Taking into consideration of the old research, the conceptual theoretical account that was created and the hypotheses that were developed. In following chapter will explicate the research design and methodological analysis in order to demo how to transport out the research and so the consequences and analysis chapter will demo the hypotheses proving.This chapter provides a elaborate overview of the research design, which is used to turn to inquiries and the methodological analysis used for the research.
This portion will explicate the research instruments used for trying, fieldwork programs and types of informations. Finally to reason, the chapter will give a brief drumhead on statistical methods used for analyzing informations, which has been collected and the consequences will be elaborated on the following followers chapters.
Research Design and Methodology
“ A research design is merely the model or program for a survey, used as usher in roll uping and analysing informations.
It is the design that is followed in finishing a survey ” ( Churchill, 1999, p98 ) . In add-on, there are two basic types of research designs available which are classified in footings of the research objectives: exploratory and conclusive. ( Malhotra, 2009 ) . Therefore, the design of this survey included exploratory and descriptive research.Exploratory research can be used when direction realised that a job has non been clearly defined. ( Malhotra,2009 ) .
In this survey secondary research will be relied on such as reappraisals available of literature and touristry industry informations. In add-on, qualitative attacks such an in-depth interview with the president of the Word Heritage Sites in Ayutthaya states in order to happen out more formal. Therefore, both attacks can supply important penetration into a given state of affairs. Although the consequences of qualitative research can give some indicant as to the “ why ” , “ how ” and “ when ” something occurs, it can non state us “ how frequently ” or “ how many. ” ( Wikipedia, 2010 )Conclusive research design After deriving apprehension of the current state of affairs from explorative research, the conclusive research is designed to do the direction determination, proving hypotheses and besides analyze relationships between factors act uponing the perceptual experience of the image and finish pick in Thailand.
Furthermore, the descriptive research was used to depict the trip features and find those relationships. Due to clip restriction, a selected group of respondents were measured and the data-collection used in this study was the study conducted by questionnaire.
Figure 3: Research Design
Beginning: Malhotra, 2009 p.96
4.2 Secondary Research Methodology
Secondary informations is informations collected antecedently for some intent instead than the job in manus ( Malhotra, 2009 ) . With respect to roll uping informations about the current touristry state of affairs job, two types of the secondary research were collected. The first 1 is the internal secondary informations from the Tourism Authority of Thailand ‘s study, which provided the background of the administration and cardinal informations about the touristry industry in Thailand.
The 2nd 1 is the external secondary information literatures have been reviewed. The information was received from many beginnings including the information that provided the simple background of demographic informations for international tourer reachings in Thailand.Obtaining information from the secondary information gives the survey a greater apprehension of the touristry industry in Thailand and besides can specify the research job that will so assist to develop a manner to near and work out it. In add-on, diary articles, newspapers, web sites and books provide cognition in specifying the variables for the conceptual model development, hypotheses preparation and questionnaire design.
Despite the fact that the secondary informations can salvage clip and besides supply a batch of information it can still miss truth and might non be plenty for the current survey, therefore the farther demand for primary informations may necessitate.
Table 4.1: Secondary Research
Percept of tourers
Sirgy & A ; Su, 2000Tourists have stereotyped image ‘s and different perceptual experience ‘s of travel locationsTuohino, 2002Customers benefit the finish through their gustatory sensations and penchants which can straight lend to marketing new merchandises and services in the touristry industryReportforu, 2010Understanding the ratings of a finish ‘s characteristic image related to finish pick is needed
Cromton,1979Consumer ‘s organic images and the induced image of a tourer finish can be obtained from literature, friends or relations.Fakeye and Crompton, 1991Travelers build a finish image based on the persuasive information they obtain from friends, intelligence and travel bureaus.Rittichainuwat, 2001Customers benefit the finish through their gustatory sensations and penchants which can straight lend to marketing new merchandises and services in the touristry industry
4.3 Primary Research
Primary informations is the informations undertaken by the research worker for a peculiar job under the current survey ( Malhotra, 2009 ) . The major research method in this study was through questionnaire study. A questionnaire is utile information obtained from a individual when reacting to inquiries in a preset order ( Saunders et Al, 2003 ) .
Furthermore, a questionnaire can assist give an apprehension to who the consumers are, how they behave and why they behave in that manner ( Malhotra and Peterson, 2006 ) . In this survey, by utilizing the questionnaire study a big sample was selected and was used to back up the literature in order to acquire a deeper apprehension of the variables of taking the finish. Furthermore, studies were chosen in order to derive penetrations into the traveler ‘s perceptual experience of Thailand ‘s image.Furthermore, after the analysis of the questionnaire informations, qualitative research is adapted in the farther phases, which will be used in a series of semi-structural interviews in order to research and explicate findings obtained through the study ( Saunders et Al, 2003 ) . The in-depth interviews were conducted to “ bring out deeper penetrations about underlying motivations ” and “ it is possible to acquire at existent issues when the subject is complex ” ( Malhotra, 2009 ) .
Therefore, the interview was conducted with the president of the World heritage site Ayutthaya state in order to reply the inquiry in subdivision C ( See Appendix 2 ) that focuses on the universe heritage site.
4.3.1 Method Choice
The method chiefly used by the research worker to roll up the study informations was by electronic interviews through cyberspace study. Internet study is conducted by a questionnaire posted on a web site which is self-administered by the respondents ( Malhotra, 2009 ) . The inquiries are shown on the screen and respondents answer by snaping on the icon provided. The website “ Survey doodad ” or “ www.surveygizmo.
com ” is used in this current research. Using internet study means that the response is coincident and speedy and so it can be analysed about in the existent clip ( Malhotra, 2009 ) .
Due to budget and clip restriction, a convenient simple random trying ( SRS ) attack is used in this survey.
The studies were selected based on direct inquiring. “ A sample is a subgroup of the elements of the big population selected for engagement in the survey. ” ( Malhotra, 2009 ) . Furthermore, a sweet sand verbena technique is used in order to email the questionnaire to the respondents and let them to send on it to farther respondents ( Churchill, 1995 ) . In this study, the sample group was selected indiscriminately from the international people.In order to cipher the sample size, this statistical method was chosen.
The sample size was calculated as follows:2500 * N * Z2n = _______________________[ 25 ( N-1 ) ] + [ 2500 * Z2 ]Where n = sample size requiredN = population sizeZ = figure of standard mistakesThe entire population size ( N ) is 14.5 million, which is taken from the appraisal of UNWTO ( World Tourism Barometer ) in 2008. In this undertaking, the most normally used 95 % assurance degree is applied.When the variables are taken, the consequence from the expression could be as follows:2,500 * 14,500,000 * 1.962n = ______________________________________25 ( 14,000,000 -1 ) + ( 2,500 * 1.962 )
n = 384
Due to be and clip restraints, 62.5 % of the entire sample size was taken into consideration.
Therefore up to 240 respondents could be collected in carry oning the study.Harmonizing to the sampling technique being used in this study, Simple Random Sampling ( SRS ) each sample in the entire population has an equal chance of being selected ( Malhotra, 2009 ) . Therefore, the ways of administering the questionnaires were conducted chiefly by online-based study.
4.3.3 Operationalisation of the variables and questionnaire design.
A questionnaire can be used to assist the research worker standardise the informations aggregation procedure, it besides increases velocity and truth of recoding ( Malhotra and Peterson, 2006 ) . A questionnaire officially sets out the manner in which research inquiries of involvement should be asked ( Proctor, 2000 ; p.156 ) .
A questionnaire is usually divided into three subdivisions ; the first subdivision is an debut in order to steer the respondent into the research. The following subdivision is the organic structure, which provides the information for replying the research inquiry. The last subdivision examines the general inquiries for illustration refering demographics e.g. age, gender, family one-year income ( Proctor, 2000 ) .The questionnaire was based on the hypotheses and research theoretical account ( see chapter 3 ) .
It consists of 15 inquiries divided into four chief subdivisions over four pages. The study included, the debut and intent of survey, literature was used to happen out the variables for the questionnaire. Besides, the questionnaire organic structure was designed with multiple pick and dichotomous inquiries with all the graduated tables referred as “ 7 Point Likert Scale ” . In add-on, the likert graduated table will let the respondents to bespeak how strongly they agree or disagree with a statement related to the stimulation object ( Malhotra and Peterson, 2006 ) .The questionnaire is divided into the undermentioned four subdivisions as explained below.
The first subdivision is about the general debut of trip feature and the general factors with 21 property feature which have been demonstrated in old research ( Rittichainuwat, 2001 ) . The property of features have been adapted from the former survey for mensurating the relation between the perceptual experiences of respondents and the finish pick.
The 2nd subdivision covered the interested degree of the participants towards their finish pick within Thailand.
This subdivision is for the tourer who has been to Thailand earlier in order to acquire the information for farther discuss toward the universe heritage site in Thailand.
The concluding subdivision is the personal information which will depict about the respondent demographic and cleavage of the participants e.g. gender, age, matrimonial position, instruction degree, business and family one-year income.From the above account about the variables adapted from the literatures, the operationalisation of the variables will be given in the undermentioned tabular array.
Table 4.2: Operationalisation of Concepts
Attribute characteristic through the image of Thailand
Author ( s )
Factor 1: Sociable and environmental jobs
Heavy pollutionRittichainuwat, 2001Herding in large metropolissRittichainuwat, 2001Traffic jamsRittichainuwat, 2001Numerous bars, dark nines, male and female comradeRittichainuwat, 2001Prideaux et al. , 2004Henkel et Al, 2006Inefficient local conveyanceRittichainuwat, 2001
Factor 2: Safe travel finish
High criterions for sanitation and cleanlinessRittichainuwat, 2001Stable political state of affairsRittichainuwat, 2001Safe topographic point to goRittichainuwat, 2001 Echtner & A ; Ritchie, 1993
Factor 3: Adventure activities and scenic natural beauty
Assortment of activities ( coral observation, diving, canoeing )Rittichainuwat, 2001Opportunity for escapade ( jungle Tourss, rafting )Rittichainuwat, 2001Scenic and natural beautyRittichainuwat, 2001
Factor 4: Rich civilization
Numerous cultural and historical attractive forcesRittichainuwat, 2001 Echtner & A ; Ritchie, 1993Henkel et Al, 2006Beautiful architecture and edificesRittichainuwat, 2001Tapachai & A ; Waryzak, 2000Echtner & A ; Ritchie, 1993Henkel et Al, 2006Interesting imposts and civilizationRittichainuwat, 2001 Echtner & A ; Ritchie, 1993Henkel et Al, 2006Wongkerd, 2003
Factor 5: Good-value culinary art and hotels
Assortment of culinary artsRittichainuwat, 2001Tapachai & A ; Waryzak, 2000Henkel et Al, 2006Handiness of international-standard adjustmentsRittichainuwat, 2001Value for money spentRittichainuwat, 2001
Factor 6: Easy entree
Handiness of tourist-information centresRittichainuwat, 2001Easy entree ( entry to state )Rittichainuwat, 2001
Factor 7: Good shopping
Many stylish brand-name merchandises in promenades and shopsRittichainuwat, 2001Good deal shoppingRittichainuwat, 2001Tapachai & A ; Waryzak, 2000Henkel et Al, 2006Before administering the study, the research worker conducted the pre-test with 20 respondents in order to look into that the sentences of the questionnaire were simple and easy to understand. It besides gives an chance for the research worker to extinguish the jobs within the questionnaire like give voicing, inquiries, signifier and layout. Furthermore, pre-testing “ is proving a questionnaire on a little sample of respondents for the intent of bettering the questionnaire by placing and extinguishing possible jobs before utilizing it in the existent study ” ( Malhotra and Peterson, 2006, p.307 ) .
3.4 Fieldwork program
The information was collected between the 1st and the 20th of August, 2010. The 240 respondents were selected indiscriminately and internationally. The study was chiefly on-line, sent through electronic mails and on-line societal networking tools such as facebook in order to acquire a higher response rate.
In add-on, on-line study allowed the research worker to utilize a sweet sand verbena attack in order to email the questionnaire to the respondents and so send on the online questionnaire to farther respondents. Furthermore, the survey collected the information from both genders with different age groups and assorted businesss. Such a simple random trying ( SRS ) procedure gives equal chances to everyone and besides means that the survey is non biased.Furthermore, after analyse the consequence from the questionnaire in order to happen out the job toward the universe heritage site in Thailand. The in-depth interview with the president of the universe heritage site in Ayutthaya state was conducted.
3.5 Analytic issues
In the information analysis, analytical methods were used to garner the informations and analyze the consequences. Hypothesiss were tested with assorted statistical attacks. In order to analyze the basic statistics, descriptive statistics have been used.
Furthermore, one-sample trials were applied to show the demographic profile of respondents and besides examine the factors when taking a finish.To analyze and obtain a better apprehension of the relationship between independent and dependent variables, the arrested development analysis has been used. A arrested development attack was used to prove the hypotheses and it besides really utile for placing and foretelling the information values. Furthermore, arrested development coefficiency can be used to mensurate how good a forecaster of the arrested development is likely to be ( Saunder, 2003 ) .
The research design and methodological analysis has given inside informations of how the research design and how methodological analysis are used in order to transport out the full research. The following chapter will be the consequences from the informations collected and this will be aid to analysis of the research hypothesis.
Chapter 5: Consequences and Analysis
This subdivision begins with the inside informations of the consequences derived from utilizing assorted statistical trials such as factor analysis and descriptive statistics. Then, arrested development analysis will be used in order to analyze the information. Therefore, hypothesis testing will be shown in the current chapter.
5.2 Respondents ‘ Demographic Profile
A descriptive analysis was undertaken for summarizing the demographic profile informations, which was represented in the signifier of a tabular array by happening values in the information set and tabling the frequences of their happening ( Verzani, 2005 ) .
Therefore, the respondents ‘ demographic informations will demo in the undermentioned tabular array.The tabular array above with 240 respondents has shown female response laterality with 59.6 % over male respondents with 40.4 % . The mean age of most respondents ‘ is 20-29 old ages old at 78.3 % following by 30-39 old ages at 9.6 % and the other scopes of age are about every bit divided.
The bulk of respondents are individual at 84.2 % . About 50 % of respondents are analyzing or completing their graduate student. With respect to respondents ‘ family one-year income, about half of respondents have a family one-year income of less than ?20,000, 18.
8 % of them receive ?40,000 or over, followed by 17.9 % of respondents who earn ?20,000 – 24,999 per twelvemonth. However, the features of respondents are assorted with the different background information by utilizing the random trying method. Therefore, the consequence may change because the respondents have different perceptual experiences, attitudes and experiences.
1 Descriptive statistics for building in the conceptual model.
The method of one sample T-test was used to prove the criterion means in the conceptual model and the consequence will be explained as follows.From the consequences above, a beach is the trip feature with the highest mean at 5.64.
There are two trip features that about have the same mean point at 5.4 which are nature and cultural rubber-necking while, the historic architecture, shopping, night life and wellness touristry agencies are about over the norm at 4. The lowest mean is 3.82 for athletics activities.From the consequences above, a beach is the trip feature with the highest mean at 5.64. There are two trip features that about have the same mean point at 5.4 which are nature and cultural rubber-necking while, the historic architecture, shopping, night life and wellness touristry agencies are about over the norm at 4.
The lowest mean is 3.82 for athletics activities.The consequences depict how Thailand is perceived through 21 descriptive images. It can be seen that the samples show high positive norms for chance for escapade, a assortment of activities ( e.g.
coral observation, diving, canoeing ) diverse culinary art and international-standard adjustments. Furthermore, tourers besides have the mean mark of 5.4 with the perceptual experience of scenic and natural beauty, good deal shopping, and handiness of tourist-information centres. In add-on, tourers besides agree that Thailand provides Beautiful architecture and edifices with rich imposts and civilization.
However, there are besides negative images perceived by tourers which include the traffic jams, crowded large metropoliss, heavy pollution, criterions of cleanliness, legion bars offering female and male company and inefficient transit.From the consequences that have been discussed, bivariate arrested development analysis will be conducted in order to analyze the relationship between independent and dependent variable.
4 Hypothesis proving
This portion will demo the hypotheses proving as explained below
5.4.1 Bivariate arrested development Analysis between the importance of trip features and the finish pick.
H1: There is a important relationship between offering features andthe finishs chosen in ThailandBivariate arrested development analysis was used in order to prove the relationship between the four major trip features and the finish pick. As seen from the hypothesis, it is expected that there would be a important relationship between the characteristic properties of the finish.
In this analysis, independent variables were computed into four major factors in order to prove the four dependant variables as shown in table 5.4, the consequences will be shown in table 5.5 and 5.6.
4: The relationship between independent variables and dependent variables
Table 5.5: Bivariate arrested development analysis between the importance of trip features and the finish pick ( Model Summary )
After calculating the variables into four mugwumps, a bivariate arrested development was used to mensurate the correlativity between independent and dependent variables. The consequence showed that adjusted R square value.261 of Phuket is the highest followed by.213 of Ayutthaya, whereas, Bangkok and Chiang Mai have a low R square at.
075 and.039 severally. In the other manus, 26.1 % of the Phuket finish was made up by trip features such as beaches and nature ( See table 5.
4 ) . In add-on, 21.0 % of Ayutthaya was supported by historic architecture ( World Heritage Site, temples ) and cultural rubber-necking such as museums, markets and festivals ( See table 5.4 )
Table 5.6: Bivariate arrested development Analysis between the importance of trip features and the finish pick ( Coefficients )
Table 5.6 has shown that there is a positive correlativity ( & lt ; .274: Bangkok characteristic & gt ; , & lt ; .
462: Ayutthaya Characteristic & gt ; , & lt ; .514: Phuket Characteristic & gt ; , & lt ; .198: Chiang Mai Characteristic & gt ; ) between the forecaster variables and standard variable. With respects to the significance of.000 at P & lt ; 0.05, hypothesis 1 is supported.
5.4.2 Bivariate arrested development Analysis between tourers ‘ perceptual experience of Thailand ‘s image and the finish picks.
H2: There is a important relationship between tourers ‘ perceptual experience of Thailand ‘s image and the finish picks.To prove the above hypothesis, bivariate arrested development analysis was used in order to prove the relationship between the four major property image dimensions and the finish picks. Bivariate arrested development analysis was conducted for proving the relationship between the perceptual experience of visitants and the finish picks within Thailand.
This is because the research worker predicted that there would be a important relationship between perceptual experience and finish. In this analysis, independent variables and dependent variables will be summarized in the undermentioned tabular array.
Table 5.7: The relationship between independent variables and dependent variables
( Independent variable )
( Dependent Variable )
Factor 7: Good shopping
Factor 7 Good Shopping- Many stylish brand-namemerchandises in promenades and shops- Good deal shopping
Capital of thailand
Factor 4 Rich CultureFactor 4: Rich civilization
– Numerous cultural and historical attractive forces- Beautiful architecture and edifices- Interesting imposts and civilization
Factor 3.1 Adventure activities and scenic natural beauty Factor 3.1: Adventure activities and scenic natural beauty
– Assortment of activities ( coral observation, diving, canoeing )- Scenic and natural beauty
Factor 3.1 Adventure activities and scenic natural beauty Factor 3.
2: Adventure activities and scenic natural beauty
– Opportunity for escapade ( jungle Tourss, rafting )- Scenic and natural beauty
Table 5.8: Bivariate arrested development analysis between the perceptual experiences of the Thailand ‘s image and finish picks ( Model Summary )
After calculating the variables into four mugwumps. A bivariate arrested development was used to mensurate the correlativity between independent and dependent variables ( See table 5.7 ) . The consequence showed that the adjusted R square value.044 of Ayutthaya is the highest followed by Chiang Mai.
031, Phuket.024 and the lowest R Square is.001 which is Bangkok. In other words 4.4 % of Ayuthaya was made up by Factor 4 ( See table 5.7 ) , 3.1 % of ChiangMai was made up by factor 3.
2 ( See table 5.7 ) , 2.8 % Phuket was made up by factor 3.1 ( See table 5.7 ) . The lowest R square is Bangkok with 1 % , which was made up by factor 7 ( See table 5.7 ) .
Table 5.9: Bivariate arrested development analysis between the perceptual experiences of Thailand ‘s image and finish picks ( Coefficients )
The tabular array shows the consequences and that three out of four have a positive correlativity ( & lt ; .219: factor 4 & gt ; , & lt ; .168: factor 3.
1 & gt ; , & lt ; .186: factor 3.2 & gt ; ) between the forecaster variables and standard variable. The tonss of.001, .009, .
004 of factor 4, factor 3.1 and factor 3.2 are important because they severally show that the association is important at P & lt ; 05. However, factor 7 plays no important function ( .261 ) in Bangkok ( finish pick ) and hence is regarded as an excluded variable.
5.4.3 Independent T-Test Analysis correlativity of the demographics of tourer perceptual experience in relation to the finish pick?
H3: There is a important correlativity with the demographics of tourerperceptual experience in relation to the finish pick.In order to prove this hypothesis the properties of trip features are grouped into seven dimensions, which were adapted from the survey of Rittichainuwat et Al, 2001.
The accounts of each of the factors are in the undermentioned tabular array.
Table 5.10: Image Dimension
Heavy pollutionHerding in large metropolissTraffic jamsNumerous bars, dark nines, male or female comradeInefficient local conveyance
Social and environmental jobs
High criterions for sanitation and cleanlinessStable political state of affairsSafe topographic point to go
Safe travel finish
Assortment of activities ( coral observation, diving, canoeing )Opportunity for escapade ( jungle Tourss, rafting )Scenic and natural beauty
Adventure activities and scenic natural beauty
Numerous cultural and historical attractive forcesBeautiful architecture and edificesInteresting imposts and civilization
Assortment of culinary artsHandiness of international-standard adjustmentsValue for money spent
Good-value culinary art and hotels
Handiness of tourist-information CentresEasy entree ( entry to state )
Many stylish brand-name merchandises in promenades and shopsGood deal shopping
Beginning: Rittichainuwat et al. , 2001Furthermore, an independent T-Test is used to prove the relationship between the demographics and perceptual experiences of each of the dimensions as explained below.
Consequences of the Independent T-Test indicate that:There is a important difference between gender and societal and environmental jobs, good topographic point for shopping.There is a important difference between age and good topographic point for shopping.There is a important difference between matrimonial position and societal and environmental jobs, rich civilization.There is a important difference between instruction degree and rich civilization.There is a important difference between business and societal and environmental jobs, easy entree.There is a important difference between family one-year income and societal escapade activities, scenic beauty, good value culinary art and hotels.
This tabular array demonstrates the consequences of the independent T-Test perceptual experience differences by the demographics of international travelers when Thailand is their finish pick. A important difference has been found with people who are interested in a good topographic point for shopping, this difference has been found with male and female people between the ages of 20-29 and 30-39. Furthermore, individual travelers thought that Thailand has a rich civilization more than married visitants. Furthermore, professional travelers have a more negative perceptual experience of the societal and environmental jobs ( factor 1 ) than the pupils did. Last but non least, the survey has found that there is a important difference in positions for people who have the family one-year income of less than ?20,000, they had a more positive image of escapade activities and natural beauty which was besides appealing to individual or immature travelers ( 20-29 old ages old ) .
5.5 Further survey of toward universe heritage sites in Thailand.
Section C has been added in the questionnaire ( see Appendix 2 ) in order to analyze travelers who have been to Thailand.
In this subdivision it can be summarised that 159 out of 240 respondents have been to Thailand earlier. One – tierce ( 59 ) of travelers had been to Thailand five times or more and about 30 travelers went to Thailand merely one time or twice. Furthermore, merely 60 people went to a universe heritage site while they were remaining in Thailand.
For those visitants who went to the universe heritage site, Ayutthaya is the most visited by travelers ( 60 times ) follow by Sukhothai ( 28 times ) , Kamphaengphet ( 14 times ) and the last 1 is Si Sat Chanalai ( 13 times ) . The over all average satisfaction is 5.8428. ( see Appendix 3 )Furthermore, one sample trial has been used for analyzing the finishs that are of most involvement to visitants ( See table 5.11 ) , the consequence showed that the most attractive topographic point is Phuket which is the highest mean of 5.9, whereas Ayutthaya a universe heritage site has the lowest attractive mean at 4.
Table 5.12: One-Sample Statisticss of finishs in Thailand
In decision, bivariate arrested development has examined some important relationships with respect to the finishs. Hence, an independent T-Test has helped to clear up that demographics besides have some important effects as a moderator between attribute features and finishs within Thailand. Consequently, by utilizing assorted statistical tools in this chapter the consequences presented above are derived from factors and proving hypothesis. Thus the following chapter will discourse the grounds for these consequences, the deductions and the decision.
Chapter 6: Decisions and Deductions
This subdivision provides an academic treatment based on the consequences from the hypotheses trials utilizing the statistical analysis tool. It will discourse the trip features and the perceptual experience of image properties, which affect the finish picks in Thailand.
Furthermore, an in-depth interview with the president of the universe heritage site in Ayutthaya state will besides be discussed, in the attempt to happen the solution in this subdivision. Therefore, the first portion is a decision, lucubrating on the consequences and comparing them with the old research. The following portion provides practical managerial deductions and theoretical deductions. Finally, restrictions and the proposal of farther research will be discussed at the terminal of the subdivision.
6.2 Discussion and Conclusion
The current survey helps to lucubrate on the aims of the research undertaken with the consequences analysed. The treatment is based on the consequences of the hypothesis trials compared with the old research.
6.2.1 The relationship between offering features and the finishs chosen in Thailand.
As is shown in the consequences subdivision 5.4.1, there are important relationships between the trip features and the chosen finishs in Bangkok and Chiang Mai. The ground for this may be that travelers prefer features such as beaches and nature and are more likely to hold thought of Phuket as a good finish pick. This may be due to viva-voce, reappraisals on travel web sites or advertizements that are more focussed on the leisure and relaxation factors. Kotler, Bowen & A ; Markens, 2006 ) . Besides that, it is noticed that, travelers who are interested in historic architecture and cultural sightseeing tend to take Ayutthaya as their finish. Those who are more interested in athletics activities such as hike or mounting and spa relaxation would prefer Chiang Mai.
If the chosen finish is Bangkok, travelers are largely likely to prefer shopping or night life. Therefore, it supports the first hypothesis, which is associated with the old surveies which stated that ingestion values including the functional features are connected to the finish ( Tapachai & A ; Waryszak, 2000 ) . Every finish has its ain features, so the strongest characteristic influence is most likely to be the tourer finish ( Davies, 2003 ) .
6.2.2 The relationship between tourers ‘ perceptual experience of Thailand ‘s image and the finish picks.
A positive relationship is found between tourers ‘ perceptual experience of Thailand ‘s image and the finish picks. It can be explained that the properties relate positively to the finish pick. For illustration, respondents who had involvement in Thailand ‘s escapade activities ( factor 3.1 ; See table 5.7 ) such as coral observation, plunging and canoeing related to Phuket as their finish. On the other manus, travelers who are interested in jungle Tourss or rafting and natural beauty ( factor 3.
2 ; See table 5.7 ) will travel to Chiang Mai. The image dimension of rich civilization contains properties such as cultural and historical attractive forces that are comparatively important with Ayutthaya. However, factor 7 plays no important function in Bangkok ( finish pick ) and hence is regarded as an excluded variable.
It can be explained that tourers do non merely perceive Bangkok as a good topographic point for shopping but it has other properties that have an consequence. Therefore, hypothesis 2 is supported by old survey, images as to the trade name individuality, which is perceived by tourers but non all images can act upon the traveler ‘s decision-making procedure when taking a finish ( Crompton, 1979 ) . In add-on,