Evaluate the role of particular pieces of written evidence in assisting our understanding of the Trojan War The Trojan War is one of the most legendary stories about warfare of all time. There has been much debate regarding the historical accuracy of sources about the war, leading many historians to disagree about whether the war actually occurred or not. Due to the lack of primary sources, the likelihood of some of the sources being untrue is very high, however there is too much uncovered evidence that supports the Trojan War’s existence to extinguish the idea that it did occur.
The Linear B Tablets gave historians information on the lifestyle and the fall of the Mycenaean Empire. Euripides’ Women of Troy gave a detailed account of the aftermath of the war on the women involved. The Hitter Diplomatic Archives offer information about the location of Troy and suggestions about the circumstances surrounding the Trojan War. One of the most famous recounts of the Trojan War, The Iliad, clearly narrates the events that occurred during the war. By investigating the archaeological evidence from each source, we can draw conclusions and consider the usefulness of sources in assisting our understanding of he Trojan War.
The discovery of Source A, the Linear B Tablets, opened an entire new world of information to scholars. After extensive examination of the source, Venture concluded that the inscriptions were Greek, leading to the conclusion that the Mycenaean were the ancestors of later Greeks. Upon further deciphering of Source A, historians discovered that the tablets catalogue twenty-nine contingents of ships that were involved in the attack on the City of Troy. Each contingent featured the name of their region, the name of their commanders and the number of ships and crew members in that particular unit.
The list featured 178 geographical names, which were used to recognize locations in Greece. None of the geographical names have proved to be fictitious, which is further proven from the locations mentioned in several outside sources. From the cataloguing of the ships, historians have also been able to determine the time when the tales of Troy originated, the methods and participants involved in the attack and were able to draw the conclusion that the Mycenaean fell due to an attack from sea.
Source A also contained knowledge about the lifestyle of the Mycenaean people, including weapons and armor they used. This s supported by Nichols’ belief that the products of bronchitis and weaponless recorded on the tablets prove that Hector, Agamemnon and other Homeric warriors carried some Mycenaean armor and equipment to Troy. The tablets also provide possible motive for the war. The tablets show that women were taken across the sea, treated as menial workers and slaves and used as objects.
Women, though powerless, were prized in Greek society, which led Wood, along with many others, to conclude that the “mistreatment” and “seizing of women” may have been a cause of the war. This is also suggested by the Iliad, in which Homer chooses Hellene abduction as the main cause of the Trojan War. As evident in these reasons, Source A provided extensive information on the Mycenaean Empire’s involvement in the war, which leads to a further understanding of the Trojan War.
Despite its determination, Source B, Euripides’ Women of Troy, provides us with another perspective of the Trojan war By Electrodynamics Trojan War. The main point of the Source B is a form of entertainment, as it is a dramatic play written to be performed in front of audiences; however, it also gives us a clear insight on the aftermath of the war and the effect that war has on the women ND children involved. There is also a strong focus on the involvement of the Gods in the war and their interference with mortal life.
The story focuses on Hachure, the Queen of Troy before it fell to the Greeks, and her family. She becomes a slave in the household of Odysseus, one of the victorious Greeks. This gives us an immediate insight to the role of women as commodities and monuments to a destroyed culture. Euripides’ portrays his own countrymen, The Athenians, as barbaric, as seen in women getting beaten, raped and sold as slaves for the Greek army while their hillier were murdered. This provides us with historical context about the treatment of men and women.
Euripides’ play also portrayed the gods as Jealous, head-strong and capricious. Housewarming states that this portrayal of the Gods would have disturbed the more conservative contemporaries of Euripides, and it was common knowledge that Euripides was “looked upon with mistrust by ruling class ideologues of his day’. This suggests that his revelation of the naiveté© of the ancient people in their belief of a pantheon of Gods having complete power over the destinies of men, hills socially unacceptable of the time, was in fact the context in which he lived.
The evidence of Source B gives us a deeper insight into the historical context of the Trojan War, the involvement of the Gods and shows us how the war affected the women and children. Further proof that the Trojan War actually occurred is evident in Source C, the Hitter Diplomatic Archives. Troy’s location at the edge of the Hitter Empire and its role as an important regional centre made it seem likely that the Hitter archives would have references to Troy. Among these archives include treaties, deters, annals and biographies, which show the relationship between the Hitter empire and their neighbors.
Several Hitter tablets make references to the city of Willis. The comparison of these archives with archaeological evidence eventually led to the possible connection that Willis was the ancient Anatolian name for Troy. Bryce states that this text gives us “firm, contemporary, historical reference for a war involving Mycenaean Greeks, Trojan and Hitters”. After extensive analysis of Source C, Historians determined that conflict, destructions, warfare and diplomatic crisis did occur in the area.
This conclusion was clearly supported by a letter by the Hitter King Whitetails Ill which outlines the conflict that took place over the site of Willis. The evidence from Source C also enables us to draw different conclusions about the circumstances surrounding the Trojan War. Rather than an attempt to retrieve an abducted noble woman, Wood upholds that the Hitter archives suggest that the destruction of Troy were caused by military challenges to the declining Hitter Empire and power over the land at the time.
This provides us with another logical hypothesis about what may have caused the war. The discovery of Source C, The Hitter Archives, has led historians to the discovery that a war did in fact occur in the location of where Troy once stood. The most famous source recounting the Trojan War is Homer’s poem, the Iliad, which acts as the main source for our knowledge on the Trojan War. The Iliad was handed down orally some 600 years after the war was supposed to have taken place and recounted the events.
Schlemiels believed that Homer’s records were historical, and in doing so, believed that he uncovered the remains of Troy. His discovery of the site supports Homer’s recount of the ten year inflict, so we are led to believe that it is quite probable that many of events recounted actually did occur. Former states that Homer’s correlation to the Hitter tablets “present a strong argument for the conflict”. The linguistic similarities of the locations mentioned in each text are innovative, which further supports the reliability of Source C, The Hitter archives.
The Iliad are first and foremost poetry, as evident in archaeological discoveries, however there is fair amount of substantial material to inherit historical merit. Whether or not the circumstances surrounding the war are erect, such as the belief the cause of the Trojan War was the Judgment of Paris, and that the war started due to his elopement with Helen, are up for the individual to decide, however as there is too much evidence to ignore the fact that the Trojan War could have occurred.
The Trojan War will forever remain an unsolved mystery to us, however there is extensive evidence that suggests it did happen. The Linear B Tablets gave clear information on the lifestyle and the fall of the Mycenaean Empire. Euripides’ Women of Troy gave a detailed account of the aftermath of the war on the omen and children involved and gives us a more emotional perspective of the war. The Hitter Diplomatic Archives offer information about the location of Troy and suggestions about the differing and somewhat more realistic circumstances surrounding the Trojan War.
The recounting of the Trojan War in the Iliad, however exaggerated and inaccurate the minor details may be, is still able to logically supported with evidence from other archaeological sources, such as the Hitters. All of this textual evidence makes us question that If the war never actually did take lace, then why would there be so much evidence suggesting that it did? These sources are incredibly useful in building our knowledge of Troy, and can easily be interpreted to prove that the Trojan War did in fact happen.