A bill becomes a law after going through the following process:
First of all, the bill is prepared and introduced by the “member or the bill drafting division” (How a Bill Becomes a Law, n.d., n.p.). The second phase is called the “first reading” wherein the bill will be: filed, numbered, reproduced, and read by the “Secretary General” (How a Bill Becomes a Law, n.d., n.p.). After that comes the third phase known as “Committee Consideration/Action”, wherein the “Secretary General” relays the bill to this committee, which will in turn evaluate it and check if there is still a need for it to be heard by the public and if so, such hearing will be scheduled so that such bill may be discussed, revised, combined (if there are other bills similar to it), or replaced before a report about it is made (How a Bill Becomes a Law, n.d., n.p.). If the committee endorses such report it will then undergo second reading which is the fourth step; here the “Secretary General” reads it and there be deliberation, modification, as well as, voting (How a Bill Becomes a Law, n.d., n.p.). The fifth is the “Third Reading” where in reprinting is carried out especially if modifications were made; it will not be read again even though it says “Third Reading”, what happens here is that the votes cast by Members will be explained and no more modifications are allowed (How a Bill Becomes a Law, n.d., n.p.). If the majority approves then it will undergo the next stage, if not the bill will still be kept in the “Archives” (How a Bill Becomes a Law, n.d., n.p.).
The sixth stage is where the approved bill is sent to the Senate for them to agree about it or not wherein again the bill will undergo the same stages it went through with the Members earlier (How a Bill Becomes a Law, n.d., n.p.). If they agree then the bill will be forwarded to the President after being signed by the “Senate President and the Speaker of the House of Representatives” (How a Bill Becomes a Law, n.d., n.p.). If the President likes it the bill will be given and “RA number” and will be sent back to the House (if not it will be given a reason why not and then returned to the House as well) before is included in the “Acts and Resolutions”, “published, and distributed” (How a Bill Becomes a Law, n.d., n.p.).
It is excruciatingly difficult for bills to become laws; they are extensively looked into and objectively decided upon. It is more difficult for it to become a law if political parties or groups interfere with it since it may not be passed if not all members of the political group approves of it. This becomes a problem especially if the one who introduced the Bill is part of a political group who later does not want it to become a law because of personal interest.
How a Bill Becomes a Law. (n.d.). Retrieved November 24, 2008 from