Last updated: May 11, 2019
Topic: EducationTeaching
Sample donated:

The gospel according to mark is a prolific story which takes look at people’s view of Jesus, and critiques of several aspects of religion, and a further critiques humanity and human nature. The story does this by making Espinosa imitate the role of Jesus Christ, as well as by making the Gutres his followers and making them a symbol of human nature as well. Finally paints a view of how humanity will continue to react to the unknown. An important aspect of Burges’s The Gospel According to Mark is its analysis of people’s view of Jesus Christ. This examination is very vital to Borges’s critique of human nature and religion.

The Gutres perceive Espinosa as a Christ figure because of his modern teaching and healing. The story goes on further to make similarities to the gospel with the Gutres becoming like followers to him. In the Gospel, one of Jesus’ predominant roles is that of a teacher. For example, in Mark 4:1, Jesus “teaches his doctrine, by the sea side and there gathers unto him a great multitude. ” The Gutres see Espinosa as a teacher as well. During the storms at the ranch, he begins reading to the Gutres. He discovers a Bible and reads them the Gospel of Mark, which the Gutres listen to “with mute fascination”.

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The similarity here is evident; Jesus taught his followers his doctrine, and Espinosa “teaches” the Gutres essentially the same doctrine. The enthusiasm for Jesus’ teaching brings “great multitudes” (Mark 4:1). This shows how important the Gospel becomes to them. The Gutres’ comparison of Espinosa to Jesus continues in seeing him as a healer. In the Bible’s Gospel, Jesus heals the sick to prove his divinity. In Mark 2:4 to 2:12, Jesus miraculously heals “one sick of the palsy. ” In story, the Gutres’ young girl’s lamb gets cut, and instead of using the Gutres’ primitive methods, Espinosa treats it with medicine.

To the less civilized Gutres, this cure seems as miraculous as Jesus’ healing. The Gutres become so convinced of Espinosa’s likeness to Jesus that they re-enact the crucifixion. When Jesus is on his way to be crucified “some beg in to spit on him, and to cover his face, and to buffet him” (Mark 14:65), and when the Gutres are about to crucify Espinosa, “they curse him, spit on him, and drive him to the back of the house”. This completes the likeness of Espinosa and Jesus with an identical death, which displays the Gutres conviction that Espinosa is their own messiah.

The comparison of Espinosa to Jesus shows Borges’s analysis of people’s view of Jesus. He is seen as a saviour because he can teach them the word of God, he can heal their sicknesses, he can lead them, and will die to save them. This analysis is very significant in Borges’s criticisms of religion and human nature. Borges’s comparison of Espinosa and Jesus helps to define a critique or religion and religiosity. In The Gospel According to Mark, Borges shows how religion impresses, indoctrinates, and frightens people into submission to its doctrine.

One of religion’s primary effects is to impress people. This holds especially true for the less educated, such as the Gutres who do “not know how to read or write”. In the Bible’s Gospel, Jesus gets many people to believe him through performances of miracles, such as walking on water. When Espinosa commits seemingly similar miraculous acts, the Gutres, who now know about Jesus, are impressed to the point that they begin to follow him around the house (almost like Jesus’s deciples). Borges is trying to show how even in our world the same of has happen on our society throughout history.

Religion has been used particularly Christianity to control and people and give others great power. He is trying to show the impressionability of human kind. Once the Gutres hear the story of Jesus, they become obsessive over Espinosa, as he appears more and more like a messiah, from following him, to the young girl sleeping with him, to eventually crucifying him. After hearing of miracles, the Gutres display the human tendency to see miracles in what they do not understand. The immediate effect of something as simple as a few Biblical passages shows how easily human nature can be impressed upon and manipulated.

Jorge Luis Borges’s The Gospel According to Mark has a vital and distinct relationship with the New Testament’s Gospel of Mark and with Christianity in general. This relationship is characterized by the comparison of Espinosa to Jesus Christ. The relationship is employed to illustrate several important criticisms of human nature and of religion. Despite the very strong opposition to criticism of religion throughout history and even today, The Gospel According to Mark does not hesitate to make bold criticisms, and it serves to effectively analyze these vital aspects of human civilization.