Thereason I am interested in Turkey is mainly because Turkey is one of my favoritetourist destination and it includes two of the ancient world’s 7 wonders, andTurkey is a country which I am always keen to know more about because of thecountry’s efforts to make Turkey a developed nation, and they have a fastgrowing economy, they have the best infrastructure facilities for example, oneof the Europe’s best airlines is Turkish airlines. Another reason is theirculture and tradition, I love Turkish paintings and really interested to watchtheir festivals especially dance festivals, and there is more than 1000 festivalsgoing on in Turkey each year.a.
GeographyTurkeyis a Eurasian transcontinental country, where Asian turkey comprises of 97percent and European Turkey includes 3 percent of the country. The territory isabout 1600 km long and 800 km wide, where it stays between of the latitude 35degree and 43 degree N, and the longitudes 25 degree and 45 degree E, whereTurkey has a land area of7833,562 km which made it the 37th largestcountry in the world. Turkey has seas on its 3 sides, the Aegean Sea (west),the Black sea (north), the Mediterranean (south).
Greece and Bulgaria forms theborders of Turkey in the European side and Asian side consists the peninsula ofAnatolia. Turkey comprised of 7 geographical regions namely, Aegean, Marmara,Mediterranean, Black sea, Central Anatolia, Eastern Anatolia, and SoutheasternAnatolia b. CulturesThereis a diverse culture in Turkey consisting elements from Anatolian, Ottoman,Turkic and western culture and traditions. The visual arts of turkey includesTurkish painting, Turkish illumination, Turkish carpet, and Turkish miniature.The literature of Turkey is a mix of Arabic and Persian literature. The musicof Turkey includes the Turkish classical, folk music and is influenced byArabic, Greek, Ottoman, Persian and Balkan music and their dance culture isfolkloric.
The cuisine of turkey is mainly the Ottoman cuisine and theirpopular sports is football and other sports includes volleyball and basketball. c. Governmentand legal SystemsThepolitical system of Turkey is a secular parliamentary representative anddemocratic republic and includes the separation of powers, where the head ofthe government is the prime minister and President is the head of the state andis elected every 5 years.
As the Turkey’s political system has separation ofpower, the council of minister has the executive power, Grand National Assemblyhas the legislative power, and the legislative members are elected for a termof 4 years, where the judiciary is not dependent on the executive andlegislative power. Turkey has a highly centralized political system. Kermalism,secularism, modernization are the political principles of Turkey. TheConservative parties dominate the parliamentary politics. d.
GDP,GNP, Exports, and Imports of TurkeyTurkeyis one of the world’s developed and newly industrialized countries and has anemerging market economy. Turkey occupies the 17th largest nominalGDP in the world. Turkey is one of the leading producers of textiles,agricultural products , motor vehicles, electronics, construction materials, and home appliances in the world. In December2016, Turkey’s GNP was 854.71 USD bn which marked an increase from 850.15 USDbn in December 2015.
In case of exports, Turkey occupies the 25thlargest economy in the world. It was reported $139B was Turkey’s exports and $188B was Turkeys imports and the GDP was $857B in December 2016. The mainexports of Turkey are gold, jewelry, vehicle parts, and delivery trucks,whereas the main imports are car, gold, refined petroleum, and vehicle parts.The export destinations are Germany, Italy, UK, Iraq and the import destinationsare Germany, Russia, China, Italy and the United States.e. BusinessPartnersThefollowing are the top business trading partners of Turkey in terms of exportsin 2016 Germany (9.8%), UK (8.2%), Iraq (5.
5%), Italy (5.3%), US (4.6), France (4.
2%),UAE(5.4%), Spain (3.5%)Iran(3.5%), Netherlands(2.5%). Turkey shipped productsworth 142.6 billion USD in 2016. It was reported in 2016 that the Turkey’s 54.
8% of exports were shipped to the European trade partners, Asian importersbought 28.8% of the products and 8% were to African countries and a smallpercent (5.5%) were gone to importers from North America. The main notablebusiness firms in Turkey are BHDR (largest construction company in Turkey), BMC(Automotive), Borusan Holding (conglomerate), BOTAS (Oil and gas). f. OthersThereis a rapid growth in the tourism of Turkey in the past 20 years and itconstitutes a major part of the country’s economy.
Turkey is the world’s sixthmost famous tourist destination and attracted more than 42 million foreigntourists in 2014 and has declined to 26 million in 2017 due to political issueswith Russia and because of other problems like terrorists attacks. There are 17UNESCO world heritage sites in Turkey. Two of the seven wonders of the ancientworld are situated in Turkey, they are the Temple of Artemis in Ephesus and theMausoleum in Halicarnassus. Considering the infrastructure of Turkey, therewere 98 airports including 22 international airports in 2013. Turkish airlineswere selected as Europe’s best airlines for five consecutive years from 2011 to2015. In 2014, Turkey developed a 65623 kilometers of road network and the railnetwork was 10991 kilometers long. Sanitation and water supply was all defined byachievements and drinking water access become universal and sanitation accessalso increased rapidly. 1.
Positiveand negative affects of globalization in Turkey.Turkey is a countrywhich is mostly influenced and gone through globalization and the