They stated that
when  heavy metals increase in their
specific amount then they effect on plant growth and their development,and
results into soil contamination.while some plants grow only in highly
contaminated soil like chenopodium botrys.so individualy amount of metals can
be measured in formation of plants their development and structure.However they
also stated that some plant species can easily tolerate the heavy amount of
toxic compounds.they recorded the data that describes the effect of heavy
metals on the plant developmental parts like anther and pollen in chenopodium
botrys.these contains Cu,Fe,Zn,     

Comparison of
concentrations of metals in soils collected from minning site as a Polluted
area and out of  the Mine as a non-polluted
Area.

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Heavy
metal

Non-polluted
site

Polluted
site

Fe

2,078±25.1

33,890±1,565.1

Mn

32±9.8

385.3±23.8

Zn

112±30.7

1,405±137

Cu

10.7±1.5

119±31.5

 

 

 

 Sher et al.,(2011) carried out Ethnobotanical
studies of some plants of Chargharzai valley,Distrit Buner,Pakistan.

They stated that 206
plant species contain ethnobotanical information.Native people use these plants
for their daily purpose.In species of herbs ,24 trees and 39 shrubs and 7
climbers are present

 

Parveen et al.,(2012)
carried out pollen flora of Pakistan-LXX:Chenopodiaceae.

They stated about  pollen 
morphology in Pakistan which is representing  by 13genera and 40 spieces of family chenopodiaceae.which
is a stenopalynous  family.This family is
divided  into 4 pollen types.

1.Arthrocnemun indicum-type.

2.
Atriplex stocksii-type.

3.
Chenopodium album-type.

4.
Haloxylon persicum-type.

This family is helpful
for generic level.These plants are found in Xerophytic and Saline habitats.

 Nishanthini et al.,(2012)carried out total
phenolic,flavonoid contents and in vitro antioxidant activity of leaf of Suaeda
monoica forssk ex.Gmel (chenopodiaceae).

  They stated about antioxidant activity which
is performed by benzene,ethyl acetate,ether and extracts of the leaf of
mangrove herb (suaeda monoica)..these
antioxidant perform useful process.e.g suaeda monoica leaf can be used for the
treatment of mediated ailments.and some extracts showed scavenging
activity..Moreover they posses higher DPPH and hydroxal radical activity,and
ABTS radical cation scavenging activity..

Flavonoids can be
estimated..and this mixture absorb various substances in different quantities.

Sampson et
al.,(2012)carried out Genetic diversity and multiple origins of polyploidy
Atriplex nummularia lindle(chenopodiaceae).

They stated that in
south-western Australia which is a coastal semi-arid area ,the dioecious
species(Atriplex nummularia) is derived from octoploid ancestor..and then
spread in east and in different areas .Genetic diversity present between
species  ,in ecological importance of
A.nummularia no description between species is identified.two comm. on
subspecies of A.nummularia is used to find the diversity and taxonomic
relationships between Bayesian and phonetic analyses..overall in whole world
genetic diversity is high i.e A=509,H=2.8 But some western species are lower
I.e A.nummularia ssp.spathulata.while in perennial species genetic diversity
are present within subspecies F=0.048..

This is very informative
for the taxonomic separation of  two
subspecies.    

Chikhi et al(2014)carried
out Antidiabetic activity of aqueous leaf extract of Atriplex halimus
L.(chenopodiaceae)in streptozotocin – induced diabetic rats.

They stated that extract
of atriplex halimus contains
antidiabetic effect and known as medicinal plant.first time this experiment
were performed on mice and tested the mice tolerance.this extract is used to
calculate the total phenolic contents.then they obtained result that protein
level increased when treated with extract.

References:

Atallah M A.,H J
Nicholas.1971.Triterpenoid and steroid constituents of florida sp  anish moss.3139-4145.

Donnelly D.M.X.,M.A
Fitzgerald.1971.Pterocarpanoid constituents of Swartzia leiocalycina.3147-3153.

Winter K.1981.C4 plants
of high biomass in arid regions of asia occurrence of C4 photosynthesis in chenopodiaceae polygonaceae from the
middle east and USSR.48(1):100-106.

Sanderson C S.,Chu
Ge-ling,E.durant and H C Stutz1988.Evolutionary loss of flavonoids and other
chemical characters in the Chenopodiaceae.143-149.

Sunab X.,X Lia,H-J Beugc
.1999. Pollen distribution in hemipelagic surface sedim ents of the south china
sea and its relation to modern vegetation distribution. Marine Geology,
156(1-4): 211-226

Chandrasekaran M.,K
Kannathasan,and V. Venugopalan. 2007.Antimicrobial activity of fatty acid
methyl esters of some members of chenopodiaceae.331-336.

ents of the south china
sea and its relation to modern vegetation distribution. Marine Geology,
156(1-4): 211-226

Pyankov I.V.,E G
Artyusheva,G E.Edwards,C C.Black Piattelli m.,F Imperato.1971.Betacyanins of
some chenopodiaceae.3133-3134

,JR.,and P S.Soltis.2001.Phylogenetic
analysis of tribe salsoleae(chenopodiaceae)based on ribosomal its
sequences:implications for the evolution of photosynthesis
types.88(7):1189-1198.

 Chandrasekaran M.,K Kannathasan,and
Venugopalan V(2007),Antimicrobial activity of fatty acid methyl esters of some
members of chenopodiaceae.331-336.

Kurashige S.N.,AND A.A
Agrawal.2005.Phenotypic plasticity to light competition and herbivory in
CHENOPODIUM ALBUM.92(1):21-26.

Mandak B.,k Bimova,I Plackova,V
Mahelka and J Chrtek.2005.Loss of genetic variation in geographically marginal
populations of Atriplex tatarica (chenopodiaceae),Annals of Botany96:901-912

 Shepherd K.A.,T.D.Macfarlane and
T.D.Colmer.2005.Morphology,anatomy and histochemistry of
Salicornioideae(chenopodiaceae)fruits and seeds.Annals of botany 95:917-933.

Walker J.D., I Monino, E
Gonzalez, N Frayssinet, and E Correal.2005.Determination of ploidy and nuclear
DNA content in populations of Atriplex
halimus(chenopodiaceae)Botanical journal of the Linnean society147:441-448.

Gadano A.B., A.A.Gurni,M.A
Carballo.2006.Argentine folk medicine:Genotoxic effects of chenopodiaceae
family.journal of ethnopharmacology,103(2):246-251.

Kugler F.,S Graneis,F
C.Stintzing,R carle.2006.Studies on Betaxanthin profiles of Vegetables and
fruits from the chenopodiaceae and cactaceae.311-318.

El-Shazly A.,and M
Wink.2003.Tetrahydroisoquinoline and B-carboline alkaloids from haloxylon
articulatum(cav.)bunge(chenopodiaceae)477-480.

Wang L.,Z Huang,C
C.Baskin,J M.Baskin,J M.Baskin abd M Dong.2008.Germination of dimorphic seeds
of the desert annual halophyte Suaeda
aralocaspica (chenopodiaceae),a C4 plant without kranz anatomy.Annuals of
botany 102:757-769.

Voznesenskaya V.E.,H
Akhani,N K.Koteyeva,S D.X.Choung,O Kiirats,V R.Franceschi,G E.Edwards.2008.Structural,biochemical
and physiological characterization of photosynthesis in two C4 subspecies of
Tecticornia indica and the C3 species Tecticornia
pergranulata(chenopodiaceae)1715-1734.

Qureshi R.,A Waheed,M
Arshad,and T Umbreen.2009.Medico-ethnobotanical inventory of tehsil
chakwal,Pakistan.pak.J.Bot.,41(2):529-538.

Yousefi N.,A Chehregani,B
Malayeri,B Lorestani,M Cheraghi.2011.Investigating the effect of heavy metals
on developmental stages of anther and pollen in chenopodium botrys L.(Chenopodiaceae)140:368-376.

Perveen A., M
Qaiser(2012)Pollen flora of Pakistan –LXX:Chenopodiaceae.Pak.J.Bot44(4):
1325-1333.

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Byrne.2012.Genetic diversity and multiple origins of polyploid Atriplex nummularia lindl(chenopodiaceae).Biological
journal of the linnean socity,105,218-230.

 Nishanthini .A.,A.A Ruba,V.R.Mohan.2012.Total
phenolic,flavonoid contents and in vitro antioxidant activity of leaf of Suaeda
monoica Forssk ex.Gmel(chenopodiaceae) ISSN,5(1)

Chikhi I,H Allali.M A
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streptozotocin – induced diabetic rats.Asian pac J trop Dis 4(3):181-184

Medicinal uses:

           Most of the plants of chenopodiaceae
use in medicine..

1.     
Chenopodium
album leaves useful for
stomachaches,diarrhea,anthelmintic,diuretic,aphrodisiac,tonic,useful in
biliousness,abdominal pain,eye diseases and throat troubles.

2.     
Bathua(chenopodium
album) normally grow in winter season and leaves and shoots are used a
vegetable, but it has some medicinal importance like it is very laxative ,
anthelmintic and used in treatment of sunstroke,urinary problems,and skin
problems.

2. Haloxylon salicornicum which is shrub useful for Dyspepsia,ulcer
and antidote of insects.

3.Haloxylon stocksii,a shrub which is useful for Gastric ulcers and
renal stones.

4.Salsola imbricate useful for Dyspepsia,constipation and abdominal
distension.

5.Suaeda fruticosa is useful for removal of kidney stone and gout.

6.chenopodium ambrosoides:their products are essential oils which are
used against intestinal parasites..

7.About 41 species
belonging to 29 families used as medicinal plants in chapursan valley,Gilget.

8.These plants also used
to cure the diabetes mellitus,which is a chronic metabolic disorder.

Botanical name: Atriplex species.

Local name: Gerukh pari

Family:chenopodiaceae.

Part used:leaves,whole
plant

Specimen no:26

Ethno-botanical uses:the
leaves are boiled in water and the obtained juice..

2…Botanical name: sisymbrium irio L

   Local name:Khoob kalan

   Family:Brassicaceae

Part used:seeds

Specimen No:15

Ethno-botanical
uses:seeds are used in dropsy…

9.Leaves and stems of Spinacea 
oleracea L. are useful for Anemia,Bone’s tonic and produce fresh
blood

10.In chapursan valley .chenopodium ambrosiodis L  a chenopodium whole plant used in medicine,it
is a intestinal worm killer.

11. Atriplex crossifolia
C.A.Mey which is  Chenopodiaceae
Leaves used in throat infection and yellow jaundice.

12.

  List of Allergic plants in
CHENOPODIACEAE:                                                                                                                                                                                

               Some plants which cause allergy
are given below:

Iodinebush    

2. Arrow saltbush

       3.      Shadscale

       4.      Sea
Beet

       5.   
Greenmolly

       6.    Cattle
spinach           

       7.     Wright’s saltbush.

       8.   
Annual seepweed.    

 Biochemistry:

These plants are cyanogrnic or not cyanogenic.sometimes alkaloids present
or absent ,Arthroguinones detected in Salsola and flavanols also present like
kaemoferol and guercetin.

Ellagic acid is absent in some species and genera.Arbutin absent
while Betalains  present.Aluminium
accumulation absent.

Insulin recorded and carbon is also found in different amounts.

Aluminium,Allenrolfia,Anthochlamys.Arthrocnemum,Atriples,Beta.Bssia,Salicornia,Salsola,Girgensohnia,Halanthium,Halogeton,Halotis,Halocharis,Suada
and Theleophyton,Kochia.Panderia.

 

Result  and Conclusion:

                Some plants are aromatic like
Chenopodium ambrosioides.