Theory Of Resistance: Anaximander, Heraclitus And Aristotle Essay, Research Paper
In looking at the logical thinking and theories of different philosophers throughout history, we see legion subjects develop which play assorted and sometimes really important functions in each philosopher & # 8217 ; s statements. In their treatments of the cause or beginning of the existence every bit good as those sing the relationships that exist inherently in nature, we see the different minds utilize subjects such as integrity, alteration and resistance. While many philosophers may use one or many of these such subjects, it is of import to observe that, frequently, the significance, reading and specific functions of these subjects will change from one philosopher to another. With this in head, I will try to sketch the function and reading of the theory of oppostion as presented by Anaximander, Heraclitus and Aristotle.
Although a limited sum of Anaximander & # 8217 ; s original Hagiographas survive to this twenty-four hours, a by and large clear apprehension has been developed of his doctrines. In his criticizm of Thales & # 8217 ; proposal of H2O as the remarkable beginning of the existence, Anaximander grounds that it can non be a individual component that is the beginning of all things nor responsible for the assorted differences and forms that exist in nature. Rather, Anaximander believes, the existence is the consequence of four elements in resistance to eachother. He proposes that Thales & # 8217 ; H2O is merely one component among many and, hence, is limited. He sets forth the four elements, essentilly, as being dry, damp, hot and cold. He utilizes this theory of the four elements in resistance to account for the balance that occurs in nature. It is this resistance, he believes, that keeps order to the existence. Were they non in resistance to eachother, any one of the elements would be boundless and would call off out the others. The importance of resistance in Anaxamander & # 8217 ; s statement is summed up in a statement of Aristotle & # 8217 ; s sing Anaximander & # 8217 ; s averments. Aristotle Tell
s us that “…they are in resistance to one another-air is cold, H2O is damp, and fire hot-and, hence, if any one of them were unbounded, the remainder would hold ceased to be by this time…” Anaximander’s warring opposites commit unfairness upon eachother and this relationship is apparent in such natural phenomena as the cyclical revolution of the seasons. In his theory, it is interesting to observe, nevertheless, that Anaximander does non trust entirely on the theory of resistance. Although resistance is cardinal to his statement, he does present the higher-up, boundless, consolidative factor of Time. The following philosopher I will discourse with respect to this subject is Heraclitus.
The manner Heraclitus uses the subject of resistance is similar to that we saw with Anaximander. Heraclitus & # 8217 ; philisophical statement centres mostly around the subject of resistance. He grounds that world is, contradictorily, both one and many and can be accounted for through an apprehension of the integrity of antonyms. Heraclitus belives that the kernel of things is strife caused by the conflict between antonyms. He asserts that whenever one thing is altering, it is altering into its antonym. Simply put, in altering, a certain thing is traveling from what it is to what it is non. One circumstance he uses to exemplify this rule of resistance is in the consideration that things brought togerther needfully conveying others apart. Using the analogy of a bow and pointer, he draws a clear illustration of how integrity is achieved when parts work in resistance to eachother. In this manner, Heraclitus accounts for the changing existence through the use of resistance. This, so, sets up a cyclical motion to the existence caused by resistance similar to that evident in Anaximander & # 8217 ; s treatment. A farther similarity between the two philosophers exists. Similar to the manner Anaximander introduced the construct of Time to his statement as a unifying, equilibrating factor, Heraclitus involves the similar construct, Logos, which balancs the discord of resistance.