The Feminine Mystique Essay, Research PaperThe Feminine MystiqueThe Feminine Mystique is the rubric of a book written by Betty Friedanwho besides founded The National Organization for Women ( NOW ) to assist US adult females additionequal rights. She describes the & # 8220 ; feminine mystique & # 8221 ; as the heightened consciousnessof the outlooks of adult females and how each adult female has to suit a certain function as asmall miss, an uneducated and unemployed adolescent, and eventually as a married woman andfemale parent who is to merrily clean the kitchen and cook things all twenty-four hours. After WorldWar II, a batch of adult females & # 8217 ; s organisations began to look with the end of conveyingthe issues of equal rights into the spotlight.
The stereotype even came down to the colour of a adult female & # 8217 ; s hair. Manyadult females wished that they could be blonde because that was the ideal hair colour.In The Feminine Mystique, Friedan writes that & # 8220 ; across America, three out ofevery 10 adult females dyed their hair blonde & # 8221 ; ( Kerber/DeHart 514 ) . This serves asan illustration of how there was such a push for adult females to suit a certain cast whichwas portrayed as the function of adult females.
Blacks were of course excluded from theimpression of ideal adult females and they suffered extra favoritism which was evengreater than that which the white adult females suffered from.In add-on to hair colour, adult females frequently went to great lengths to accomplisha thin figure. The expression that adult females were endeavoring for was the expression of the thintheoretical account. Many adult females wore tight, uncomfortable vesture in order to make thesemblance of being dilutant and some even took pills that were supposed to dothem lose weight.The function of adult females was to happen a hubby to back up the household that theywould raise. Many adult females dropped out of college or ne’er went in the first topographic pointbecause they were lead to believe that working outside of the place was for work forcesand that it would non be feminine for them to acquire occupations and be individual without ahubby or kids to take attention of.
An tremendous job for adult females was the psychological emphasis of coveringwith this function that was presented to them. The merrily married, perpetuallybaking, everlastingly wipe uping, Donna Reed that lived in every house on the blockwith her difficult on the job hubby and her 12 kids that existed in the mediamade adult females experience that there was something incorrect with them if they didn & # 8217 ; t basktheir homemaker life style. And it was non easy for adult females to cover with thisjob.
As Betty Friedan writes in The Feminine Mystique, & # 8220 ; For over 15old ages adult females in America found it harder to speak about this job than approximately sex.( Kerber/DeHart 515 ) . & # 8221 ; Many head-shrinkers were baffled and the job was frequentlyignored with no known solution because everyone found it to non do any sense.Womans of low economic position besides struggled a great trade because theyhad to cover with the jobs associated with a individual income family whichcould go really frustrating when she has every ground to acquire a occupation, but can non.
It is besides harder to raise kids with a low income and supply for thehousehold as she was expected to.It is interesting to use the impression of the feminine mystique to moderncivilization and see that it frequently still exists. Though there are many adult females who areacquiring occupations, there are still a batch of households that fit the cast of thetraditional household with the breadwinner and the staff of life baker with clump of childsrunning about.The benefits which arose from this subjugation were that adult females began tobattle back.
NOW activists began to utilize both traditional and non-traditionalagencies to force for societal alteration. They have done and go on to make extensiveelectoral and lobbying work in add-on to forming mass Marches, mass meetings,lookouts, and counter-demonstrations. NOW re-instituted mass Marches for adult females & # 8217 ; srights in the face of conventional wisdom that Marches were a technique thatdiedout with the sixtiess. A March in support of the Equal Rights Amendment drewmore than 100,000 people to Washington, DC in 1978. NOW & # 8217 ; s March for Women & # 8217 ; sLifes in 1992 became the largest protest of all time in the capital.One of the ways that adult females & # 8217 ; s lives and experiences have been divided isthrough favoritism based on sexual orientation.
The 1960 & # 8217 ; s fueled a batch ofstrong motions and the Gay Rights Movement was one of the many that came outof this decennary. Deriving a batch of impulse from the thoughts of credence andequality sparked by the Civil Rights Movement, the Gay Rights Movement set outto accomplish credence in the general population. A primary historical eventaffecting homosexualism is the Stonewall Riot which grew out of a constabulary foray ina cheery saloon in June of 1969. This event sparked a concatenation reaction which resultedin the Gay Rights Movement.
The effects of the Gay Rights Movement still existtoday with a wider credence of homosexualism and the being of manyhomosexual organisations which promote homosexual support.The basic ends of the motion were to extinguish the Torahs whichprohibited homosexual activity, provide equal lodging and employmentchances for homophiles, and to make a wider credence among theheterosexual community. Still there was a batch of resistance to those whorecognized homosexualism.Still there was a batch of subjugation felt by sapphic adult females, even amongthe homosexual kingdom. In 1971 NOW became the first major national adult females & # 8217 ; sorganisation to back up sapphic rights. It has been one of the organisation & # 8217 ; sprecedence issues since 1975, and was the subject of national conferences in 1984and 1988.
Through the old ages, NOW activists have challenged anti-lesbian and homosexualTorahs and ballot enterprises in many provinces. Over 15 old ages ago, NOW gave strongsupport to a landmark 1979 instance, Belmont v. Belmont, that defined sapphicspouses as a nurturing household and awarded a sapphic female parent detention of her twokids. The complainant in that instance, Rosemary Dempsey, is NOW & # 8217 ; s Action Vice-President.
A batch of people still are afraid to demo support for homosexualorganisations. Within the spiritual community lies the largest of argumentssing the issue of homosexualism. The bulk of the Christian leadersreject homosexualism and specify it as a wickedness that must be dealt with. Yet thegreatest argument exists between differing Christian leaders. Somedenominations permit homosexual curates to take their churches, which isviolative to those who are opposed to it, while others neither condone norreject the issue. This is particularly of import for sapphic adult females who wish to bechurch leaders because they have to confront those who claim that, non merely shouldthey forbid homosexual curates, but that adult females should non be allowed to takeleading places in the church.
When the epoch of the Gay Rights Movement is compared with the silencethat was required of homophiles during the colonial period, it becomes evidentthat there have been great progresss through history. Lesbian adult females were forcedto quash their gender and acquire married in order to populate a & # 8220 ; normal & # 8221 ; life.Even after homosexualism began it & # 8217 ; s outgrowth in the 1970s, sapphismwas frequently forgotten someplace among the contention. In the words of women’s rightistwriter Kate Millett in her book, Sexual Politics which was written in 1970,& # 8220 ; & # 8216 ; Lesbianism & # 8217 ; would look to be so small a menace at the minute that it isbarely of all time mentioned? Whatever its potency in sexual political relations, femalehomosexualism is presently so dead an issue that while male homosexualism additionsa grudging tolerance, in adult females the event is observed in contempt or in silence ( platinum.3, ch.
8 ) . & # 8221 ; There seems to be no differentiation made between homosexual work forces andhomosexual adult females in the media and this causes another signifier of separation.331