In George Orwell’s book “Animal Farm”, we can see that he makes the characters personify the leaders in the Russian Revolution. He makes a comparison among animal’s characters during the rebellion against the Russian Revolution and Stalin. Orwell shows how people can be fooled by tyrants to believing anything. The animals in the story who act as the main characters may seem like regular animals but upon historical reference these are actually representatives for Communist leaders, such as Joseph Stalin, Leon Trotsky, and others.
The story Animal Farm begins with a pig named Old Major gathering all the animals together. He tells the animals that they must work together. After he dies, two pigs Napoleon and Snowball assumed command. Days later, the animals revolt and throw Mr. Jones away from the farm. Then the animals rename it “Animal Farm”. Animal Farm was supposed to make life better for all the animals. Later Mr. Jones tries retaking the farm; but the animals defeat him at what they call the “Battle of the Cowshed. ” After, Napoleon and Snowball start fighting with one another for leadership.
One day, Napoleon’s dogs chase Snowball from the farm. Snowball is never seen again. Napoleon declares himself the leader; later on, he reviles his corrupt nature. He changes his stance on the windmill building, declares pigs the supreme animal, and the animals where starving for food. Soon Napoleon begins executing any animal that “conspires with Snowball. ” As time passes, Napoleon acts more and more like a human, departing from the original Animal Farm rules. Animal Farm draws connections between the characters in the book to the leaders in the Russian Revolution.
Old Major represents Karl Marx, because Old Major taught “Animalism” while Marx invented the Communism. Animalism is comparable to Communism; both declared everyone equal, no owners, no rich, and no poor. Other main character is Snowball; he is compared to Leon Trotsky. Both were very smart, genuinely wanted to improve life for all, and were chased away. Snowball was chased away by Napoleon’s dogs while Trotsky was chased away by the KGB. Napoleon represented Joseph Stalin. Both were corrupt, power hungry. Napoleon used dogs and Squealer to rule the animals while Stalin used the KGB and propaganda to control the people.