The 1920s was
a turning point for Canada, with many battles won in the previous decade,
Canada had proven itself as a nation worthy of becoming fully autonomous.
During the First World War at the Second Battle of Ypres, the Canadians were
outnumbered by the Germans, they were on the Western Front when suddenly a cloud
of chlorine gas from the German side came rushing towards them. Some 6000
soldiers died because of this attack. It was the first use of chemical gas as a
weapon. Despite the pain and agony, the Canadians were able to stop the Germans
from penetrating their lines. On July 1st, 1916, in Beaumont-Hamel,
France, the Newfoundland Regiment attacked the Germans after errors and miscalculations
were made. They rushed the German lines through no mans land but were stopped
by barbed wire and heavy machine gun fire. Within 30 minutes, 700 out of the
800 Newfoundlanders were killed, missing or wounded. This battle showed the
amount of sacrifice Canada is willing to take to win the war. On April the 9th
of 1917, the Battle of Vimy Ridge has begun. The Canadian Divisions were
ordered to capture Vimy Ridge from the Germans. The ridge was an important asset
to have as it held a view overlooking all the allied lines. The fight to
capture the ridge would be hard as previous French attempts had failed, but within
3 days into the battle, the Canadians managed to capture the ridge. By using a
new strategy named the creeping barrage, the Canadians were able to keep German
forces away from their machine guns and into their trenches. The Canadians also
had access to new maps made from aerial photographs to guide their way through
the battlefield. With this battle won, the Canadians were prouder than ever as
the Canadian Corps had achieved what the French and the British had previously
failed to do. With Canada playing a key role in allied victories and showing
major contribution to the war, Canada was given the right to sign the Treaty of
Versailles as an independent nation. On January 10th, 1920, the League
of Nations was created and Canada would the League as a separate nation from
Britain.