The television plays a very important role in politics. Politicians have used television channels to let the masses know of their ideologies. However television can be blamed for the masses disillusionment as far as politics is concerned. The politicians have used the television only to convey to the masses what they would want the masses to know but have shied away from letting the television inform the masses of what they would not let the people to know. The television has been used by politicians as well as activists to conceal what they refer to as to gruesome or explicit for the masses to see (Graber, 98).
However, the television can be praised for revealing most of the political scandals that have come to light all over the world. One of these scandals is the famous Watergate Scandal in America, where the Washington Post was responsible for investigative journalism which ultimately made the American public aware of the scandal. The television plays an important low in both the international and local politics. However the television has more negative effects when informing of international politics than positive effects (Diamond, 1997).
This study will focus on the major channel used by the television to reach the target audience; the television. Television is widely used by television organizations all over the world and it is the most popular television channel in modern times. It has overtaken the radio in terms of usage (Hollihan, 2001).
Media political systems
There are various media-political systems in the world today. The political orientation of the country’s governance defines the media-political system that exists within that country. Various governments have been in conflict with media because of media coverage of some issues that could jeopardize the political system of the country. This is one effect that the media has on the politics. There are four main systems of media-political system in the world namely; Authoritarian, Communist, Libertarian and Paternalism.
In an Authoritarian media-political system, the government fully controls the media. The government restricts what the media will relay to the masses. The government uses all the forces at hand to restrict the media that include censorship, media licensing, arrests and jailing of journalists, bribing and even executing journalist. The media may be owned privately but the government controls all media channels in the country. An example of this system is Iraq (Kaid, 98).
In communist media-political system, the government uses the media to spread the gospel of a perfect society. In this system all media channels are owned by the government and are controlled by the government as well. The media is given the right to criticize the government but the communism ideology criticism is strictly not condoned. An example of this system is Cuba (Richard Davis, 1994).
In Libertarian the government uses the media as the government watchdog. In this system the truth is recognized as emanating from human reasoning. It is in this respect that the media is given the right to report what they want to report. In this system, free speech is recognized as the key channel to freedom. The media in this country’s is privately owned. An example of this system is America (Diamond, 1997).
In Paternalism the citizens are given the priority. It is an advancement of the Libertarian system and there exist policies which greatly encourage diversification. The citizens are given full access to media and the system also encourages fairness and balance in media coverage and reporting. It is fairly growing in most democratic countries especially with the improved technology in electronic media system. A good example of this system is Canada (Liebovich, 2001).
Television effects on politics and ideologies
The human nature has dictated that we believe what we are told. The major source of information to any human society is the television. The most influential apparatus that the television uses is the television. The television has been used by billions of people as their key television instrument and some live shows have been viewed by billions of people worldwide. The introduction of satellite television has also increased the television audience. Latest technological advancement in the television has not left the television behind and so it is one of the major television outlets in the world even today (Kaid, 98).
Most people worldwide rely on the television to gain information of various developments in the world. These developments include politics and it has the largest following around the globe. People rely on the television to conduct research and inform them of their findings. Most politicians have tried to be television friendly on assumptions that the television will spare them from informing the public about their misdeeds (Graber, 98).
The television has remarkable effect on the politics that is, even the politician themselves. The television can be used to make or break a politician or even a political ideology. Most of the people in democratic countries tend to rely on television organizations that are owned by very rich politically connected people. A good example is like in America where a large number of television organizations are owned by people who tend to lean either to the ideologies of the Democrats or Republicans. The information they relay to the people may be very much biased towards the political ideologies their owners follow. The television being the most used television apparatus in the world today plays a great deal in informing the people of various issues in the world (Hollihan, 2001).
The politicians also use the television to relay information that would increase his popularity. This may be very damaging to other politicians or an organization at large. Leftist politicians will often leak government scandals which leave some politicians reputation thoroughly damaged. Politicians will also not shy away from seeking television attention which sometimes leaves the viewers really disappointed with the portrayal of certain politician ideologies in television. Most people are very much disappointed by the stunts the politicians and political correct people try to pull in front of over a billion viewers. Actually, with the number of viewers that rely on the television to get the information, the television organizations are capable of spoiling millions of political careers worldwide (Hess, 96).
The television can be good for politics but bad for the public. There are many things that make the television more politician friendly than public friendly. Some true but damaging materials have been hidden from the public. In authoritarian systems, the government prevents the television from relying to the public any information that could tarnish the government’s reputation. The television always refuses to highlight some information that they assume that they are based on rumors and hearsays. Some of this information regarding the politicians could shed light on various aspects of politicians but the television in one way or another is prevented from publicizing those issues. The television has other professional ethics and codes of behavior that they consider before publicizing any information. A good example is when the US president George W. Bush was linked to the 9/11 terrorists but the television did not relay that information to the public although only a section of the American television hinted to the public about the linking of the US president to terrorists with Asian origin (Diamond, 1997).
The television is also responsible for spoiling and tarnishing the names and reputation of many politicians. It also has the capability of heightening the magnitude of scandal to levels that could not be earlier imagined. A good example is the way the Television especially the television handled the Clinton and Lewinsky saga. The television was capable of supporting the then United States president or not supporting him. However, the television chose to squash the president but heightening the scandal. Most of the information was exaggerated or hearsay or even outright false. This scandal tainted the political history of Bill Clinton and now most people know him because of the scandal. The television’s endeavor to work through the truth or elaboration of facts has seen it fall prey to reporting of rumors and hearsays (Hess, 96).
In international politics, the television is responsible for informing the people of international politics. This has both its negative and positive effects on the politics. For example it coverage of wars has helped the people to know the good and bad sides of all leaders. A good example is recent coverage of the war between America and Iraq. The television portrayed the American president as being unfair and a war hungry person. It has also been declared by many people worldwide as being fueled by oil which is abundant in Iraq but much needed in America. It is in this respect that people have been helped by the television to know what type their leaders are really are and what they are capable of doing in an effort to achieve political and economic goals (David Croteau, 1994).
The television has also played a good role in informing the people what type of people the politician are. The world nowadays is generally wary of politicians and they see then as people who cannot be trusted. This is because the television has played the role of showing the people that politicians are capable of lying and are capable of corruption. It has shown that the politicians are not people who can be trusted or relied upon to deliver to the masses (Brinkley, 2001).
The television has also highlighted to the masses that the politicians’ goals are self motivated but not motivated by the masses needs. Many politicians have vied for office in pursuance to their own political and personal ambitions rather than the need to serve the people. In most countries, politics is one of the well paying jobs and many people who have ventured into politics also have influenced politics to further their business interests in other fields. Thanks to the television, many people now do not trust the politicians and they see them in their true forms as greedy people out to use that avenue to gain their popularity and riches (Hess, 96).
Television’s contribution to people’s disillusionment in politics
The television or rather the media at large has contributed immensely to people disillusionment to politics and politicians as well. Because it is the leading media outlet worldwide, it has brought to the viewers notice that the politicians are a bunch of people who are not trustworthy and are greedy and will stop at nothing to achieve their ambitious goals (Graber, 98).
In authoritarian media-systems, people have come to have and feel politics because what it relays to them is always pro-government. Since the government is in control of the media, the people media are aware that the media will always relay to them what the government wants the people to know. There is a lot of censorship involved and this only increases the people disappointment in politics. The people would want to know what is going on but with all the censorship from the government their knowledge is limited. Most of the television viewing in these countries is composed of news that has been fully censored by the government. With the 0cross-border media services many people from these countries can get a glimpse of what is going on in the world. They also come to know that their governance system is not the best in the world and this also contributes to their disillusions in politics (David Croteau, 1994).
The media and in particular the television has also been responsible for highlighting most of the politicians shortcomings. In most countries the politicians do not vie for seats in the offices to serve the people rather than to enrich themselves and also to further their own interests. The people who are shown these misdeeds by the television are disappointed by the whole affair of politics. They hate the politics and the people behind politics, that is, the politicians because they believe the whole game behind politics is lies and mistrust (Brinkley, 2001).
Various scandals that are done by the politicians are brought as news in television. A good example is the Bill Clinton and Monica Lewinsky saga which was highlighted in major television networks all over the world. Most people who followed the saga saw the president as being immoral and so they questioned his trustworthy and his dedication to serve the people of the United States of America. That is just a particular case but all over the world, there are many scandals that are done by the politicians that make many people hate the whole political things. This is also another major reason why the television has caused so many people being disillusioned with politics (Hollihan, 2001).
Many politicians have been viewed as corrupt and the television has always being at the forefront in covering these cases. Many people have come to the conclusion that politicians are only corrupt people who would anything to enrich themselves. Corruption is a vice that many people would do anything to get rid of but the politicians seem unable to resist the corruption vice. Many people have loathed politicians because of their corrupt nature and hence they hate politics as well. The television is responsible for bringing corruption news in the world and hence it has contributed to the people’s disillusionment in politics (Kuhn, 2002).
World politics have also been blamed for many wars and violence in the world. The America war with Iraq is one of the best examples. However, there are thousands of other global conflicts going on in the world today. Many of these that are highlighted in the television has pointed the blame to the leaders and politicians. In most third world countries, the politicians have been blamed for inciting violence among various subgroups in the country. This has led to many deaths of innocent people and hence many people have come to be disappointed by politics through the media and primarily through the television (Diamond, 1997).
Many politicians have also been blamed for inciting genocides in their countries. A good example is the Rwanda Genocide which media as well as international community blame a Mr. Kabuga who was an influential politician back then in Rwanda. Many people came to know of the politician and his genocide incitement through the television. This also created an atmosphere where people could not trust the politicians to make wise and sound decisions when it came to racial and tribal conflicts. Hence many people are disillusioned when it comes to politics because many people do not trust the politicians. Many politicians around the world have been blamed for nepotism and given offices to people who they know and they are well acquitted with. Many people have been disappointed with politics because of the television covering these dishonest trends of the politicians (David Croteau, 1994).
The study has proved that the media has played an important role in the people’s disillusionment in politics and eventually the politicians themselves. The television is the most used media apparatus in the world today and hence it is used by media organizations to reach billions of viewers around the world today (Graber, 98).
The television highlighting of the various miscomings and misdeeds of the politicians has created a basis and a platform where many people can express their unsatisfactoriness with the politics of the world. Many people feel cheated when they come to realize what type of people they elected in the political offices in the offing. Many feel like they chose monsters into the offices rather than real people with feelings. The politicians are covered in corruption, nepotism and various other social and economic vices that the some people wouldn’t hesitate to hate them (Brinkley, 2001).
It is the conclusion of these study that the television has a played a great role in making the people disillusioned with politics and these it has done throughout the world.
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