The cinema was invented during the 1890s during the beginning of the industrial revolution. The telephone, phonograph, and automobile had also appeared its start during the same time as cinema did. Cinema was used as entertainment and as an artistic medium. Cinema had many technological requires that had to be met before it could be invented as a complicated medium. Cinema was not invented from a single source but had contributions from United States, Germany, England, and France.
There were five technological requirements and preconditions for Motion Pictures. The property of vision was needed to perceive motion for the series of images that would be placed in a rapid succession. There had to be enough capacity to flash series of images fast to seem like motion on a surface. The ability to use photography to make the images on a clear surface was needed. Photographs needed to be passed quickly through a camera would have to be printed on a flexible base. Last requirement was finding a mechanism that would be suitable for the cameras and projectors. All of the technical requirements to make cinema exist were available but needed to bring the elements together to successfully make use of around the world.
Thomas Edison and his assistant Dickson used their invention of the phonograph and some Eastman Kodak film to create a new machine. Dickson’s early decisions influenced the whole history of cinema; in one frame use 35mm film stock and four perforations. They built their own studio, called the Black Mario, and were ready in January 1893. Kinetoscope parlors started opening up in the United States and abroad after April 1894. For about two years the Kinetoscope was profitable until other inventors found more ways to project films.
There were many contributions and developments made by the European and American inventors. The Lumière brothers invented a projection system that could be used to make cinemas enterprise internationally. Since the brothers began showing their films abroad, the history of the cinema begins with the arrival of the Cinématographe. The spread of the film industry was speeded up by Paul, when he sold his machines instead of leasing them in Great Britain and exhibitors abroad. Cameras and projection systems were being devised in the U.S. The American film industry was shaken by a patent from the Lanthem loop by the Lanthem Group and made a major contribution to the film technology. The Vitascope marked the beginning of projected movies as a viable industry in the U.S. By 1897, with all these inventions the creation of the cinema was largely completed.
Cinema was becoming successful as entertainment which included subjects of non-fiction, short travelogues, news events, and fiction. With a variety of genres, fiction had become the most popular one. The first decade of cinema the films were shown in many countries in the world. The three main countries where motion-picture camera had originated and was concreted more on were France, England, and the United States. The English Cinema was popular for several years but soon had weakened in the face of the American, Danish, Italian, and French competition. The U.S. was the largest market for motion pictures because it had more theaters. U.S. firms focused more on the domestic market but films were being sold abroad also. Competition and rivalry had grown. Small-scaled production had started in other parts of the world including India.
Major changes had taken place in 1904 that resulted in a new medium and new form of art of the cinema. The industry’s main product was still Fiction Films. There was international growth in the industry that was still being established. There were many inventors and producers who had succeeded with their partners and/or individually and some that did not go far in the film industry. Cinema now is still changing and films have been changed and many new technologies and inventions have played a major role in the industry.