function as a
small miss, an uneducated and unemployed adolescent, and eventually as a married woman and
female parent who is to merrily clean the kitchen and cook things all twenty-four hours. After World
War II, a batch of adult females & # 8217 ; s organisations began to look with the end of conveying
the issues of equal rights into the spotlight.
The stereotype even came down to the colour of a adult female & # 8217 ; s hair. Many
adult females wished that they could be blonde because that was the ideal hair colour.
In The Feminine Mystique, Friedan writes that & # 8220 ; across America, three out of
every 10 adult females dyed their hair blonde & # 8221 ; ( Kerber/DeHart 514 ) . This serves as
an illustration of how there was such a push for adult females to suit a certain cast which
was portrayed as the function of adult females. Blacks were of course excluded from the
impression of ideal adult females and they suffered extra favoritism which was even
greater than that which the white adult females suffered from.
In add-on to hair colour, adult females frequently went to great lengths to accomplish
a thin figure. The expression that adult females were endeavoring for was the expression of the thin
theoretical account. Many adult females wore tight, uncomfortable vesture in order to make the
semblance of being dilutant and some even took pills that were supposed to do
them lose weight.
The function of adult females was to happen a hubby to back up the household that they
would raise. Many adult females dropped out of college or ne’er went in the first topographic point
because they were lead to believe that working outside of the place was for work forces
and that it would non be feminine for them to acquire occupations and be individual without a
hubby or kids to take attention of.
An tremendous job for adult females was the psychological emphasis of covering
with this function that was presented to them. The merrily married, perpetually
baking, everlastingly wipe uping, Donna Reed that lived in every house on the block
with her difficult on the job hubby and her 12 kids that existed in the media
made adult females experience that there was something incorrect with them if they didn & # 8217 ; t bask
their homemaker life style. And it was non easy for adult females to cover with this
job. As Betty Friedan writes in The Feminine Mystique, & # 8220 ; For over 15
old ages adult females in America found it harder to speak about this job than approximately sex.
( Kerber/DeHart 515 ) . & # 8221 ; Many head-shrinkers were baffled and the job was frequently
ignored with no known solution because everyone found it to non do any sense.
Womans of low economic position besides struggled a great trade because they
had to cover with the jobs associated with a individual income family which
could go really frustrating when she has every ground to acquire a occupation, but can non.
It is besides harder to raise kids with a low income and supply for the
household as she was expected to.
It is interesting to use the impression of the feminine mystique to modern
civilization and see that it frequently still exists. Though there are many adult females who are
acquiring occupations, there are still a batch of households that fit the cast of the
traditional household with the breadwinner and the staff of life baker with clump of childs
The benefits which arose from this subjugation were that adult females began to
battle back. NOW activists began to utilize both traditional and non-traditional
agencies to force for societal alteration. They have done and go on to make extensive
electoral and lobbying work in add-on to forming mass Marches, mass meetings,
lookouts, and counter-demonstrations. NOW re-instituted mass Marches for adult females & # 8217 ; s
rights in the face of conventional wisdom that Marches were a technique that
out with the sixtiess. A March in support of the Equal Rights Amendment drew
more than 100,000 people to Washington, DC in 1978. NOW & # 8217 ; s March for Women & # 8217 ; s
Lifes in 1992 became the largest protest of all time in the capital.
One of the ways that adult females & # 8217 ; s lives and experiences have been divided is
through favoritism based on sexual orientation. The 1960 & # 8217 ; s fueled a batch of
strong motions and the Gay Rights Movement was one of the many that came out
of this decennary. Deriving a batch of impulse from the thoughts of credence and
equality sparked by the Civil Rights Movement, the Gay Rights Movement set out
to accomplish credence in the general population. A primary historical event
affecting homosexualism is the Stonewall Riot which grew out of a constabulary foray in
a cheery saloon in June of 1969. This event sparked a concatenation reaction which resulted
in the Gay Rights Movement. The effects of the Gay Rights Movement still exist
today with a wider credence of homosexualism and the being of many
homosexual organisations which promote homosexual support.
The basic ends of the motion were to extinguish the Torahs which
prohibited homosexual activity, provide equal lodging and employment
chances for homophiles, and to make a wider credence among the
heterosexual community. Still there was a batch of resistance to those who
Still there was a batch of subjugation felt by sapphic adult females, even among
the homosexual kingdom. In 1971 NOW became the first major national adult females & # 8217 ; s
organisation to back up sapphic rights. It has been one of the organisation & # 8217 ; s
precedence issues since 1975, and was the subject of national conferences in 1984
and 1988. Through the old ages, NOW activists have challenged anti-lesbian and homosexual
Torahs and ballot enterprises in many provinces. Over 15 old ages ago, NOW gave strong
support to a landmark 1979 instance, Belmont v. Belmont, that defined sapphic
spouses as a nurturing household and awarded a sapphic female parent detention of her two
kids. The complainant in that instance, Rosemary Dempsey, is NOW & # 8217 ; s Action Vice-
A batch of people still are afraid to demo support for homosexual
organisations. Within the spiritual community lies the largest of arguments
sing the issue of homosexualism. The bulk of the Christian leaders
reject homosexualism and specify it as a wickedness that must be dealt with. Yet the
greatest argument exists between differing Christian leaders. Some
denominations permit homosexual curates to take their churches, which is
violative to those who are opposed to it, while others neither condone nor
reject the issue. This is particularly of import for sapphic adult females who wish to be
church leaders because they have to confront those who claim that, non merely should
they forbid homosexual curates, but that adult females should non be allowed to take
leading places in the church.
When the epoch of the Gay Rights Movement is compared with the silence
that was required of homophiles during the colonial period, it becomes evident
that there have been great progresss through history. Lesbian adult females were forced
to quash their gender and acquire married in order to populate a & # 8220 ; normal & # 8221 ; life.
Even after homosexualism began it & # 8217 ; s outgrowth in the 1970s, sapphism
was frequently forgotten someplace among the contention. In the words of women’s rightist
writer Kate Millett in her book, Sexual Politics which was written in 1970,
& # 8220 ; & # 8216 ; Lesbianism & # 8217 ; would look to be so small a menace at the minute that it is
barely of all time mentioned? Whatever its potency in sexual political relations, female
homosexualism is presently so dead an issue that while male homosexualism additions
a grudging tolerance, in adult females the event is observed in contempt or in silence ( platinum.
3, ch. 8 ) . & # 8221 ; There seems to be no differentiation made between homosexual work forces and
homosexual adult females in the media and this causes another signifier of separation.