The articles “The Secret to
Deeper Happiness Is Simpler Than You Might Think” (Graves, 2017) by Ginny Graves and “Happiness Is Other
People” (Whippman, 2017) by Ruth Whippman talks about happiness.
Both articles discuss the approaches for finding happiness. Whippman is more
persuasive than Graves because the tone is empathetic, good structure and
unbiased use of credible sources.

In term of tone, Graves (2017)
and Whippman (2017) use different tones for their claim. Graves uses a more
clinical tone where she states a lot of quotes from many different book sources
such as “Paradoxically, studies have shown that people who have happiness as a
goal tend to be less happy” (Graves, 2017, para. 2). There is barely a
paragraph on her opinion. Readers are unable to resonate to the author and be
convinced by her claim. On the other hand, Whippman uses a more empathetic tone
such as “I would snarl bitterly upon realizing the truth” (Whippman, 2017,
para. 2) and “a deep dive into our innermost souls” (Whippman, 2017, para. 5).
With a more sympathetic tone, Whippman communicates with the readers on a personal
level while she speaks from the reader’s point of view and gives her personal
perspectives on the topic. The tone used by Whippman has set a mutual
understanding between the reader and author where her words can affect the
readers on a personal level. Therefore, Whippman is more persuasive in terms of
tone.

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Whippman has a good structure
as compared to Graves. Graves’s content has a rather simple structure with three
theses on the approach to find happiness within self. Each thesis has a rather long
explanation with no breaking down of explanation for an easy digestion of
information. This results in difficulty for readers to understand what Graves
is trying to convey. However, Whippman structures in a way that she talks about
happiness in general. Then, she continues to elaborate on “Happiness comes from
within” (Whippman, 2017, para. 3) while leading readers to a direction to tell
them that “we seem to have gotten the balance wrong” (Whippman, 2017, para. 11).
Whippman does a better coverage on the approaches to find happiness. By giving
the readers a general scope in the beginning helps to form a strong foundation
for better understanding of the claims from different context. When readers
have better understanding of what the author is trying to convey, they can be
convinced easily. Thus, Whippman is more persuasive by having a better
structure that allows better digestion of information.

Graves provides a more
in-depth explanation of the facts used in her article. When she quotes from the
references, she can further explain on the meaning of the facts and links it to
her claim. On the other hand, Whippman provides a less detailed explanation on
the facts she used. Hence, Graves is more credible because she can substantiate
her theses with in-depth explanation of the facts. However, Graves is biased in
terms of her sources as compared to Whippman. When Graves is writing the
article, she only quotes information from books which sold in amazon.com. The
information quoted from the books are unable to verify which seems to be
unfair. In addition, she uses two separate studies “researchers reported on two
studies” (Graves, 2017, para. 2) and “A 2016 study at Michigan State
University” (Graves, 2017, para. 9) in the article which do not have links for
readers to refer. This means that readers are unable to verify the sources
which make it less reliable. Unlike Graves, Whippman quotes her data from more
than one source, such as National Center for Complementary and Integrative
Health (Whippman, 2017, para. 6) and Bureau of Labor Statistics (Whippman,
2017, para. 9). By quoting data from more sources, Whippman shows a fairer and
unbiased claim. Therefore, Whippman is more reliable and persuasive as she
substantiates her claim using more than one source of data with sufficient
explanation.

In conclusion, Whippman uses
an empathetic tone which helps her to resonate with her readers and make the
article more relatable for them. Also, the way she structure her article with
an accumulation of information helps readers to better understand what she is
trying to relay in the article. Although Graves does provide a more in-depth
explanation of information, she is biased in the use of information from limited
sources. In contrast, Whippman is unbiased and credible with reliable source of
information. Hence, Whippman has presented a more persuasive case.