They stated thatwhen heavy metals increase in theirspecific amount then they effect on plant growth and their development,andresults into soil contamination.while some plants grow only in highlycontaminated soil like chenopodium botrys.so individualy amount of metals canbe measured in formation of plants their development and structure.However theyalso stated that some plant species can easily tolerate the heavy amount oftoxic compounds.they recorded the data that describes the effect of heavymetals on the plant developmental parts like anther and pollen in chenopodiumbotrys.
these contains Cu,Fe,Zn, Comparison ofconcentrations of metals in soils collected from minning site as a Pollutedarea and out of the Mine as a non-pollutedArea. Heavy metal Non-polluted site Polluted site Fe 2,078±25.1 33,890±1,565.1 Mn 32±9.8 385.
3±23.8 Zn 112±30.7 1,405±137 Cu 10.
7±1.5 119±31.5 Sher et al.
,(2011) carried out Ethnobotanicalstudies of some plants of Chargharzai valley,Distrit Buner,Pakistan. They stated that 206plant species contain ethnobotanical information.Native people use these plantsfor their daily purpose.
In species of herbs ,24 trees and 39 shrubs and 7climbers are present Parveen et al.,(2012)carried out pollen flora of Pakistan-LXX:Chenopodiaceae.They stated about pollen morphology in Pakistan which is representing by 13genera and 40 spieces of family chenopodiaceae.whichis a stenopalynous family.This family isdivided into 4 pollen types.
Atriplex stocksii-type.3.Chenopodium album-type.
4.Haloxylon persicum-type.This family is helpfulfor generic level.
These plants are found in Xerophytic and Saline habitats. Nishanthini et al.,(2012)carried out totalphenolic,flavonoid contents and in vitro antioxidant activity of leaf of Suaedamonoica forssk ex.Gmel (chenopodiaceae). They stated about antioxidant activity whichis performed by benzene,ethyl acetate,ether and extracts of the leaf ofmangrove herb (suaeda monoica).
.theseantioxidant perform useful process.e.g suaeda monoica leaf can be used for thetreatment of mediated ailments.and some extracts showed scavengingactivity.
.Moreover they posses higher DPPH and hydroxal radical activity,andABTS radical cation scavenging activity..Flavonoids can beestimated..and this mixture absorb various substances in different quantities.Sampson etal.
,(2012)carried out Genetic diversity and multiple origins of polyploidyAtriplex nummularia lindle(chenopodiaceae).They stated that insouth-western Australia which is a coastal semi-arid area ,the dioeciousspecies(Atriplex nummularia) is derived from octoploid ancestor..and thenspread in east and in different areas .Genetic diversity present betweenspecies ,in ecological importance ofA.nummularia no description between species is identified.two comm. onsubspecies of A.
nummularia is used to find the diversity and taxonomicrelationships between Bayesian and phonetic analyses..overall in whole worldgenetic diversity is high i.e A=509,H=2.8 But some western species are lowerI.e A.nummularia ssp.spathulata.
while in perennial species genetic diversityare present within subspecies F=0.048..This is very informativefor the taxonomic separation of twosubspecies. Chikhi et al(2014)carriedout Antidiabetic activity of aqueous leaf extract of Atriplex halimusL.(chenopodiaceae)in streptozotocin – induced diabetic rats.
They stated that extractof atriplex halimus containsantidiabetic effect and known as medicinal plant.first time this experimentwere performed on mice and tested the mice tolerance.this extract is used tocalculate the total phenolic contents.then they obtained result that proteinlevel increased when treated with extract.
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1981.C4 plantsof high biomass in arid regions of asia occurrence of C4 photosynthesis in chenopodiaceae polygonaceae from themiddle east and USSR.48(1):100-106.Sanderson C S.,ChuGe-ling,E.durant and H C Stutz1988.Evolutionary loss of flavonoids and otherchemical characters in the Chenopodiaceae.143-149.
Sunab X.,X Lia,H-J Beugc.1999. Pollen distribution in hemipelagic surface sedim ents of the south chinasea and its relation to modern vegetation distribution. Marine Geology,156(1-4): 211-226Chandrasekaran M.,KKannathasan,and V. Venugopalan.
2007.Antimicrobial activity of fatty acidmethyl esters of some members of chenopodiaceae.331-336.
ents of the south chinasea and its relation to modern vegetation distribution. Marine Geology,156(1-4): 211-226Pyankov I.V.,E GArtyusheva,G E.Edwards,C C.Black Piattelli m.
,F Imperato.1971.Betacyanins ofsome chenopodiaceae.3133-3134,JR.,and P S.
Soltis.2001.Phylogeneticanalysis of tribe salsoleae(chenopodiaceae)based on ribosomal itssequences:implications for the evolution of photosynthesistypes.88(7):1189-1198. Chandrasekaran M.,K Kannathasan,andVenugopalan V(2007),Antimicrobial activity of fatty acid methyl esters of somemembers of chenopodiaceae.331-336.
Kurashige S.N.,AND A.AAgrawal.2005.Phenotypic plasticity to light competition and herbivory inCHENOPODIUM ALBUM.92(1):21-26.Mandak B.
,k Bimova,I Plackova,VMahelka and J Chrtek.2005.Loss of genetic variation in geographically marginalpopulations of Atriplex tatarica (chenopodiaceae),Annals of Botany96:901-912 Shepherd K.A.,T.D.
Morphology,anatomy and histochemistry ofSalicornioideae(chenopodiaceae)fruits and seeds.Annals of botany 95:917-933.Walker J.D., I Monino, EGonzalez, N Frayssinet, and E Correal.2005.Determination of ploidy and nuclearDNA content in populations of Atriplexhalimus(chenopodiaceae)Botanical journal of the Linnean society147:441-448.
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A.Gurni,M.ACarballo.2006.Argentine folk medicine:Genotoxic effects of chenopodiaceaefamily.
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El-Shazly A.,and MWink.2003.Tetrahydroisoquinoline and B-carboline alkaloids from haloxylonarticulatum(cav.)bunge(chenopodiaceae)477-480.
Wang L.,Z Huang,CC.Baskin,J M.Baskin,J M.
Baskin abd M Dong.2008.Germination of dimorphic seedsof the desert annual halophyte Suaedaaralocaspica (chenopodiaceae),a C4 plant without kranz anatomy.Annuals ofbotany 102:757-769.Voznesenskaya V.
E.,HAkhani,N K.Koteyeva,S D.X.Choung,O Kiirats,V R.Franceschi,G E.
Edwards.2008.Structural,biochemicaland physiological characterization of photosynthesis in two C4 subspecies ofTecticornia indica and the C3 species Tecticorniapergranulata(chenopodiaceae)1715-1734.Qureshi R.
,A Waheed,MArshad,and T Umbreen.2009.Medico-ethnobotanical inventory of tehsilchakwal,Pakistan.pak.J.Bot.,41(2):529-538.
Yousefi N.,A Chehregani,BMalayeri,B Lorestani,M Cheraghi.2011.Investigating the effect of heavy metalson developmental stages of anther and pollen in chenopodium botrys L.(Chenopodiaceae)140:368-376.Perveen A., MQaiser(2012)Pollen flora of Pakistan –LXX:Chenopodiaceae.
F.and MByrne.2012.Genetic diversity and multiple origins of polyploid Atriplex nummularia lindl(chenopodiaceae).Biologicaljournal of the linnean socity,105,218-230. Nishanthini .
A.,A.A Ruba,V.R.Mohan.2012.Totalphenolic,flavonoid contents and in vitro antioxidant activity of leaf of Suaedamonoica Forssk ex.Gmel(chenopodiaceae) ISSN,5(1)Chikhi I,H Allali.
M ADib,H Medjdoub,B Tabti.2014. Antidiabetic activity of aqueous leaf extract of Atriplex halimus L.(chenopodiaceae)instreptozotocin – induced diabetic rats.Asian pac J trop Dis 4(3):181-184Medicinal uses: Most of the plants of chenopodiaceaeuse in medicine.
.1. Chenopodiumalbum leaves useful forstomachaches,diarrhea,anthelmintic,diuretic,aphrodisiac,tonic,useful inbiliousness,abdominal pain,eye diseases and throat troubles.2. Bathua(chenopodiumalbum) normally grow in winter season and leaves and shoots are used avegetable, but it has some medicinal importance like it is very laxative ,anthelmintic and used in treatment of sunstroke,urinary problems,and skinproblems.
2. Haloxylon salicornicum which is shrub useful for Dyspepsia,ulcerand antidote of insects.3.Haloxylon stocksii,a shrub which is useful for Gastric ulcers andrenal stones.4.Salsola imbricate useful for Dyspepsia,constipation and abdominaldistension.5.
Suaeda fruticosa is useful for removal of kidney stone and gout.6.chenopodium ambrosoides:their products are essential oils which areused against intestinal parasites..7.About 41 speciesbelonging to 29 families used as medicinal plants in chapursan valley,Gilget.8.
These plants also usedto cure the diabetes mellitus,which is a chronic metabolic disorder.Botanical name: Atriplex species.Local name: Gerukh pariFamily:chenopodiaceae.Part used:leaves,wholeplantSpecimen no:26Ethno-botanical uses:theleaves are boiled in water and the obtained juice.
.2…Botanical name: sisymbrium irio L Local name:Khoob kalan Family:Brassicaceae Part used:seedsSpecimen No:15Ethno-botanicaluses:seeds are used in dropsy…9.Leaves and stems of Spinacea oleracea L. are useful for Anemia,Bone’s tonic and produce freshblood10.In chapursan valley .
chenopodium ambrosiodis L a chenopodium whole plant used in medicine,itis a intestinal worm killer.11. Atriplex crossifoliaC.A.Mey which is ChenopodiaceaeLeaves used in throat infection and yellow jaundice.12.
List of Allergic plants inCHENOPODIACEAE: Some plants which cause allergyare given below:Iodinebush 2. Arrow saltbush 3. Shadscale 4.
SeaBeet 5. Greenmolly 6. Cattlespinach 7. Wright’s saltbush.
8. Annual seepweed. Biochemistry:These plants are cyanogrnic or not cyanogenic.sometimes alkaloids presentor absent ,Arthroguinones detected in Salsola and flavanols also present likekaemoferol and guercetin.
Ellagic acid is absent in some species and genera.Arbutin absentwhile Betalains present.Aluminiumaccumulation absent.
Insulin recorded and carbon is also found in different amounts.Aluminium,Allenrolfia,Anthochlamys.Arthrocnemum,Atriples,Beta.Bssia,Salicornia,Salsola,Girgensohnia,Halanthium,Halogeton,Halotis,Halocharis,Suadaand Theleophyton,Kochia.Panderia. Result and Conclusion: Some plants are aromatic likeChenopodium ambrosioides.