Trump’s First Year: Success of FailureFrom the time he has taken office to present day, President Donald Trump has signed fifty-one Executive orders. Some of these are minimal in their effect and are considered minor housekeeping bills; however, there are a number of Executive orders signed that will greatly impact groups of people. Despite having a Republican controlled House of Representatives, Senate, and White House, Trump has had to resort to signing Executive orders on many of the policies he has wanted passed. The first year of Donald Trump’s presidency has been a failure based on the effect the American people and those seeking refuge are facing from his enacted policies. ImmigrationPerhaps the biggest campaign promise Donald Trump made to his followers was that he was going to build “a great wall on our southern border, and make Mexico pay for it.” He has not held his tongue on describing how he feels about the immigrants that are travelling into the United States, stating once in a speech, “When Mexico sends its people, they’re not sending their best. … They’re sending people that have lots of problems, and they’re bringing those problems with us. They’re bringing drugs. They’re bringing crime. They’re rapists.” (Kopan, 2016) It was clear from the time he took office immigration would be high on Donald Trump’s priority list. On January 25, 2017, the President signed Executive Order 13767, stating that the purpose of the order was to “to deploy all lawful means to secure the nation’s southern border with Mexico, to prevent further illegal immigration into the United States, and to repatriate illegal aliens swiftly, consistently, and humanely.” (Executive Order No. 13767, 2017) However, the border wall that is said to help keep citizens safe, may actually be harming them. About sixteen percent of the workforce in the United States is made up of immigrants. Without this workplace growth, the number of working-age citizens would remain the same, which decreases productivity. Trade is also a big piece of the United States economy and Mexico is the third largest partner behind China and Canada. According to a study done by the Woodrow Wilson center, without trade with Mexico, nearly five million jobs would be in jeopardy. (Felbab-Brown, 2017) There are also effects being felt by immigrants themselves, especially those who were illegally brought into the country as children. Under an Obama Administration policy known as Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA), these immigrants would be given a renewable delay in deportation and made them eligible for work permits. DACA allowed nearly 800,000 people to stay in the United States, as they had entered the country, in most cases, by no will of their own. Donald Trump repealed the program in September of 2017 and essentially puts a large number of immigrants at risk of being deported. Opponent of the DACA policy, Jeff Sessions stated that the recision was a good decision by the administration saying the former policy, “denied jobs to hundreds of thousands of Americans by allowing those same illegal aliens to take those jobs.” (Sessions, 2017) However, there is not a fixed number of jobs in the United States, meaning that the more people that are here, the more jobs there are. (Kurtzleben, 2017) Without the immigrants that the DACA program protects, the economy suffers and the diversity of our nation suffers. A Travel Ban Under Fire On January 27, 2017, President Trump put into action Executive Order 13769: Protecting the Nation from Foreign Terrorist Entry Into the United States. This Executive order focused on restricting the immigrants from seven countries with a Muslim majority in population, it also completely banned refugees from Syria from entering the United States. (Silva and Rosenblatt, 2017) Immediately the effects of this Executive order were being felt in airports across the country. Some immigrants from the countries listed in the order who had already been approved to enter the country were detained, families were separated, and attorneys were left scrambling to protect the rights of those individuals being held. The purpose of the signed order was listed as follows, “the process plays a crucial role in detecting individuals with terrorist ties and stopping them from entering the United States.” (Executive Order No. 13769, 2017) However, out of the countries listed in the original travel ban, only six of previous ISIS arrestees were from those areas. The highest number of arrestees was seventy-six, all of them being US-born citizens. (Rose, 2017) Immediately after the order was signed, state lawyers jumped into action temporarily blocking the travel ban. Lawyers from fifteen different states and Washington, D.C. filed statements in support of the lawsuit brought against Trump’s ban. On February 9th of 2017, the U.S. Court of Appeals kept in place the suspension of the travel ban in a joint decision. The ban was labeled as “unconstitutional” as it focused greatly on religion rather than protection. (Schallhorn, 2017) On March 6, 2017, Donald Trump released a new form of his original travel ban, this time banning travellers from six countries for ninety days and allowing travellers who were permanent residents or those who held visas to enter the United States. Syrians were still banned, however this time for one hundred and twenty days instead of indefinitely. By the 8th of March, Hawaii sued in an attempt to block the Trump administration’s new ban. Lawyers from Hawaii stated that the travel ban would harm their economy and prevent their citizens from an “inclusive and pluralistic society.” United States District Judge Derrick Watson would eventually rule in favor of Hawaii and effectively blocked the ban from going into effect. Donald Trump criticized Watson’s decision and called it “judicial overreach.” (Schallhorn, 2017) After Trump’s administration appealed the decision, an appellate court in California stated that the ban could go into partial effect, granting “foreign nationals who have a credible claim of a bona fide relationship with a person or entity in the United States.” Grandparents, grandchildren, siblings-in-law, nieces, nephews, and cousins of those in the United States were now allowed to enter the country. The travel ban would yet again be altered, however; the final decision made by the United States Supreme Court on December 4, 2017, ruled that the latest version of the ban, blocking travellers from six predominantly Muslim countries, government officials from Venezuela, and people from North Korea would be allowed to go into full effect. (Hurley and Dunham, 2017) This ruling is definitely considered a victory for the Trump administration. Unfortunately, the process of these three different travel bans has been tedious and complicated, with around 90,000 people being affected originally. (Gonzales, 2017) This travel ban and the Executive orders signed by Donald Trump affect refugees trying to flee war-torn nations and also affects economy is multiple states. By implementing these provisions, Donald Trump has failed in granting refugees a safe home and overextends his use of power, yet again. Healthcare Reform One of Trump’s greatest desires when he was campaigning and after he took office was to repeal and replace Obamacare. Many thought this would be an easy feat for the new administration since Republicans controlled both houses of Congress as well as the White House; however, this remains to be seen. In September, Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell had already delayed voting on the healthcare repeal and replace bill originally after Senator John McCain was hospitalized with a blood clot. Unfortunately for Donald Trump and Mitch McConnell, two Republicans would join Democrats in expressing their intentions to vote against the bill, effectively blocking the legislation. McConnell released a statement shortly thereafter saying that they would release a bill repealing the Affordable Care Act but not offering a replacement. However, three Republicans would announce they were not going to support the bill, blocking the legislation again. (Montanaro, 2017) After this failure Donald Trump released the following statement, “We’re not going to own it. I’m not going to own it. I can tell you the Republicans are not going to own it. We’ll let ObamaCare fail, and then the Democrats are going to come to us.” (Pappas, 2017) By saying something like this, Trump shows that his interest is not for the people, as he refuses to work across party lines and coming up with a compromise that both Republicans and Democrats can agree on. After the failures in Congress, President Trump signed an Executive Order on October 12th regarding healthcare reform with the main purpose listed as “providing high-quality care at affordable prices for the American people.” (Executive Order No. 13813, 2017) Senator Rand Paul of Kentucky also joined the President in support of the Executive Order saying it will allow more individuals to obtain group coverage. However critics have expressed their worries about the new Executive order saying it will result in young, healthy individuals choosing policies that do not cover them as well, leaving people with pre-existing conditions to pay heftier premiums. Tom Nickels, Executive Vice President of the American Hospital Association, offered his opinion on Trump’s decision saying it could leave “millions of Americans who need comprehensive coverage to manage chronic and other pre-existing conditions, as well as protection against unforeseen illness and injury, without affordable options.” (Luhby, 2017) A more in depth look at exactly how Americans will be affected by the new healthcare plans raises questions and concerns among both parties and their constituents. Under the Senate-proposed healthcare reform known as the Better Care Reconciliation Act, the adults who are considered the oldest under sixty-five will pay five times more than their younger counterparts, funding for Medicaid would decline after 2020, and deductibles would rise to a considerably high number. Also being affected by the proposed reform are low-income nursing home residents who would see Medicaid coverage cut significantly. The Senate proposal is not the only healthcare reform that would hurt Americans, however. House Republicans have released their ideal plan to reform Obamacare, as well, this is known as the American Healthcare Act. This also affects the oldest people under the age of sixty-five by charging them five times more for health insurance and it also cuts Medicaid completely after the year 2020. People with pre-existing conditions would also be hurt by the American Healthcare Act. Insurers would be allowed to deny coverage to those individuals or charge them more depending on what condition they suffer from. Finally, those who use mental health services could lose coverage altogether. Those who would not be affected by either proposal are the wealthy, who would see the taxes they pay under the Affordable Care Act be repealed. (Grayson, Hurt, and Kodjak, 2017) By signing Executive Order 13813, Donald Trump is putting hard working Americans at risk for losing coverage, paying more for their coverage, or allowing significant cuts to the services they use on a daily basis. Virtually all Americans would be affected by either the Senate’s or House’s proposal in some way, shape, or form. For Donald Trump and his supporters, the signing of his various Executive orders is viewed as an accomplishment. However, through the policies he has enacted, many American people and those who long to live the American Dream are finding themselves on the losing side. With the Trump Administration’s immigration policy, travel ban, and healthcare reform, Americans and other citizens will find themselves battling to protect their own rights and the rights of those around them. It is important to look into the exact details of the Executive orders signed by this administration in order to see exactly who will be affected and how. v