The term grand narrative or in other words, the “metanarrative”, which
when you derive the word itself, it basically means a complex idea formed by
the concept of telling a story which is a story, inside a story, that explains
the philosophical aspects of knowledge and history. It is basically a global
narrative theory of the ancient historic events, which completes an aspect of a
proficient idea. These narratives vary from the notion of religion to the
emergence of the modern era to the criticism and critiques of the perspective
of the post-modern world.
The expression of the “Grand
Narratives” was first established by the French philosopher,
“Jean- Francois Lyotard” in (1979), where he theorized the term “post-modern”
by looking at different scopes of views and establishing a form of knowledge
from it. In his famous, well known book “The
Postmodern Condition: A Report on Knowledge”, which was
also published in (1979). Lyotard argues that we need to see the world In terms
of a “perforation of micro-narratives”. He was driven entirely by the
economic logic. He was also looking at the “rejection of the grand narratives”,
because to him that’s what the postmodernism era was about. Postmodernism had
this ideology of getting away from the constraints of modernism, and to follow
different paths and connect them to the local culture.
One of the main concepts that Lyotard keeps mentioning in his book is
the “death of the grand narrative”, how in the postindustrial society “the grand narrative is dead”.
That is because to him “The People” decide what Is needed to determine the legitimacy
of the truth.
A particular historical period that affected our belief about the idea
of the “Grand narrative” disappearing, occurred in (1966)
which is when post-modernism started. It officially
started when the” Pruitt Igoe Scheme (1954)” got blown up in St. Louis,
Missouri, on July 15,1972 at 3:32 pm. After it
was demolished by dynamite, new projects started to ascend, turning the slum
buildings into new astonishing flats, that’s also where architect “Minoru
Yamasaki” designed the well-known “World Trade Centre”. A key feature that
postmodernism likes to see is the “eradication” of the thing that went before (creating an image of destroying the thing
that proceeds it). It’s the stage where the transcendence
of “metanarratives” took over the “micronarratives”. It’s the phase where we
move from modernism to postmodernism, how “modernism” was mostly recognized as a style, a kind of concept of the view of the
world. Whereas in “postmodernism” it was taken in a much more deeper concern to develop architecture
within the different cultures that we are surrounded with. The idea of irony is
also repeatedly being conveyed in postmodernism.