Last updated: February 28, 2019
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The Mind Of Man Essay, Research Paper

& # 8220 ; The alterations take topographic point inside you know & # 8221 ; the physician warns Marlow in Heart of Darkness ( 9 ) . Joseph Conrad, the writer of Heart of Darkness, uses the words of the physician to warn the readers of the alterations Marlow faces on his journey. This journey was a physical journey to the bosom of the Congo River, but it was besides a journey into the deepnesss of his ain head. As Marlow encounters three Stationss along the Congo River, he encounters three Stationss or degrees in his head. These degrees in the head have labels from Freudian psychological science? the Superego, the Ego, and the Id. Conrad develops the three physical Stationss as the psychological Stationss of the Superego, the Ego, and the Id.

The first station Marlow encounters is the Outer Station. This station represents the Superego, which is & # 8220 ; the division of the mind that develops by the incorporation of the sensed moral criterions of the community, is chiefly unconscious, and includes the scruples & # 8221 ; ( American Heritage Dictionary ) . The Superego is the portion of the head which contains the criterions of morality set by society. The Superego is besides the subdivision of worlds that is a forepart, or a false face. Peoples use their forepart to reflect what they think society wants to see. Marlow describes seeing an comptroller in the Outer Station who represents the Superego: & # 8221 ; I saw a high starched neckband, white turnups, a light alpaca jacket, white pants, a clear necktie, and varnished boots? in the great demoralisation of the land he kept up his visual aspect & # 8221 ; Marlow tells his audience ( 15 ) . The accountant represents society and the influences of society on the Outer Station? the Superego. The European society as a whole is dominant at this station, and what society decides becomes the manner everyone is. Merely as the Superego is the portion of adult male that is society, so is this Outer Station the portion of this psychological trip into the head. It starts with Marlow & # 8217 ; s Superego at the periphery of who he is and what he wants society to see about him.

After the Outer Station, Marlow reaches the Central Station and his Ego. The Ego is & # 8220 ; the personality constituent that is witting, most instantly controls behaviour, and is most in touch with external world & # 8221 ; ( American Heritage Dictionary ) . The Ego consciously makes determinations for whole head. The Ego besides helps to command the Id, or the cardinal impulses. It keeps the moral criterions of the head and is self-control. At the Outer Station, Marlow tells his audience, & # 8220 ; I went to work the following twenty-four hours, turning, so to talk, my dorsum on that station. In that manner

merely it seemed to me I could maintain my clasp on the redemptive facts of life” ( 20 ) . In Marlow’s instance, turning his dorsum on the station, or self-denial, helped him to stay human. If he had non turned his dorsum on self-denial, he would hold become empty and nothingness of life as the director was. He would non hold been able to see anything good in life. At this phase of his journey, Marlow is fighting with maintaining control of his impulses, but he can make it because he is still at the Central Station, where his Ego still has control of his Id.

The Id is the concluding degree in Marlow & # 8217 ; s journey to the deepnesss of his psyche. Marlow reaches his Gem state when he reaches the Inner Station and Kurtz. The full journey was undertaken in order to make this end. The Id is & # 8220 ; the division of the mind associated with the instinctual urges and demands for immediate satisfaction of crude demands & # 8221 ; ( American Heritage Dictionary ) . The Id is the portion of adult male that harbors pure animal-like impulses and desires. Possibly the Id is the component of adult male that makes him make evil things. On page thirty-two, Marlow states that & # 8220 ; the head of adult male is capable of anything? because everything is in it, all the yesteryear every bit good as all the future. & # 8221 ; Marlow is detecting that adult male & # 8217 ; s head is highly complex and is composed of all of these beds. All of the beds of the head contribute to what adult male is capable of and, depending on which subdivision is dominant, what adult male does. The Ego and the Id are frequently in struggle. & # 8220 ; There is a struggle in every adult male, one that [ all work forces ] battle with & # 8221 ; ( McErlane 2 ) . This struggle is something that everyone faces mundane and it brings out our true ego.

Although many people do non desire to take the highly emotional and backbreaking pilgrim’s journey to the centre of their heads, it is ever worth the journey. As shown in Heart of Darkness, there are three Stationss along the trek to the bosom of adult male & # 8217 ; s psyche. As he reaches each station, adult male struggles with apprehension and acknowledging another degree of the head. When a individual chooses to do this journey, they must maintain in head that they might non like the truth they find in the terminal. Man can non undervalue that truth, because it may be stronger than he may believe. To understand the bosom of the psyche, adult male must look at every facet, non merely one component.


American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language. 1975 erectile dysfunction.

Conrad, Joseph. Heart of Darkness. New York: Herder, 1990.

McErlane, Kelly. Sigmund Freud and Heart of Darkness. hypertext transfer protocol: //