The communication era has witnessed adistinctive evolution; from networks handling analog voice services to fully IP-enabledmobile networks. The first mobile generation (1G) was a revolution supportinguser mobility after the fixed telecom network. New services have emerged withnewer versions. With the second digital mobile generation (2G), new servicesand applications have emerged (i.e. text messaging). However, with the thirdand fourth generations (3G and 4G), distinctive applications have appeared(apple Siri, google glass, etc.

) paving the way towards new mobiletelecommunication epoch. Cell phones will dominate the future Internet 146. “Horizon 2020 and beyond” is thetag of the upcoming new era in the telecommunication domain. 5G is not depictedto be an evolution of the previous mobile network generations (2G/3G/4G (LTE)).It is more of a revolution that will change our way of life.

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5G is supposed tobe the second industrial revolution. Very low latency, high throughput,reliability, security, and high mobility are the characteristics of thisupcoming technology 147. This revolution will enable the cellular IoTparadigm 148. Main IoT requirements are to be met by thisnew mobile network. IoT isexpected to be integrated in the 5G mobile network 149.

The no cell communication pattern will besupported encompassing the Device-to-Device (D2D) direct communication reducingthe signaling and connection time. There is an effort to integrate Machine TypeCommunication (MTC) into the 3GPP mobile network architecture supportingessentially Human-to-Human (H2H) communication. The mobile network capacity tohandle mobile wireless communication makes it suitable for the new emergedcommunication type. However, the high number of connected devices will need a newmanagement paradigm.

Overhead in terms of signaling and communicated data mustbe considered in any mobile network bearing M2M based services.